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latest accounts from Europe, a considerable armament from France was to be expected in America, now to become the seat of war, and as the enemy would in such case depend upon being supplied with provisions from the king’s colonies, by the intervention of the Dutch, heconceived a general embargo would be necessary; and that it should be rendered effectual, by some such special law as should be thought necessary by himself and the governors of the neighbouring provinces, which he recommended to'them to prepare; and that the affairs of the province, and, in particular, the building a fort at a place called Shamokin, which was of so great importance to the province, requiring his personal care and attendance, it gave him concern that he could not be then at Philadelphia; but that they might be assured he would give all the dispatch imaginable to any bills they might propose, which the secretary was to send to him from time to time by express.’

To give the more weight to the militia clause, a petition was presented to the house from the oflicers of the associa-. tion companies in the city of Philadelphia, complaining of the insufliciency of the present law, and praying that a new one might be framed, in which the defects of the former should be remedied. _

The assembly gave the petition a civil but cool reception; and, in their reply to the governor’s message, furnished the public with a brief of their sentiments and proceedings on the present occasion ; to wit:

v ‘That being met in pursuance of the governor’s call, they were concerned for his absence ; as the public business

[could not be transacted as it ought, where the several par

ties were so far asunder; that as by the joint care of himself and the commissioners, for disposing of the sixty thousand pounds, the frontier was now in a better state of de

yfence, than that of any other colony on the continent; the

forts being numerous, all strongly garrisoned, and both oilicers and soldiers now reduced to due obedience and discipline, by means of the act of parliament, which, at their last sitting, they had extended to that province, they could not

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but hope, that the distressed inhabitants of the two counties mentioned, might by the blessing of God, become more secure in their settlements, and, consequently, more easy in their minds‘; and that more especially as they understood, there were ‘in the interior counties many formed companies as yet uneinployed, who were ready to enter into the service, and‘ march to the frontier, whenever the governor should think fit to call them; and a considerable sum was still in the hands of the commissioners, wherewith the expence might be defrayed; that, as they conceived, the marching the militia to the frontier on every alarm, would be less effectual for its clefence,>and much more expensive and bur

densome to the people, than their proportion of a tax for the

maintenance of standing guards; that, indeed, they had little experience of a militia in this province, consequently, in framing so new a thing as a law to regulate it, their first essay might have its defects; that, however, as the governor did not point them out,~when he passed the act, and they had not since occurred to them, all they could then say was, that when he should think fit to send down any supplementary amendments, they would take them into their serious consideration; which he, the governor, might possibly be ready to do by the time to which they stood adjourned, then not

‘ far distant; that they had therewith sent him a bill for pro

hibiting the exportation of provisions or warlike stores from this'province, which they hoped would meet with his concurrence, being in conformity with the law lately passed at New York I; but that as all restrictions made by them would be in‘ effectual, unless the lower counties (the territory as formerly called) were in like manner restrained; they had referred the continuance of their law, to such future act as the governor and assembly of those counties should pass for that purpose; that they apprehended a strict compliance with that law would be of great service to the British interest, and therefore earnestly recommended it to the governor, that when passed it might be carried effectually into execution. And, lastly, that as the season required the present attendance of many of the members at their plantations, they proposed to


re-adjourn themselves to the same time as before; when they hoped the governor would find himself enough at lei‘ sure to meet them at Philadelphia.’

Thus ended this session of four days; the prohibitory‘ law was passed by the governor at Harris’s ferry ; and when they met again, they received from the secretary two other» messages from the same‘ place; one designed for their farther amusement at their last sitting; ‘but which arrived half an hour too late ; and the other for the present.

