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world can give him so much pleasure as to see (his subjects) a flourishing and happy people; and neither claim, nor desire, other or greater privileges than those we have a right to, under the grant of his royal predecessors, we can have nothing to fear from a king ‘and a British parliament, and, as it is our duty to defend these in the best manner we are able, in the faithful discharge of so high a trust, we shall have the satisfaction of our own minds, and, we hope, the countenance of all good men, notwithstanding the governor’s opinion, that the charge made against this province (among other charter provinces) by the board of trade, is not much to our advan
that the governor might pass the law in question, or any other law, Consistent with the royal charter, without the least ap— prehension of his majesty’s displeasure, they finally suggest, that it must be not only a loss of time to the representatives, but a great expence to the country, to prepare bills for the governor’s assent, which he was bound by private instructions from the proprietaries not to pass.
Unanimously this report was approved of; and yet, from a principle of moderation we must presume, it was left to be reconsidered by the next assembly; as also Was another report, received the same day fromv,the committee, appointed
“to draw up a reply to the paper last transmitted from the
proprietaries, of which, as a debt both of honour and justice to the province, some account is now to be given. _
Sixteen sections or paragraphs, it must be recollected, that paper was composed of ; and one by one they are severally considered, acknowledged or refused.
The declaration contained in the first is acknowledged to be a noble one, and worthy the rank held by the proprietaries: the insinuation in the second is declared to be not only ground‘ less but also injurious; the assembly, instead of opposing the proprietary interest, having consulted that interest,‘ even in the very point in question, if it was consistent with their interest to have a good understanding with the people; to obtain which a method was proposed; t9 the intimation conv
And having before declared their persuasion or assurance, tained in the third, that after they had ordered their governor to give the answer which he did to the former application, they had no reason to expect a repetition directly to themselves, Szc. it was replied, that repetitions, when they are supported with new reasons, and contain answers to those given for refusing the request that had been made, are justifiable in all cases, except where the persons applied to were sure to be infallibly right, or incapable of hearing reason: to the fourth, containing the opinion of the lords of trade, concerning the obligations incumbent on the proprietaries as chief governors, to pay a part of public charges, the com— mittee say, that the house did not require their contribution as governors but as proprietaries ; which was according ‘to William Penn’s own distinction formerly made ; and considering them, as in the same paragraph is afterwards clone, to be the wealthiest inhabitants of the province, it follows undeniably, that such their contributions were therefore due to the province in proportion to their substance in it: in their answer to the fifth, they both combat with and complain of a misrepresentation contained in it, as a thing unworthy the dignity of the proprietaries and chief governors of a province, urging, that they did not assert, purchases were made directly with the people’s money; but only, that they were made on the more reasonable terms, because of the provincial presents attending‘ them; and that this was advanced as an additional reason why the proprietaries should hear, at least, a proportional part of the expence of such presents ; sharing in the first place, as they did, in the good from these treaties resulting to the whole,‘ and ingrossing, over and above, a very considerable advantage to themselves.’
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T o the sixth, which insinuates, that the people are able enough to pay these expences without the assistance of the proprietaries, they retort most nnanswerably, that because they are able to pay, it does not follow, that, therefore, they are obliged to pay unjustly; as also, that they, the proprietaries, are as able as themselves, and asking, why that reaSon,which, it was plain, was not sufficient to induce them to pay 21 part, should be held of fore-e enough with the people
to induce them to pay the whole? after which they declare the charge against them in the said paragraph of aiming to captivate the weakest of the people, &c. to be an absolute mistake, unsupported with the least degree of probability, the proprietaries not having had any formidable share in the people’s esteem for many years past, nor the supposed address to the people made, nor the representation itself published, nor even the votes on which it was founded, till after the election was over, 81c.
