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I'amount to six hundred and forty-seven thousand three hun.

dred and seventeen pounds eight shillings and nine pence sterling; and our numbers of people, and domestic trade, and the occasions for a medium of commerce, are equally ‘increased, there cannot, we think, be any doubt, but the British merchants will now likewise be of opinion, that the small addition we at present propose is absolutely necessary, though they may not think it so suitable to our circumstances as a larger sum; ‘one hundred thousand pounds of paper-currency hearing by no means the same proportion to our trade now, as eighty thousand pounds did then. And it is certain, that,~ as the money circulating among us diminishes, so must our trade and usefulness to Great Britain, and our consumption of its manufactures, diminish. ,

‘ Upon the whole, we intreat the governor to consider the distressing circumstances under which the trade, and in consequence the whole province‘, must languish, if, contrary to our expectations, the bill we now present him should not be enacted into a law. And we are well assured, that as the governor has been pleased to declare his sentiments of the many ‘advantages we derive from the use-ofpaper-money, his transmitting it home, in a true light, will make our application to the crown as effectual as it is seasonable.’ ,

iT'he vgovernor now demurred in his turn, and by his secretary'gave the house to understand, that, as it was usual for the assembly to meet again in August to finish the business of the year, he chose for that and some other reasons, to keep the bill under consideration, till that time.

In this the house acquiesced: and having suspended all resolutions on the proprietariesl‘paper, and the draught prepared by a committee ‘of their own in answer to it, till their next sitting, proceeded to the Indian affairs, and having come to proper resolutions thereon, transmitted them also, together with the following judicious message to the governor, towit. ‘

‘ [flag it please the Governor, I " We have, on all occasions, acknowledged our grateful sentiments "of the‘ governor’s regard and justice towards the.



Indians, our allies; and we now again return our hearty thanks for his continued care, and for communicating the intelligence he has received concerning their present distresses. In pursuance of which, we have resumed the consideration of the letters laid before the house, with the mes~ sage of the 16th of October last, together with the governor’s late message and papers, sent down to us before and since the return of the expresses dispatched to Ohio. We have also carefully examined the messenger himself, and such Indian traders, and others, who could give us any information of the numbers, and designs of the forces, raised by the governor of Canada, and of the condition of the Twigtwees, as well as the other Indians, our allies, upon the waters of Ohio, and upon mature deliberation, have resolved to contribute generously to their assistance, by a present suitable to' their want of the necessaries of life.

‘Though the alliance between the crown of Great Britain‘

and the Six Nations, and the protection and assistance they expect to receive in virtue of that alliance, is more immediately under the direction of the government of New York; and although Virginia, at this time, has entered largely into the trade, and will, no doubt, on the present occasion, assist them and their allies, yet we have always endeavoured, in proportion to our abilities, by presents, as well as by obliging our Indian traders to behave with justice towards them, to preserve their friendship; and on the present occasion, notwithstanding we have the misfortune to differ in sentiments with our proprietaries in the part they ought to bear in these expences, we have rather considered the advantages both they and the province may receive by our liberality, which we have voted cheerfully, and recommended the distribution. to the care of the governor, that the Six Nations at Onondage (upon any application to be made to him in their own behalf, or for their allies who reside to the westward, and are likely to be more immediately affected) may be satisfied, and the present intended them best answer their necessities, and

our peaceable and friendly intentions.’


The present 'was eight hundred pounds; two hundred pounds as a present of condolence to the Twigtwee nation, for the loss of fourteen of them, cut off in the preceding “ year, by the French and their Indians,7 and the rest to be j ' distributed by the governor among the other nations, at his

own discretion.

Thus far all was calm and quiet,-avld at their next meeting, in the latter end of August, they received two other messages from the governor, relating to the money-bill and i the Indian present: the latter importing, that he had not, as yet, received any application for any purpose whatever, from any of the Indians ; nor‘e‘ven such well-grounded advices of '

t - their wants and distresses as to induce him to make any use

f ‘i of the credit reposed in him: that he had, however, dispatch‘ ‘ ed VVeiser [the interpreter] for intelligence; and that, having ‘ received advices by all who came from the westward, that the French were on their march towards the Ohio, and had sent out their parties to scour the woods before them, he had i not sent the present of condolence, for fear of its falling into ~


the enemies’ hands, Sic.

