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li'e 'was‘inlbtmed, ‘they v've're sb mncli disple'ai‘s‘ed ‘with the ‘conduct of the 'De'lawgies é'ndshawaliesé that they s'e'eme'd liicliriabl‘e t6 take up tlie 'hat'ehe't against tlier'n; and that he li'op'ed the Warmth with which general Shirley l‘xad recomii'iend'ed illlé matter t6 filiem, would iri'cl'lice them to act vigorous'ly 61‘: this dcc‘aéid'n?’ '

_ 'Con'ne'ctibrl is 'n‘o‘t to be ‘exiie'cted in this gentIe‘manl's-proceekliings; liis c'bhgress We have already seen converted into a 'cbun'cll of 'v'va'xr; instead of a g'ehe'ral treaty with, the I'ndians he brings béick a plim Of vli‘xilitary operations 5 and wllil'e the le'vie's Wei'e ‘actuélly 'rhalci'ng of the Sixty th'ousah‘d p'o'u‘nds;

‘ just given, fot the defehce bf ithé pf'ovi'n'ce, he ‘calls 'upon


theih for a‘sdppl'y, tpwa‘rds an bffen‘sive war.
B'yth'e plahset'tled among the governor's at thelr‘late coun-

ell, ‘which is nbw in p‘ri‘fit,'tl1e ’col'oni'és wei‘e'to‘r'aise t'e‘n tllou-

Sand 'tWo l‘xfih’di‘e'd and fhe'n, id be e'rhplbyed in two b‘o(‘lies againsi the French Settlements an the ‘lake Ontario, and C'rowh-‘plointpaiid of these fifteen hundred were to be suppli‘éd'l'ay Pennsylvania. ' \ “ .

The Ig‘o've'i'n‘b'r, however, did riot ih'in'k it ‘expedient to push {his demand in ‘the cavalier inaniler he had hithertdlpra'ctis'ed; {a‘rbbabl'y co‘n'vihc‘e'd that it was‘ what the ‘province n‘eiiher

,ivould 6r c'o'fild eor'h’ply 'w'vifh; ahd 'tha‘t cO'nsequ'ehtl'y he Should ‘

(Silly draw clbv'v'h ‘so i‘nflch the mb're bdi'u'fn oil himself.

‘ fie'sid'e's, the ‘assembly was s‘car'ce met, Befbre ‘é‘circumé’t'ance bdcur're‘d‘, which, ‘though of in 'al'mbst ‘private nature, s‘ef'vee'l t0 e'vince ‘the truth (if whit has been 'i'fisir'lu'ated.

The ‘se‘Vei‘al recruiting 'pa'fti'e§ dis‘t‘ribu'ted through'llie pro{'ixi'ce Ib'y the brder bf general Shirley, had renewed ‘Elie ‘old p'rae‘tice 'of e'nlis'ti'ng Pufclxéiéed se'rvziht‘s; t'h'e pers‘ohs ihui (letnived 6f 'tllel'r ‘property b'mu'ght ‘tlnei'r cdi‘npléiil'ts b'el‘ol'b {he assembly; "the asseffilaly 'xi'ot o'nly ‘received the‘ ‘p'etitlb'ners ffibf‘ébly, but. éllsb es'poli's'ed rhei'r' cause in {he 's‘t'r'dfi’gesf terms to 'the 'gbveino'r‘; a‘nd a's their address (in ‘t‘h'ns ‘dc‘chsl‘ofl, c0rftaih5 Such a state 'bb'th of'the ‘province Iah't'l i't's céhduc't, as will Sei‘ve t0 inélce the leader equally abquhifl't‘édl ‘with both, {he 'm'dst ma't'efial fag‘rag'ra‘phs are here 'aéijoin'ed.



A.‘ I I

1 4

noun" a. meagre, Esq. nap. covsnuon. 283'

‘ We presume that no one colony on the continent has af

forded more free recruits to the king’s forces than Pennsyli

vania; men have been vraised here in great numbers for Shirley’s and Pepperell’s regiments, for Halket’s and Dunbar’s, for the New York and Carolina independent cgmpa. nies, for Nova Scotia, and even for the West India islands. By this, and the necessity we are under of keeping up a large body of men to defend our own extensive frontiers, we are drained of our hired laborers; and as this province has butlfew slaves, we are now obliged to depend principally upon our servants to assist us in tilling our lands. If these are taken from us, we are at a loss to conceive how the provisions that may be eiipected- out of this province another year, for the support of the king’s armies, ‘are to be raised.