Upon the seventh, concerning the expediency of shewing a due regard to the proprietaries and ‘their interest, they comment as follows, ‘that is, as we understand it, though the proprietaries have a deputy here, supported by the province, who is, or ought to be fully empowered to pass all laws, necessary for the service of the country, yet, before we can obtain such laws, we must facilitate their passage, by paying money for the proprietaries which they ought to lay; ‘or, in some other shape make it their particular interest to pass them: we hope, however, that,’ if this practice has ever been begun it will never be continued in this province ;.
and that since, as this very paragraph allows, We have an .
undoubted right to such laws, we shall be always able to obtain them from the goodness of our sovereign, without going to market for them to a subject.’—-They afterwards
, expatiate on the word rank as applied hy the proprietaries
to themselves in the same paragraph; concerning which they say, "we cannot find on perusing the representation in question, that it contains any treatmentnnsuitable to their rank. The resolve of the house was, that to prevent dissatisfactions on all sides, they‘ should be requested,in the most reasonable and most respectful manner, to agreeupon a proportion of Indian charges to be paid by them and the province according to justice: and it may be submitted to the judgment of all impartial persons, whether the representation drawn in pursuance of the resolve, was not both reasonable in itself and respectful in the manner. It was not, as the proprietarics represent it, an address to thepublic. It is not to this day made public- It was a private application to themselves,
transmitted to them through the hands of their governor. Their true interest (which they will always find to consist in just, equitable, and generous measures, and in securing the affections of their people) was consulted in it, and one suitable means proposed to obtain that end—As to rank, the proprietaries may remember, that the crown has likewise been pleased to give the assemblies of this province a rank; arank which they hold, not by hereditary descent, but as they are the voluntary choice of a free people, unbribed, and even unsolicited: but they are sensible that true respect is not necessarily connected with rank, and that it is only from a course of action'suitable to that rank they can hope to obtain it.’ \
Coming then to the eighth, they express their surprize at the concern affected by the proprietaries, on their being, as they say, laid under a necessity of acquainting the public with a state of the provincial revenue, the said revenue being annually settled, stated, printed, and published by the as— sembly, and having 50 been for thirty years past: adding, that whatever reasons the proprietaries might have to make a secret of their revenue, the province had none.—The manner in which the proprietaries reason concerning taxes they object to in the next place, as inaccurate and inconclusive: asserting, that taxes, how reasonably soever imposed or willingly paid, are, nevertheless, taxes: that all taxes ought upon the whole, to produce more good to those who pay them, than the same sum left at their own disposal, in which case they are no burden, 81c. and concluding thus ; after estimating our whole present revenue, as if it had been the same for twenty years past, and would certainly continue, though the proprietaries know it depends on temporary acts near expiring, the renewal of which is at best dubious, they conclude that four hundred pounds a year, for Indian expences, is a small sum, and that we are under no necessity of
being frugal, on this account, of the public money- This four \
hundred a year is the sum that they find has been paid on an
average for twenty years past, and they take no notice of its
being a growing charge, and that for the four last years before P
the representation, it amounted to nearly twelve hundred a year, which we conceive disinterested persons will think a very large sum: and although the same excise might have been raised, if not half that money had been expended, it does not seem to us‘ to follow, that the proprietaries ought not to have paid their just proportion of it; if the sum be small, their proportion of it must have been smaller: and the money so saved might have been applied to some other use, beneficial to the public; or have remained ready in the treasury for ‘any emergency.’
In return to the ninth they say, the people of Pennsylvania
~pay, proportionably,‘ as much towards the support of his ma' jesty’s government, in the shape of duties and excise, as the
proprietary family, or any other subjects; indeed as much as an infant colony can bear; and more they hoped and believed the justice of a British parliament would never burden them with: adding, ‘the proprietaries exemption was not published till now at their own instance, it was made use of as a private motive to themselves only in the representation.’ - ~~~I
To the tenth, which regards the Indian interpreter, among other things equally pertinent, they say, ‘ we suppose the instance alluded to, wherein the assembly did not fully satisfy
‘him, must have been such as the proprietaries were concern
ed in by the purchase of lands; and a part might be accordingly left for them to pay.’—-And for themselves and allother assemblies, they declare their hope and belief, that no service from the proprietaries to the‘ province, will ever he suffered to pass without grateful acknowledgments and proper returns. \ . Of the proprietary right to a monopoly of land, whether from the crown or assembly, they, in answer to the eleventh
article, wave all dispute; it being every way conclusive alike, ‘
‘that those in whose favour such monopoly was created, ought, at least, to bear a part of the expence necessary to secure them the full benefit of it.’ _
Lastly, having already given the concluding five articles of the proprietary paper in the intire, it is but reasonable to subjoin the intire answers, which were as follow. T0 with