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lonies, though the several governors, in pursuance of the? king’s command, had made the necessary requisitions of their several assemblies, and they were equally bound by all the ties of general interest. They also superadded the regard due to the scruples of those conscientiously principled against war, yet deeply sensible of the blessings they enjoycd, and willing to demonstrate their duty and loyalty, by giving such occasional sums of money for the king’s use, as might be reasonably expected from so young a colony; took notice they had vcontracted a debt of fourteen hundred pounds for presents to the Indians,‘ and other charges arising from the late treaty, which they should cheerfully discharge, though their proprietaries had refused to contribute any part of their Indian expences ; agreed to send commis~ sioners to Albany, as required, though the place was so remote, and to defray the expence, 8m.

The difliculty thus retorted on the governor, and his resentment it must be supposed quickened thereby, he takes up the minutes of the last day’s sessions of the last assem~ bly, and under the pretence of justifying his own character,revives the old controversy concerning the paper-money in~ structions, by a long and angry paper sent to the house March 1 ; and, forgetting what he had formerly said in the following paragraph, “ I do not blame you, gentlemen, for contending for what you are persuaded are your rights and privileges, and consequently can have no objection to your examining the validity of the king’s instructions ;’ flames out as follows, V‘Had I been an enemy to the liberties and privileges of the people, or been desirous of gratifying my own passions at their expence, it must be confessed you have fur’ nished me with the fairest occasion a governor so disposed could possibly have wished for. For example, you have voted a clause, proposed to be added to your bill by his majesty’s Express direction, at the request of his two houses of parlia“ ment, to be destructive to. the liberties of the people of this province, 8m. and have even threatened to examine the validity of the king’s instruction, if, by a perseverance in my °pinion, I laid you under the necessity of doing it. What

is this less than declaring, that the lords and commons, : his majesty’s privy council, consisting, among others, of most eminent lawyers in Great Britain, have requested, : his majesty enjoined, an act‘ directly contrary to law 3’

And e concludes with making a merit to the provinct the moderation he had shewn, in suppressing his/Sense the provocations then offered to him, in hopespf a more< passionate behaviour for the future. _

The very next day this paper was followed by anot more immediately in point: the governor, therein, und taking first to defend his negative, and the use he had m: of it; and, secondly, so to turn the tables on the asseml that all the Wrong should be on their side, and all the ri; on his own.

The use made of the diii‘erent language used by the sec tary of state and him, he calls an evasion; and what tl ought not, in point of duty, to have taken any advantage He then declares he has undoubted assurance, that part his niajesty’s dominions, within his government was, at t1 time, invaded by the subjects 'of a foreign prince, who i erected forts within the same; and requiresthem to te notice, that he did then call upon them, pursuant to his 11 jesty’s orders, in the present emergency to grant such SI plies as might enable him to‘ draw forth the armed'force the province, gre- 7 He then undertook to prove; that 1 place where the French had then their head-quarters it within the limits of the province; andtells them, that he did not communicate materials before to assist th‘ enquiries into this fact, so neither had they applied him for them; that if [they had enquired for themseh and suppressed the truth, it was extremely disingenuous; not, their neglect could be imputed to no other cause that desire to have a plausible excuse for not paying a proper 1 gard to his majesty’s commands; that even on account

, the scruples urged, he had lookedon governor Dinwiddii

requisition as a very lucky circumstance; seeing, that al quisition from himself would have set the ‘province in t front of the opposition; and a refusal fromthem, W0u a

t have exposed it to the contempt and derision, as well of the

French as our Indian allies; that as the French avow these hostilities, so the Indians, menaced by them, most earnestly besought us, to build places‘ of refuge, to which their wives

