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province, and be suitable to the exigence of the service. And, in the doing of this, I hope you will be guided rather by the importance of the concern, than by the example of other colonies: it being found by, experience to be a. very ill-judged piece of economy to cramp an enterpri‘ze of this [nature in the article of supplies ; ‘and that whatever is given on such occasions, short of being sufficient to accomplish the ends

‘ proposed, becomes, for the most part, a waste of so much

treasure, without answering any of the purposes for which it was intended.

‘ I have at present only to add my request, that whatever you intend to do on this occasion, may receive all the dispatch the nature of the thing will admit of; the season of the year for action advancing so fast, that unless our measures be speedily taken, they will, I fear, be rendered altogether unserviceable.’ ' '

Upon the fifth, after many debates, it was resolved, by ‘a small majority, that a sum of money should be given for the king’s use; and what the sum should be, occasioned many debates more. Twenty thousand pounds being proposed on the ninth, it passed in the negative by a majority of twentyfive to eight; reduced to fifteen thousand pounds, it passed in the negative twenty-three to ten; reduced to ten thousand pounds, it passed in the negative twenty-twp to eleven; and again reduced to five thousand pounds the next day, it again passed in the negative twenty-two to ten. Those who had hitherto led the house, voting aflirgnatively; and, on the contrary, those who had hitherto voted affirmatively, going over to the remainder of the negatives. And this apparent perplexity was, in their reply to the governor’s message, thus accounted for: ‘ And we now beg leave to inform the governor, that we have had that message under our serious consideration ever since it came down to the house; but after all our debates thereupon, we find that nearly one half of the members are, for various reasons, against granting any m0ney to the king’s use at this time; and those who are for granting, differ so widely in their sentiments concerning the sum, that there seems at present no‘ possibility of their agree


ing, except in such a sum, as, in the judgment of many of them, is quite disproportionate _to the occasion: therefore, and that the members may have an opportunity of consulting their constituents on this important affair, we are now inclined to adjourn to thé thirteenth of the next month.’

According to their adjournment, the house met again, May 6, and were informed by the governor of the arrival of abody of French forces, consisting of upwards of one thousand men, before the fort building by the Virginians on the Ohio, and the surrender thereof. He also laid before them the dispatches he had severally received from governor Diuwiddie of Virginia, concerning the state of that province, and the succours he wanted and expected; and from governor Delaney of New York, concerning the interest of his majesty’s colonies in general, as well as of Pennsylvania in particular; and said, ‘he hoped they wouldbhavre their due weight with them in their deliberations and vvice.’ The proposals made by the governors of Boston and New_York for an union of the several colonies in Indian afi‘ai-rs, he then recommended to them earnestly, as agreeable to his own sentiments, and likely to be productive of more real benefit, at much less expence than the method hitherto in use of making frequent and distinct presents to the Indians, &c. And he desired to be enabled to instruct the commissioners to be sent from their province, to concur with those of the other colonies, in case a reasonable plan should be ofl'ered.

A jointhill for granting an aid to the king, and replacing torn and ragged bills of credit, was the result of their first day’s debate; and after‘ several divisions, the several sums

were settled at ten thousand pounds for the king and twenty

thousand for the other purpose.
The commons of Great Britain will not suffer a money-

bill to 'be amended: the lords may reject, his majesty may refuse his assent, but what they give, they give upon their,

own terms.

In Pennsylvania a money-bill exacted from the province, by all the considerations which could affect generous minds, or intimidate weak ones, the dread of an enemy at the gates, ,



and'of incurring both the royal displeasure and the pui odium, for not making a seasonable provision against his preaches, could not be accepted without amendments.

Even this bill, at such a crisis offered, and for such a s vice,Was returned by the governor, with amendments, p faced with a written message, of which the two follow were the most material paragraphs: viz.

‘ Considering the royal instruction laid before the assem last year, it must be apparent that I have, merely from a 1 sire to oblige you, consented to raise the money intent for his majesty’s use in the manner by you proposed. A have prolonged the currency of the bills of credit, to issued in virtue of the bill now under consideration, as l as I can think consistent with my own safety.

‘ And, a'sthe fund to be established upon the foot of 11

_proposed 7 elfinent will be more than sufficient to rep

the sum ' ted by the bill, I can see no reason for exten ing the act of excise longer than four years beyond the da of its present limitation, or for burthening the people unn cessarily with a tax that possibly may not he wanted.’

