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‘their list of governors.

thousand pounds, yet behind of_ their conxribution of five thousandrpounds, which by law was to have been immediately advanced, but is still wit held from the commissioners, to the injury of the poor soldiers, whose pay is in arrear for want-of that money, the fifty-five thousand pounds, we granted by the said bill for the king’s use being expended”

‘ We are sensibly affected with the distressed state of our frontier inhabitants ; though we apprehend they are in a much better situation than those of the neighbouring provinces, who are equally nearathe enemy: and we hope they may be rendered still more secure, by a vigorous ezaertion of_ the force now on foot for their protection, and the’ annoyance of the enemy.

"The othe'r matters recommended to us by the governor, We will take into consideration, and hope we may be able to do therein whatever ought to be expected of us.’

This was the last parley between the assembly of Pennsylvania and Mr. Morris, who makes so notable a figure on Captain Denny his successor was at hand; and therefore he didlnot think it worth his while to compose a reply,which he might reasonably suppose no body

would think worth reading. 7 ‘ v I
Change of Devils, according to the Scots proverb is

,- Welcome ever smiles,
And farewel goes out sighing -.-n~

says Shakspcare. / _ The whole province seemed to feel itself relieved by the

alteration of ‘one name for another. Hope, the universal

cozener, persuaded them to believe, that the [good qualities

of the man would qualify the governor. He was received

like a deliverert The officious proprietary mayor and corporation, more than once already mentioned, made a feast for his entertainment; and having invited the assembly to ,partake of it, they also were pleased to become forgetful enough to be of the party.

That the said assembly should congratulate himon his -'ar‘ rival and accession (though the term is aroyal one) was, per=

haps, no more than a decent and respectful compliment; and that they should augurate from the excellence of his character,‘ that his administration would ‘be excellent, a fair and candid inference. But that they should find six hundred pounds at that time in their treasury to present him with, as an initiation'fee, may be matter of surprize to all‘ readers of their votes alike. Tired theymight be of opposition; pleased to find some pretence for relenting; but how they should find money where no money was, would be beyond conjecture. The order, therefore, on ‘their treasurer, for that sutn'could

. only be considered as'a present mark of their good will, and an obligation on the house to provide, in some future moneyj

bill, for the discharge of that order. Compliments over, government began. And in the-new governor’s very first speech, the province was given to un

rtderstantl, “that the French incroachments on the Ohio,

which his majesty in his declaration of war had assigned as the principal cause of his entering into a just and'necessary war, were within the limits of it, [which the ‘province could never yet be convinced of;] and that therefore it vwas particularly incumbent on them16 to exert themselvesin' the support of such measures as had been, or should be, concerted for carrying on the same withivigor; the state of the frontiers too, the devastations, cruelties, and murders committed there, and the horror they excited in him, made as good a topic in his hands, as the back counties, and the back inhabitants had done in his predecessor’s ; nay, those very back inhabitants are brought forward in the next paragraph; and,


- U‘Had the French fort really been within the bounds of the grant") the proprietor, that would not have made'the support of the war more par

‘ticularly incumbent on the assembly of Pennsylvania, than on any other

neighbouring government, equally affected and incommoded by its situation. For the country was as yet uninhabited; the property of the soil was in the proprietors; who, if' it could he recovered from the French, would demand and receive exorbitant prices for it of the ‘people, They ‘might as justlybli told, that the expence of his law suit with the proprietary of Maryland, for recovering his right to lands on that frontier, was particularly incumbent on them to defray. ,


1 .

what is 't'tthre, left: naked and defenceless‘ to a savage and:

m‘erciil'éss enemy by ‘an immediate disband’ittg of the‘ provincial trbo'p's', which, as Before, was ‘represented as unavoidable, unless fresh‘supplies were quickly raised ‘for their sup‘‘port.” "' l L - I ‘ ‘ i i ‘ " "tsetse, if Mr. Morris had made the speech himself, he ‘cou-ld' tiht-h'av‘e carried ‘on the thread ohgovernmeht with more consistency; for, as to the douceur at parting contained in these‘word's, ""let‘unanimity and dispatch prevail'in your councils; and be assured I will deny you nothing that I can ~grant,'consiste'nt with my duty as his majesty, and the ‘fights of the proprietaries,” it amounted to no more than this, do as my masters the proprietaries would‘ have you, and I will ‘say nothing to the contrary! _ l ' ‘ ‘ _

