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Upon the heels of this, by'another message he also informed them of, and congratulated them upon, the arrival

of the transports, with the forces and artillery destined forv

the American service in Virginia; after which he proceeded, as in the last session, to say, “that his majesty’s care and affection for his subjects in America having ind need him to so large and seasonable an assistance, for the recovery of those possessions which the French, contrary to the faith of

"treaties, had seized, they would be greatly wanting to them

selves if they neglected the opportunity to frustrate the attempts of that perfidious people; that to render his majesty’s measures effectual, it was expected, that the colonies should raise an additional number of forces, and should furnish provisionsiand all necessaries to those employed for their protection; as they would see by a letter from the earl of Hali~ fax, and ariother from general Braddock, which were to be laid before them; that this being so reasonable in itself, he could not doubt its being readily complied with by all the provinces, in proportion to their abilities; and he hoped, that as Pennsylvania wasithe most interested in the event, they would exert themselves as became the representatives of a province actually invaded, and having their all depending on the success of the present enterprize; that he earnestly be~ ‘sought them to consider/what might be the consequence of their refusing to grant the necessary supplies, as they might be assured his majesty would not condescend to recommend

to them in vain the making provision for their own defence,

but would doubtless, upon their refusal, be enabled by his parliament to oblige those who reaped the immediate benefit of such a chargeable protection to contribute their proportion of it; and that if by a disappointment in the articles expected to be supplied by them, the great expence the nation had been put to for the security of these invaluable, branches of the British empire, should be rendered unavail} able, they could not but think they would justly draw upon themselves the resentment of his majesty, and a British par

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How unusual soever such language was on such occasions, and how inconsistent soever with the claims and rights of freemen, the assembly not only stifled their resentments of

it, but proceeded the very same day to do all that was re

\quired of them with' all the alacrity imaginable. Twenty-five thousand pounds was the sum'they granted to the king’s use: five thousand pounds of it was appropriated for the sum borrowed for the service at the last sitting; . ten thousand pounds for the purchase of provisions, at the request of the government of Massachusett’s-bay, for victual— ling their forces; five thousand pounds, to answer the occasional draughts of general Braddock: and the remaining five thousand for the ‘maintenance of such Indians as had taken refuge in the province, and other contingent expences ' in their votes expressed: and the whole was to be raised by

a an emission of paper bills to the same amount,‘ and to be

sunk by an extension of the excise for ten years.

If the other part of the former bill concerning torn and ragged bills, was mentioned, or at all insisted upon, it could not be carried; theimajority on this occasion resolving, that no provincial consideration of that kind should furnish the least pretence for any obstruction to the general service.

Upon the 28th of March, 1755, this bill was left with the governor, and on the first of the next month he sent then! the following message, viz.


‘Your 'bill for striking twenty-five thousand pounds, being contrary to his majesty’s instructions relating to paper-money, and of the samenature with the bill I refused my assent to the last sitting of the assembly, I cannot pass it into a law, without a breach of duty to the crown ; and I am con» cerned you should offer such a bill to me, when you had agreed to submit the dispute between us, upon one of the like kind, to his majesty.

‘As this isa time of imminent danger, and the forces raised and destined for the service of the colonies must wait the siipplies from this province, I again intreat you to fall upon some other method of raising money, that we may not


_ lose this happy opportunity of recovering his majesty’sdo

minions, now invaded by the subjects of the French king:

and preventing their unjust encroachments for the future.

‘But if thesle repeated recommendations of so reasonable a supply, shall fail of ,the desired effect, and any ill consequences should attend it, his majesty and.his_ ministers, a British parliament, your own constituents, and the neighbouting governments will be at no loss on' whom to lay the blame.’ '

This message was also accompanied with another, dated March 31, in which the governor having referred to an ac-count to be given them by his secretary, of several matters committed to the care of one Scarroyadynan Indian chief, by the Ohio Indians, made use of it as an additional goad to the assembly, in the manner following: I


‘So much depends on the disposition and, measures of i

the Indians at this time, that I must earnestly recommend it to you to make provision for the ensuing treaty, as well as to enable me to take \proper notice of this chief, who is so hearty in our interest, and of the young men he by brought along with him, in order to be employed in some services, which, he says, are of importance to the general cause.