, and children might repair for safety, and also to assist them

against their enemies; that instead of being governed by the example of the neighbouring colonies, nothing remained but to give the necessary supplies, and thereby set the example to them, this province having been first invaded and conse‘ quently in the most immediate danger; that without this, they could neither keep their treaties with the Indians, nor demonstrate their duty and loyalty to his majesty; that having now done his duty, whatever ill consequences might happen, were to be laid at'their door; that with regard to the refusal of the proprietaries, to contribute any part of their Indian expences, it was true, they had refused to do it in the manner expected, and they had given their reasons; but that the proposal made by him, the governor, by their order, in the year 1750 and 1751, in regard to the building a strong trading house near the place then invaded and possessed by the French, could not be forgot; which generous oflF'erB had the assembly thought fit to close with, it might, at asmall expence, have prevented all the mischiefs impending, and secured a country to the English, which probably might not be recovered without a heavy charge, and the loss of

many lives.
Whether the hostilities committed by the French were or

were not committed within the bounds of Pennsylvania, became the great question.---The ‘assembly called for evidence; the governor imparted all he could collect; and, after astrict examination of the premises, the assembly chose only to glance at the inflammatories thrown in their way, and to profess their readiness to concur with the governor in whatever might preserve the harmony between the several branches of the legislature, so necessary at all times and especially at a

a See the assembly’s answer to this charge hereafter, in the time ofgn

vcrnor Morris.

crisis so important, so far as the preservation of their rights, and the duty they owed their constituents would permit. Not’departing, however, from their former sentiments, nor admitting any one of the articles laid against them ; but, on the contrary, maintaining, that the secretary of state’s letter could ‘be the only rule of their conduct; and tacitly upbraiding the governor for having suddenly altered the whole connection between Pennsylvania and Virginia, in consequence of such supposedmisconduct of theirs: and concluding their replication in these words: ‘ as governor Dinwiddie had laid before his assembly the Earl of Holdernesse’s letter, sent, as we presume, in the same terms to all the colonies on the con

tinent, {we judged it most prudent to wait till the assembly of that government had enabled him to act in obedience to the royal commands, especially as they had that letter under their consideration from the first of November last, as appears by the journal of their house of 'burgesses now before us; but we are now called upon as principals, and the governor is

pleased to inform us, that he has undoubted assurance‘, that

part of his majesty’s dominions within this government is at

this time invaded by the subjects of a foreign Prince, who

have erected forts within the same; and calls upon us, put’

suant to his majesty’s orders in the present emergency, to

grant such supplies as may enable him to resist those hostile

attempts, and repel force by force: but, as it appears to us

that the governor is enjoined by the royal orders, not to act

as a principal beyond the undoubtedlirnits of his government;

and as, by the papers and evidences sent down and referred

to by the governor, those limits have not been clearly QSCCI'“

tained to our satisfaction; we fear the altering our connec

tions with his majesty’s colony of Virginia, and the precipi

tate call upon us, as the province invaded, cannot answer any

good purpose at this time, and therefore we are now inclined

to make a short adjournment.’

The adjournment they proposed was to the sixth of May; and, before they broke up, the governor again addressed them with another message, in which he also affected 10 wave several things personal to himself, which, at another


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fime, he might havé thought it incumbent on him to take notice of; and proceeded to tell them, thathad they exa— mined with their usual accuracy the gentlemen, who by‘his appointment attended their house, and compared their testimony with the written papers at, several times communicated to them, he thought it would have appeared so clear to them, that the French had lately erected one or more forts far within the limits of the province, that nothing less than an actual men, suration could have made it more evident; that even taking it for granted, however, the forementioned'incroachments were not within the said limits, yet he, having been informed by’the governor of Virginia, thatrhostile attempts had been made on part of his majesty’s dominions, and called upon him for the assistance of this province, it was equally their duty, to grant such supplies as the present exigency of affairs required; and, that he could not but be apprehensive,~ . that so long an adjournment would frustrate his majesty’s just expectations from them.

This message was dated March 9, and April 2 we find them sitting by his special summons again: the occasion of which was the next day explained in the usual way by message, as follows: ‘I am now to acquaint you, gentlemen, that since your adjournment, I have received from governor Dinwiddie, the several papers herewith ,laid before you; by which it will appear, that he ‘is taking all imaginable pains I for the security of his majesty’s dominions, so far as the provision made by his assembly will permit him to act; and I he is very impatient to know the issue of your deliberations on this subject. I cannot therefore doubt but, that agreea-F ble to the profession in your message of the twenty-seventh of February, “ of being ready and willing to demonstrate your duty and loyalty, by giving such sums of money to the king’s use, upon all suitable occasiohs, as may consist with your circumstances, or can reasonably be expected from this province ;” I say I cannot doubt but you will, with the great~ est alacrity, lay hold on the 'present opportunity of evincing the sincerity of those professions, by granting such an aid to

is majesty, as may comport with the circumstances of the

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