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tribunals, forms of judicature, and manner of proceedings, do belong.” It was certainly the import and design of this grant, that the courts of judicature should be formed, and the judges and oflicers thereof hold their commissions, in a manner not repugnant, but agreeable to the laws and customs of England; that thereby they might remain free from the influence of persons in power, the rights of the people might be preserved, and their properties effectually secured- That by the guarantee, William Penn (understanding the said grant in this light) did, by his original frame of government, covenant and grantwith the people, that the judges and other oilicers should hold their commissions during their good 66baviaur, and no longer.
Notwithstanding ‘which, the governors of this province have, for many years past, granted all the commissions to the judges of the king’s bench or supreme court of this province, and to the judges of the court of common pleas of the several counties, to be held during their will and pleasure ; by means whereof, the said judges being subject to the influence and directions of the proprietaries and their governors, their favorites and creatures, the laws may not be duly administered or executed, but often wrested from their true sense, to serve particular purposes ; the foundation of justice may be liable to be destroyed; and the lives, laws, liberties, priviliges, and properties of the people thereby rendered precarious and altogether insecure ; to the great disgrace of our laws, and the inconceivable injury of his majesty’s subjects.
Your committee further beg leave to add, that besides
these aggrievances, there are other hardships the people of _
this province have experienced, that call for redresst—The inlz'stment qf servants, wit/mat the least satisfizction being made to the masters, has not only prevented the cultivation of our lands, and diminished the trade and commerce of the province, but is a burthcn extremely unequal and oppressive
to individuals. And should thgwactice continue, the con‘
sequence must prove very disc raging to the further set
tlement of this colony, andIprejudici-al to his mujestv’s future scrvice.--Justice, therefore, demands, that satisfaction ,, B
x - I Anmucss rout-‘mil
'shou'ld be made to the masters of such inlisted servants;
and that the right of masters to their servants be confirmed and settled—But as those servants have beenoinlisted into his majesty’s service for the general defence of America, and not of this province only, but all the colonies, and the nation in general, have and will receive equal benefit from their service; this satisfaction should be made at the expence of the nation, and not of the province only.
That the people now labour under a burtlien 0f taxes, almost insupportable by so young a colony, 'for the defence of its long-extended frontier, of about two hundred miles from‘ New Jersey to Marylandfwithout either of those colonies, or the three lower counties on Delaware, contributing their proportion thereto; though their frontiers are in a great measure covered and protected by our forts. And should the war continue, and with it this unequal burthen, many of ‘his majesty’s subjects in this province will be reduced to want, and the province, if not lost to the enemy, involved in debt, and sunk under its load
That notwithstanding this weight of taxes, the assemblies of this province have given to the general service‘of the nation, five thousand pounds to purchase provisions for‘ the troops under general Braddock; two thousand nine hundred and eighty-five pounds and eleven pence for clearing a road by his orders; ten thousand five hundred and fourteen pounds ten
shillings and a penny to general Shirley, 'for the purchasing 7
provisions for the New England forces; and expended the sum of two thousand three hundred and eighty-five pounds and two pence halfpenny in supporting the inhabitants of Nova Scotia; which likewise we conceive ought to be a national expence.
And that his majesty’s subjects, the merchants and insurers in England, as well as the merchants ‘here and elsewhere, did during the last, and will during the present war, greaily suffer in their property, trade, and commerce, by the memy‘s privateers on this coast, and at our capes, unless some method be fallen on to prevent it.
Wherefore your committee are of opinion, that the com‘missioners intended to be sent to England, to rsolicit a memorial and redress of the many infractions and violations of the constitution; should ‘also have it in charge, and be instructed to represent to our most gracious sovereign and his parliaments, the several unequal burthens and hardships before-mentioned; and endeavour to procure satisfaction to the masters of such servants. as have been enlisted, and the right of masters to their'servants established and confirmed; and obtain a repayment of the said several sums of money, some assistance towards defending our extensive frontier, and a vessel of war to protect the trade and commerce of this pro
CONSTITUTION AND GOVERNMENT
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Those who give up essential liberty to purchase a little tempora safety, deserve neither liberty nor safety, ry
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