It is not to be conceived, that men of such long experience in the affairs of ' the province (so the members of assembly wer'e'characterised their new governor) could be one m0‘nie'nt at a loss for-the meaning of his speech, or what was to be apprehendediin' vcor'ise'qu'en‘ce it. ,

They had voted a supply, of forty thousand pounds before Mr. Morris was superseded. ‘They did not sit, as usual, in the afternoon of the .‘day' the speech was delivered; iand

though in the next day’s deliberation they dropt the former ‘

bill, and vordered in anotherwith a Blank for the sum, they adjourned the day following, without doing any business at all; nay, though quickened the next following with a messag-‘e accompanied with an extract of a letter from lord Loudon, as also several other letters and papers (among the latter, one containing a letter from colonel Armstrong, concerning some secret which was to be kept a secret still) they demurred both that and three days more, before they came 'to' any farther resolutioh; and then they agreed upon an address by way of answer to his speech, in which, after a paragraph or two of compliment, they‘ dryly gave him to understand, lst, “that from the very nature of their frontier which was so extended that it in a manner covered the three lower counties, Maryland, and New-Jersey, and consisted of dispersed settlements, the‘ horrors he talked of

could not be prevented; 2dly, that as it was in abetter state of defence than that of any of the neighbouring colonies equally near the enemy, they could not but hope the inhabitants would be equally safe; and Sdly, that as great unanimity did prevail in their councils, they should, as far as lay in their power, consistent with their just rights, enable the governor to afford the people the continuance of that protection they so much stood in need of,” Ste.

They also accompanied the said address with the follow’ ing message; which was obviously of the nature of a postscript, calculated to contain the business purposely omitted in the letter it belonged to. ~

‘ May it please the Governor, I

‘ As soon as we heard and considered the governor’s speech, and before we received his message with the letter from lord Loudon, we resolved to give a sum of money for his majesty’s service ; demonstrating, by that readiness, that we are not insensible of our duty to the best of kings, nor of the necessity of enabling the governor at this critical conjuncture to protect the people committed to his care.

‘As former grants of this kind have been long delayed, or'gndered ineffectual, by means of latent proprietary instructions, not communicated to us till we had spent much

‘ time in vain in forming our bills, we would now humbly re»

quest the governor to lay before us full copies of such of his instructions as relate to money-bills of any kind, with tilt preambles or other partsithat contain the reasons of such in.structions; thfi‘l; We may, if possible, avoid all occasions of delay in afi‘airs so important, and that our judgments may ,be informed of the equity or necessity of rules to which a conformity is required.

‘Fromithe governor’s candor, and sincere desire to facilitate andexpedite, by every means in his power, what 35' necessary to the public welfare, as well as from the reasonableness of the thing in itself, we have no doubt that he will favor us in granting this request.’ A _ v \

The assembly was civil; the governor was artful. As he would not grant all that was asked, he resolved to be as. fop.


Ward as possible in performing as much as he designed. Y

Thus, on the very day their request was made, he laid the‘ instructions in question before them; being the eleventh, twelfth, and twenty-first articles .of'the‘ proprietary instruc


the provincial bills of credit, and the money to be raised by excise; and having by advance asserted a joint intention in the said proprietaries, and the house of representatives, to have it applied for the public'service, proceeds to ground upon that joint intention a title to an equal power over it; then forbids the governor to‘ give vhis assent to any bill or act of assembly for emitting, re-er'nitting, or continuing any paperhcurrency, unless the' whole of the interest money arising therefrom should be disposed of only to the very purposes to be specified in such act, or where that could not be conveniently done, by the joint concurrence of governor and assembly for the time being. And the same prohibition is also'extended to all excise law's, except the disposition of the money to be raised by them is also appropriated in the same manner.

The second, having admitted that a ‘reasonable and moderate quantity of paper-money tended greatly to the benefit of theprovinpe, as well as to the trade of Great Britain, and that the dangers of depreciation arose only from an over great quantity, authorises and impowers the governor discretion’ ally, on proper inquiry made, and proper assurance obtained of the real utility of such a measure, to make an addition to the present currency of forty thousand pounds more; provided strict regard was had to all the limitations specified in the instruction foregoing; and also, that effectual care was taken that all rents and quit~rents, due to the said proprietaries, should be always paid according to the'rate of exchange at the times of payment between the cities of Philadelphia and London, by some sufficient provision in the very act itself, or some separate act, as was done in the 12th of the present king, when the farther sum of eleven thousand one hundred and ten pounds, five shillings was issued.

Of these, the first regards the interest money arising from

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