* ‘It will readily occur to you, that the several western Indians, who wish well to the English interest, ‘wait with impatience for the return of this chief, and will form their measures according to the report‘ which he shall make to them of our treatment of them: for which reason, it will be of‘ the last consequence, that this chief, and these young men, go from us well clothed, and perfectly well pleased.’

On the same day also, Mr. Quincy, commissioner to the province from the‘ government of Massachusetts-bay, presented a memorial to. the assembly, which containing an unquestionable testimonial‘in their favour, deserves to be inserted intire as follows, viz.

Gentlemen, ‘I am extremely sorry to find, that notwithstanding all

the motives and arguments I was able to offer his honour

the lieutenant-governor, he did not see his way clear to give his consent to the money-bill you have laid before him. ‘The cheerfulness with which you therein granted ten

\ (thousand pounds, for victualling the forces intended to march

‘ tual.

from New England to secure his majesty’s territories, leaves me no room to doubt your zeal for his majesty’s service,‘ or your hearty concurrence with the‘ government I have the honour to represent, in the measures, now proposed for our common safety; and therefore, though you are unhappily disappointed in the manner of your grant, I flatter myself you will not fail to find some other means of rendering itleffec

‘The advantages which a speedy and vigorous execution of those measures promises to all the colonies, and the mischiefs which a neglect of them will entail upon us and our posterity, are clearly pointed out, and fullyv illustrated in the

papers which have been the subject of your late delibera-I

tions. I

‘ In rendering this important service to the crown, to the

British nation, and to their fellow-subjects in the other governmens, New England ofl‘ers to spend her treasure as freely as her blood, and, were her abilities equal to her zeal, wouldas cheerfully bear the whole expence, as she undertakes the whole hazard of the enterprize. But the vast yearly charge she is subjected to, by her vicinity to the French, and the necessity of defending so extensive a frontier from the incursions of those perfidious people, and their Indians, both in time of peace and war, has so exhausted her finances, and burdened herswith such a load of debt, that, without the as

‘ sistance of the neighbouring more Wealthy colonies, she must

drop the design, however promising and glorious, as utterly impracticable. _ \

‘Happy will your province be, gentlemen, if you can still keep those dangerous people at a distance from your borders, by which you will be free from the many mischiefs we have always suffered by their neighbourhood.

‘The opportunity is now oiFered you, and, if embraced,

will, by the blessing of God, secure your future peace and


, prosperity. But whatever you do, should be determined in

stantly, for the season fliers, and a delay may be as pernicious as a refusal. '

‘ I have just received advice, that Connecticut has voted fifteen hundred men, and that even the little goxrernment of Rhode Island has granted four hundred, the v expence of

which will be more than islasked of you.‘ New York seems ,

heartily disposed to do her part; and there is reason to think that your good example may have an advantageous influence on your neighbours of New Jersey.

‘I need say no more to urge you to a speedy and effectual resolution, but conclude, with the utmost respect, gentlemen,

‘Yours, 81c.’

The rest of the day was spent in debates, as it was natural it should; but on the morrow they resolved to raise fifteen thousand pounds on the credit of the province, in the manner they had done before; that is to‘ say, five thousand pounds to repay the sum so before borrowed for victualling the king’s troops, and ten thousand pounds to answer the

request of the lVIassachusetts government, so earnestly en- ,

forced by Mr. Quincy.

Thus, one would think, they had done all that could ,be reasonably required of men: they had dropt the particular concern of the province; they had overlooked whateverwas offensive inthe governor’s messages and behaviour to them, they had forborne all altercation thereon; and Mr. Quincy, on behalf of the government he represented, presented them such a paper of acknowlegment, as abundantly verifies all that is here said of them, to wit: '

‘ Sir,

‘ The sum which this honourable assembly has granted to his majesty’s use, and appropriated for victualling the troops intended \to be marched for securing his majesty’s territories, is an instance of your concern and zeal for the public safety, which I doubt not will be highly acceptable to his majesty. And as it was made in consequence of my application to you, I beg leave to return you my grateful sense and acknowlegmen}; and to assure you, in the name and behalf

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