According to the former, ‘the governor had received letters from the governors Dinwiddie and Sharpe, giving an account of the miserable condition of their frontier; and the danger they were in from the enemy who had penetrated as far as Winchester in Virginia; he had, thereupon, redoubled his diligence for the better securing the most exposed part of their own; but he was still fearful, that, for want of a

' sufiicient force to take the field, the garrisons on that side

would not be able to keep off the numbers of the enemy, which there was the greatest reason to expect would soon appear in those parts; so that no time was to be lost in preparing, in some more effectual manner, for their defence.’ According to the latter, ‘ all the dispatch he had been able to make in his works had not brought them to such a forwardness as‘would permit him, without prejudice to that

important part of the public service, to be in town at their‘

meeting; he had, however, the satisfaction to tell them, that

_he had made a lod‘gment in a‘ very secure place upon the

river, beyond the Kittatinny hills (the place from whence, it must be recollected, he fired his first beacon to alarm, 01' rather distract, the province) ; the secretary would lay before them a letter from governor Sharpe, with the extracts of an act of his government for granting forty thousand pounds for his majesty’s service; only twenty-five thousand pounds of it was conditional [so that conditional acts were regular in Maryland though not in Pennsylvania] that Pennsylvania and Virginia contributed their reasonable quotas towards the expedition it was granted for; they must be sensible there

" 7 would be no peace or safety for them [his old argument]

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unless these western colonies united their strength in making a well-concerted push to dislodge the French from their encroachments; and that no time was so favorable as when his majcsty’s forces and those of the eastern colonies were employed against them to the northward; it was therefore to be taken into immediate consideration, and he was to be enabled to give governor Sharpe the expected assurances, that Pennsylvania would, for its own sake, contribute ac

\ cordingly.’ A complaint from commodore Spry, that he was in great '

want of seamen for his majesty’s ships under his command, and that he expected a supply from those colonies, brought up the rear; with a requisition ‘that he might be enabled by bounty or otherwise to raise and send him as many as the

province could spare, which would be a very seasonable and

acceptable service.’ , In conformity to so pressing and plausible a message,

a money-bill was immediately ‘ordered, and some progress was made therein. But advice having been received from sir Charles Hardy and sir William Johnson, that the De’lawares and Shawanese had promised to cease from hostilities, and were disposed to renew and strengthen their al~ liance and friendship, and the governor (Morris) having caused a suspension of arms to be proclaimed thereon, they contented themselves with assuring him, ‘thathe should not fail of the necessary support in the prosecution of such measures as might tend to bring this good disposition of the said Indian tribes to a happy issue; and with recommending it to the commissioners of the sixty thousand pounds act, to concur with the governor in furnishing such supplies of money as might be necessary thereto.’ They also again put the governor in mind of the Indian trade bill, so often recommended to him before; urging, ‘that it might be of great

service at that uncture, by bringing such of our Indians as

had never been joined with, and desired to be distinguished from, those who had committed the outrages on the back settlements, under the immediate inspection and care of the government, by supplying their necessities on the easiest terms,

securing their affections, and inducing others to come in for the same beneficial considerations.’

A promise to reconsider it, this drew from him ; but, as if he had resolved to set his own price on such a service to the province, he put them in mind, by a message the same hour, ‘That,-though the trouble and expence of administration had been considerably greater than in any former time, no sums had been granted for his support since their first session; and he therefore desired, they would take this matter into consideration, and make such provision as was agreeable to justice and the practice of former assemblies.’ ‘

What the governor’s case was with respect to revenue, and what the merits of his service, may be collected from the sheets already before us; so that it. will be enough in this place to say, that the assembly could turn a deaf ear as .well as he; and, that he, having given theni to understand, \in his message concerning sirCharles Hardy’s intelligence, and the suspension of arms, that he had called the assembly -\ of the lower counties to meet him on the 4th of June, in order to render the late embargo permanent and effectual, by prevailing with them to pass a law to the same effect, and that be imagined his absence for three or four days would be no interruption to their proceedings, they adjourned themselves to the 28th. _

Before they separated, however, which deserves notice, six Ilnembers requested leave to resign their seats for certain reasons by them specified in a paper presented to the house at the same time; and it was, after consideration, resolved thereon, that, in case they continued in the‘ same mind after the adjournment, and delivered the said paper into the hands of the speaker [in proof thereof] their seats should be deemed vacated accordingly. They did continue in the same mind, and delivered the following paper as proof thereof.

‘ May it please the Speaker and the House,

‘ A few days since we communicatedto the house our inclinations to resign our seats; in which the house appeared disposed to favour us.

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