And these proposed amendments restored unanimity the house ; for, whereas they had been divided many waj in the course of the bill, they now acted with one will at one voice, in rejecting that concerning the excise, whi< manifestly took its rise from proprietary considerations on]; and for the sake of which, either the service of the publ was to be neglected, or the province to give up its unde standing—The latter exceeded the power of persuasio'i and the former they left those to answer for, to whom it b longed.

Their reply to the governor on this occasion was as fol lows: ‘the house are not inclined to enter into any dispul ‘with the governor on the subject of his proposed amend ments to the money—bill ; as the representatives of the peopl have an undoubted right to judge, and determine, not onl pf the sum to be raised for the use of the crown, but of th

manner of raising it.

‘The governor, in his message of the nineteenth of F c‘


bruary, was pleased to tell us, “ That, if the house should be of opinion that there will be a necessity to strike a farther sum in bills of credit, to defray the charges of raising sup~ plies for his'majesty’s service in this time of imminent danger, and would create a proper fund or funds, for sinking the same in a few years, he would concur with us in passing a law for that purpose, thinking himself sufiic-iently warranted so to do in cases of real emergency.”

‘ On this assurance the house have prepared a bill, and presented it to the governor, to strike the sum of ten thousand pounds, to give the same to the king’s use, and to sink it by an extension of the excise act for a farther term of ten years. The governor will be pleased to consider, that his predeces~ sor, to whom the mentioned instruction was given, did all terwards pass an act of the same kind, extending the excise act ten years (now near expired) for a grant of five thousand pounds only ;_and we never heard that he incurred the royal displeasure for so doing. As the sum we grant is double, we had no expectation that our proposing the same term would have been deemed extravagant. The governor thinks {our years suflicient; but, as the representatives are best acquainted with the circumstances of the people, and must themselves, as a part of the people, bear a share of all hurthens laid upon them, it seems not reasonable to suppose they will lay such burthens unnecessarily. They now offer ten thousand pounds to the crown, and propose a manner of raising it, that they judge most easy and convenient for the people they represent: and, if the} governor thinks fit to refuse it, merely from an opinion'that a shorter term for sink— ing the bills would be more'easy for the people, we cannot but suppose, that, since the messages in which he so warmly recommended thisia'lliair to us, he has, on farther advices, or better consideration, changed his sentiments of the importance of the present occasion for supplies, and doth not now thinlc' the danger so imminent, or the emergency so great or so real, as he, then apprehended it to be.’ in

They also intimated at the same time, that, it being inconvenient season for the. members to be absent from their


respective homes, they desired the governor to let them know his result as soon as possible. /

And upon the next day but one this result came, and proved to be of a nature altogether extraordinary. Having charged the assembly with laying down a position in their last message, derogatory to the rights of government; in maintaining, that the representatives of the people have an undoubted right to judge and determine, not only of the sum to be raised for the use of the crown but of the manner of raising of it, he first acknowledges that right, and then whittles it away, by arguing, it was not an exclusive right; one half of the legislative powers being vested in the governor. After which he goes on to say, that he had neither objected to the sum, though he wished it had been larger and more seasonably granted, nor to the manner of raising it, though he could have also wished it had not been by compelling him to depart from the letter of his majesty’s instruction, but only to the extension of the fund, whereby the money is proposed ‘to be repaid, to an unnecessary length, by which atax was to be laid and continued upon the people without the least apparent necessity: and that he was sorry to find, they were not satisfied with a fund by which the ten thousand pounds granted to his majesty would be repaid in the easiest manner in six years, and leave a surplus of several thousand pounds in their hands to be disposed of as they thought fit; and that, for the said ten thousand pounds so granted, they were desirous of obtaining inore than three times the sum for them— selves: that the example of any former governor was not to be a rule for him: but that, however, if they would inlarge

A the sum given for his majesty’s use, he would extend the tithe for repaying it in the same proportion already allowed in his amendment, which he should'nnot otherwise recede

from; that it was possible more might be concealed under this solicitude for so long an extension of the excise than they wereiwilling should be discoveredz-Q-zmd here a‘paragrafi occurs, which does indeed make a discovery, and which will-‘The of singular use to the intelligent reader through the whole course of the controversy, viz. ‘It is well known,


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