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As the reader may possibly ti- curious to lino-w, whether any similar disputes arose between the proprietaries and the several assemblies of the territory, or three separate counties, it may be proper to infirm him, that the ferbearances of these gentlemen in that district, were altogether as remarhable as their assumptions in the province; and to refer him ta'the fbllawing extract of a genuine letter of Mr. secretary Lagan’s to one Henry Galdney, an intimate friend of the first proprietary William Penn, for a solution of all douhts concerning the diflerence.

l Philadelphia, 3d month the 12th,1709, HENRY GOLDNEY, ' Esteemed friend, l ‘ I WAS favored last fall with thine and other friends answer to mine of 3d month last; the contents of which were extremely satisfactory, and on my part I shall not be wanting to discharge my duty to the utmost of my power; but in my opinion, since the proprietor has several times

mentioned that he had proposals made to him for the purchase of a large \

tract of land on Susquehannah, for which he had an offer of 5000!, sterling, it would be most adviseable for him to accept of any such terms, that so he may speedily have the management of his country to himself, by paying the debt there which he has contracted upon it; to which I wish thee and his other good friends would earnestly press him,v for in himself I know he is in such cases somewhat too doubtful and backward.

‘I now design, through the greatest confidence in thy-friendship both to himand me, to be very free with thee in an affair that nearly concerns him and this country in general, in which I shall request thee to exercise thy heat thoughts, and, accordingv to the result of these heartily to employ the necessary endeavors; the case is briefly as follows:

.‘ This government has consisted of two parts; the province of Pennsylvania, and the three lower counties on Delaware. To the first the propriet tor has a most clear and undoubted right, both for soil and government, by the king’s letters patents or royal charter; for the latter he has much less to shew; for the soil he has deeds of feofment from the duke of York, but 'for the government not so much as is necessary. After his first arrival, however, in these parts, he prevailed with the people both of the province and those counties to join in one government under him, according to the powers of the king's charter, which nevertheless extended to the province only, and so they continued, not without many fractions, till alter the time of his last departure, when some disaffected persons took advantage of a clause, which he had unhappily inserted in a charter he gave the people, and broke ol-l'eutirely from those lower counties; since which time we have had two assemblies, that of the province acting by a safe and indisputed

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power, but that of the other counties without sulficient (I. doubt) to justify them. Last fall the assemblyof those counties took occasion to inquire into their own powers, upon a design to set new measures on foot, and have sent home an address by one of their members, Thomas Coutts’s brother, who is to negociate the matter with the lords of trade and the ministry, to obtain powers to some person or other, who the queen may think fit (though Coutts designs it for himself) to discharge all the necessary duties of government over them. This I doubt will give the proprietary great trouble, for when the council of trade is fully apprised, as by this means they will be, that those counties are entirely disjoined from the province, it is probable they may more strictly inquire into the proprietor’s right of government and legislation with the people there; and it is much to be feared that they may advise the queen to dispose of the government of those parts some other way, which would be exceedingly destructive to the interest of the province in general. * * * * * *‘

‘ Upon the whole what I have to propose is this, whether it would not be most adviseable for the proprietor to consider in time what measures are most fit for him to take for his own and the country’s interest, before the blow falls so heavy that it may prove difi-icult, if at all practicable, for him to ward it 05‘; whether, therefore, it may not be most prudent to part with the government of both province and lower counties together, upon the best terms that can be obtained, before it proves too late for him to procure any. If he should hold the government of the province, nay even of the whole, during his life, he will never gain any thing by it; and, after his decease, it will be lost, or at least be put out of the hands of friends, and perhaps without any previous terms at all, when now he may be capable himself to negociate a surrender, both to his own particular interest, and greatly to the advantage of the profession; but whenever this is done, he should remember our present lieutenant-governor, who will be a sufferer (I fear at best) by undertaking the charge; and if any thing fall of course in the way, I wish he would not quite forget an old trusty servant of his, who has been drudging for him these ten years (but that is not the busi— ness). This I thought necessary to advise thee of, considering thee as one of his best and heartiest friends, and desire thee to communicate the matter to such others as may be most serviceable, ,but by no means expose this letter, for I would have that kept very private. I have wrote to the same purpose to the proprietary himself very fully, but finding, by longexperience, how little'it avails to write to himself alone of matters relating to his own interest, I now choose this method, and give this early notice before the addresses from hence shrill come to hand, which, with the address already glone from the lower counties, will certainly do our business whether the proprietor will agree to it or not, and therefore best take time while it offers. I shall commit this to thy prudence and discretion, and conclude, Thy real loving friend,

’ ‘JAMES LOGAN.’

END OF THE VOLUME

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