‘We conceive that this province could not possibly have furnished the great numbers of men and quantity of provi

Sions it has dons for the king’s service, hadv ‘it not been for v

1 our constant practice pf importing and purchasing servants to assist us in our labour. Many of these, when they become free, settle among us, raise families, add to the number of people, and cultivate more land; and many others who do not so settle, are ready and fit to take arms when the crown calls for soldiers. But if the possession of a bought servant, after purchase made, is thus rendered piiecarious,

and he may at anytime be taken‘ away from his master at v

the pleasure of a recruiting ofiicer, perhaps when most wanted, in the midst of harvest or of seed time, or in any other

hurry of business, when another cannot be provided to sup- _

ply his place, the purchase, and of course the importation, of servants will be discouraged, and the people driven to the necessity of providing themselves with negro slaves, as the property in them, and their service seems. at present more secure. Thus the growth of the country by increase of white inhabitants will be prevented, the province weakened rather than'strengthened (as every slave may be reckonedv a domestic enemy) one great and constant source of recruits be in a great measure "cut oil‘, and Pennsylvania soon be un~

able to afford more men for the king’s service, than the slave


colonies now do.’ They also accompanied their address with an extract of a

: letter from general Shirley to colonel Dunbar, in which he

declares himself convinced, that the inlisting of apprentices and indented servants would greatly disserve his majesty’s interest, as well as be in most cases grievous to the subject, and in the strongest manner recommends it to him to avoid doing it. ' '

Even the governor himself in his answer acknowleged

the fact; admitted it to be a great hardship, and an unequal burden upon the inhabitants of the province; but, instead of issuing his proclamation, strictly charging and commanding all oflicers civil and military to be aiding and assisting to the inhabitants, in securing or recovering their servants, when any attempt should be made to force them away, as required by the assembly, told them the courts were open, and that the injured might there sue out his remedy by due course of

1 law.

He also signified, that general Shirley had now altered his opinion, and issued orders different from those he had before And in efi‘ect, a letter from the said general in answer to one of the governor’s, was soon after communicated to the assembly, in which he pleads the necessities of the service for a continuance of the practice; and in justification of it, cites the authority of his own g0vernn'~:nt, “where it was common, he said, to impress both indented servants and others for garrisoning the frontier towns, where they often remained several years.”

And his thus renouncing his former conviction, is so much

given to colonel Dunbar.

the more remarkable,‘because the province had recently made ‘

his troops a voluntary present of warm Waistcoats, stockings, and mittens; and in his letter of acknowlegment (dated but five days before that to the governor) to the assembly, addressed to one of the members, he expresses himself as follows: \ i

"I. am now, sir, to acquaint you, that I have ordered a

‘ distribution of clothing, and to desire the favorof you to


i make my acknowlegments t0 the assemlily for this second instance of their public spirit and zeal for his majesty’s service, and the general good of these colonies, given by them in 'the expedition against Crown-point.

‘ I cannot but hope that solaudable an example will inspire

the other colonies with the like spirit, so necessary at this critical conjuncture for putting a stop to the invasions and devastations of the French and their Indians within our borders, and placinglthe British northern colonies in a state of security against the attempts which, from the armament sent the last year from France, and their lnown designs, we have the utmost reason to expect they wil push this year; and that it will continue to animate the government of Penn/sylvania in the common cause, as it hath hitherto done, so high ‘ 7 their advantage. I‘ leased likewise, to assure them, air, that I shall not g in making a just representation to his majesty of these marks of their zeal for the service of their king and country, and doing every thing in my pover for the service of the province.’ 1

It is indeed remarkable of Pennsylvania, that though represented and treated by its enemies, as ii it was the barren fig-tree, applications were continually made ‘to it on all sides, as if it was capable of furnishing all demands and incapable \of refusing any.

, His majesty having graciously ordered a considerable present to be sent to New York for the Six Nations; and sir Charles Hardy, governor of that province, being soon to hold a meeting with them, in order to the distribution, Pennsylvania was called upon to follow the example of New York in making some addition to it: and governor Morris was prevailed upon by governor Hardy to make lthe demand ac


cordingly. ‘

Nor was the assembly averse to it: th province had agents at that very time with sir William Johnson, to sound the disposition of those nations towards them, and as sir Charles Hardy’s meeting was not to take place till towards the end of March, and the governor’s message was dated

February 16, they apprehended that no inconveniencies could ensue from their not giving a determinate answer till the return of those agen‘ , which was very soon expected.

And in the mea time, as the governor could not mention

Indian affairs, to t em, without putting them in mind of the '

bill, which had be It so long in his hands for regulating the Indian trade, the again called upon him to take it into consideration.

They had now at a full month 3 and had received a mes; sage from him, re ommending a stop to be put to the exportation of provisio s from some ill-grounded apprehensions of a scarcity, wch they had under consideration; they were also deeply ngaged in a bill for the better regulation of their forces, a they had sent up another for continuing the excise, when he governor was pleased to ret ' th that and the Indi trade bill, with several proposed}? ) ments, and a no ce, “That his majesty’s service‘ his presenceyati wcastle, he intended to set out fo- that place on the mor w, or next dayafter,”

To redeem ti e, therefore, the said amendments were immediately discvssed, and upon the question rejected; of which they appri d him in the following brief and sensible manner. '

" May it p ase the Governor,

‘The excise bil now offered the governor for his assent, being free of all bjections as toroyal instructions, or act of parliament, and e same that has heretofore repeatedly received the royal ssent; and no reason appearing to the house why the change ould be made that is proposed by the governor’s amendnient, they therefore unanimously adhere to the bill, and desire it may receive his assent as it now stands.

‘The bill for regulating the Indian trade, being an imita— tion of the law for the same purpose, found so beneficial by long practice and experience in the province‘of the Massachusetts, the house do also adhere to that bill as it stands;


I and request the governor would be pleased to reconsider his

amendments.’ ‘

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