And as to the former, it related to the currency-bill, re- ‘ turned at the same time with some few amendments, to which he, the governor, presumed the house could have no objection; and concluded with these remarkable expressions: i‘ I cannot, however, but acquaint you, that in giving my assent to this bill, I have acted rather in compliance to your repeated application, than that, in my own judgment, Icould think an addition, to our currency at this time, absolutely necessary: I am in hopes, nevertheless, that as the sum to

fi'l‘hey suffered this loss in defence of some English traders then in one ,4 of their towns. The French came with a strong body, and demanded that the traders and their goods should be delivered up to them. The Indians determined to protect them, but were overpowered by numbers; some of the traders were killed and the rest carried to Montreal, and afterwards 7;;

, sent prisoners to France. This was before the commencement of the pre- 1,, sent war, and one of the many hostilities of thelike kind previous to our , seizing their ships.



be emitted is not exorbitant, it may be attended with no bad consequences to the province.’ ‘

Now the principal of these amendments was the following proviso, vizt ‘ Provided always, and it is hereby farther enacted by the authority aforesaid, that this act or any thing therein contained, shall not take effect, or be deemed or construed or taken to have any force or effect, until the same shall have received the royal approbation of his majesty, his heirs, or successors.’ ‘Which proved to be so far from being unobjectionable, that, upon the question, the house unanimously resolved, ‘ Not to‘ agree to this amendment, because they apprehended it to be destructive of the liberties derived to them by the royal and provincial charters, as well as injurious to the proprietaries"rights, and without any precedent

in the laws of the province.’ And the governor, on the other '

hand, adhered, ‘ Because the clause so proposed to be added was founded on the additional instruction from the lords justices, in pursuance of the Commons’ address above speci

' lied; which instruction had been known to the province ever

since January, 1740; and consequently, they might see the reason of his adding it was such as he could not allow himself the liberty of receding from.’

And here it is to be lamented, that, while this affair was first under the consideration of parliament, neither the proprietary nor the provincial agent thought fit to lay those clauses of their charter before the house, by which the said proprietary and the assembly re entrusted with the whole legislative power, subject to the royal revisiion and ratification, and may even put laws not inconsistent with their allegiance in force, for the ‘term of five years, without it; since, in all probability, that measure would have produced some such a temperament as might have prevented the broil which ensued apparently for want of it.. a

The assembly took the governor’s reply immediately into‘ consideration, and prepared a suitable rejoinder; in which having interwoven the unanimous resolution just specified, they declared themselves assured, from the report of their Committee, to whom they had referred both the clause and the


examination of their laws, that there had not been one single instance of a law passed under such a restriction as that then contended for, from the first settlement of the province to that day. And here they might have safely stopt, if they 2 had thought fit, seeing nothing could be added in their justification stronger than their charter-claims, and such a series of . practice founded upon them: but, willing to be every .' way fortified, they entered farther into an enquiry, why so I dangerous an experiment should be then pressed upon them Without the least apparent necessity? and proceeded to shew, that the instruction itself was a temporary one: that, though it was directed to a governor of that province among the rest, it neither did nor could suit their circumstances, either I at that or at any other time before or since: that this, having 5 , been manifested to and acknowleged by the lords of trade, ‘ill. ‘ the ends of it, as to them, had been fully answered:_ that ‘ the said lords, in their report to the house of commons, subsequent to that address to the throne concerning- the paper currencies of America, having signified, that they would humbly propose that his majesty would be graciously pleased to repeat his orders to his governors of the plantations, not to give their assent, for the future, to any bill or bills for issuing or re-issuing paper-money, proceed to say, ‘W 0 hope these propositions for reducing and discharging the paper-currency of the plantations, may have a good effect in 1 those governments which are held by immediate commission under his majesty; but we are very doubtful, whether they will produce the like effect in the charter governments, who


do apprehend themselves by their particular charters and I‘, constitutions to be very little dependent upon the crown, and for that reason seldom pay that obedience to his majesty’s ,: orders, which might be reasonably expected from them ;’ A,

that, notwithstanding what is here said concerning the repe- 1,

tition of these orders, they had good reason to believe those u

orders, at least to their governors, had never been repeated: 1,

, that a bill, in which was a clause to inforce the orders and I‘

\ instructions of the crown in America had been repeatedly E, brought into parliament, and as often rejected: that the go

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