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UNDERTAKEN BY THE ORDER OF
HIS PRESENT MAJESTY,
Discoveries in the Southern Hemisphere,
AND SUCCESSIVELY PERFORMED BY
In the DOLPHIN, the SWALLOW, and the ENDEAVOUR:
Drawn up from the JOURNALS which were kept by the several
BY JOHN HAWKESWORTH, L. L. D.
TO WHICH IS ADDED
A VOYAGE to the NORTH POLE,
IN TWO VOLUMES.
Illuftrated with CHARTS and elegant COPPER-PLATES.
Printed for JAMES WILLIAMS, No. 21, Skinner-row,
M DCC LXXV.
FTER the great improvements that have been made in Navigation fince the discovery of America, it may well be thought ftrange, that a very confiderable part of the globe on which we live should still have remained unknown; that it fhould ftill have been the fubject of speculation, whether a great portion of the Southern Hemisphere is land or water; and, even where land had been discovered, that neither its extent nor figure fhould have been afcertained. But the caufe has probably been, that fovereign Princes have feldom any other motive for attempting the discovery of new countries than to conquer them; that the advantages of conquering countries which must first be discovered are remote and uncertain, and that ambition has always found objects nearer home.
It is the diftinguishing characteristic of Your Majefty to act from more liberal motives; and having the best fleet, and the bravest as well as moft