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success. We were, therefore, now busily employed in 1769.

May. preparing our instruments, and instructing such gentlemen in the use of them as I intended to send out. On Thursday. the ist of June, the Saturday follow-m, June,

Thurf. s. ing being the day of the Transit, I dispatched Mr. Gore in the long-boat to Imao, with Mr. Monkhouse and Mr. Sporing, a gentleman belonging to Mr. Banks, Mr. Green having furnished them with proper instruments. Mr. Banks himself thought fit to go upon this expedition, and several natives, particularly Tubourai 'Tamaide and Tomio, were also of the party. Very early on the Friday morning, I sent Mr. Hicks, with Mr. Clerk and Mr. Petersgill, the Master's Mates, and Mr. Saunders, one of the Midshipmen, in the pinnace to the eastward, with orders to fix on some convenient spot, at a distance from our principal observatory, where they also might employ the instruments with which they had been furnished for the same purpose.

The long-boat not having been got ready till Thurfday in the afternoon, though all possible expedition was used to fit her out, the people on board, after having rowed most part of the night, brought her to a grappling just under the land of Imao. Soon after daybreak, they saw an Indian canoe, which they hailed, Friday 2. and the people on board shewed them an inlet through the reef into which they pulled, and soon fixed upon a coral rock, which rose out of the water about one hundred and fifty yards from the shore, as a proper fituation for their observatory : it was about eighty yards long and twenty broad, and in the middle of it was a bed of white sand, large enough for the tents to stand upon. Mr. Gore and his assistants immediately began to set them up, and make other neceflary preparations for the important business of the next day. While this was doing, Mr. Banks, with the Indians ef Otaheite, and the people whom they had met in the canoe, went a shore upon the main island, to buy provisions ; of which he procured a sufficient supply before night. When he returned to the rock, he found the observatory in order, and the telescopes all fixed and tried. The evening was very fine, yet their fo. licitude did not permit them to take much rest in the night: one or other of them was up ezery half hour,

who

176g Jone.

Satur. 3.

who fatisfied the impatience of the rest by reporting the changes of the sky; now encouraging their hope by telling them that it was clear, and now alarming their fears by an account that it was házy.

At day-break they got up, and had the fatisfaction to see the fun rise, without a cloud. Mr. Banks then, wishing the observers, Mr. Gore and Mr. Monkhouse, fuccess, repaired again to the island, that he might examine its produce, and get a frefh supply of provisions : he began by trading with the natives, for which purpose he took his station under a tree; and to keep them from pressing upon him in a crowd, he drew a circle round him, which he suffered none of them to enter.

About eight o'clock, he saw two canoes coming towards the place, and was given to understand by the people about him, that they belonged to TARRAO, the King of the island, who was coming to make him a visit. As soon as the canoes came near the shore, the people made a lane from the beach to the trading-place, and his majesty landed, with his fifter, whose name was NUNA ; as they advanced towards the tree where Mr. Banks stood, he went out to meet them, and, with great formality, introduced them into the circle from which the other natives had been excluded. As it is the custom of these people to fit during all their conferences, Mr. Banks unwrapped a kind of Turban of Indian cloth, which he wore upon his head instead of a hat, and Spreading it upon the ground, they all fat down upon it together. The royal present was then brought, which consisted of a hog and a dog, some bread-fruit, cocoa-nuts, and other articles of the like kind. Mr. Banks then dispatched a canoe to the obfervatory for his present, and the messengers foon returned with an adze, a shirt and fome beads, which were presented to his Majesty, and received with great satisfaction.

By this time, Tubourai Tamaide and Tomiojoined them, from the observatory. Tomio said, that she was related to Tarro, and brought him a present of a long nail, at the same time complimenting Nuna with a shirt.

The first internal contact of the planet with the sun being over, Mr. Banks returned to the observatory, taking Tarrao, Nuna and some of their principal attendants, among whom were three very hand ome young women, with him: he shewed them the planet Jant.

young actions

1769. upon the sun, and endeavoured to make them onderstand that he and his companions had come from their own country on purpose to see it. Soon after Mr. Banks returned with them to the island, where he spent the rest of the day in examining its produce, which he found to be much the same with that of Otaheite. The people whom he saw there also exactly resembled the inhabitants of that ifland, and many

of them were perfons whom he had feen upon it ; fo 'that all those whom he had dealt with, knew of what his trading articles confifted, and the value they bore.

The next morning, having Itruck the tents, they fet Sunday 4out on their return, and arrived at the fort before night.

The observation was made with equal success by the persons whom I had sert to the eastward, and at the fort, there 'not being a cloud in the sky from the rising to the setting of the sun, the whole paffage of the planet Venus over the sun's disk was observed with great advantage by Mr. Green, Dr. Solander, and myself ; Mr. Green's telescope and mine were of the fame magnifying power, but that of Dr. Solander was greater. We all saw an atmosphere or dusky cloud round the body of the planet, which very much difturbed the times of contact, especially of the internal ones ; and we differed from each other in our accounts of the times of the contacts much more than might have been expected. According to Mr. Green,

The first external contact, or first

ap-Hours.

rs. Min.Sec.
pearance of Venus on the Sun, was

9 25 42
The first internal contact or total
immersion, was

9 44 4

Morning

The second internal contact, or be

ginning of the emersion,
The second external contact, or total

emersion

3 14 8

Afternoon.

3 32 10

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The latitude of the observatory was found to be 172
29' 15" and the longitude 149° 32 30" W. of Green-
wich. A more particular account will appear by the
tables, for which the reader is referred to the Trans-

176g. Jode.

Satur. 3

who fatisfied the impatience of the rest by reporting the changes of the sky; now encouraging their hope by telling them that it was clear, and now alarming their fears by an account that it was hazy.

At day-break they got up, and had the fatisfaction to fee the sun rise, without a cloud. Mr. Banks then, wishing the observers, Mr. Gore and Mr. Monkhouse, fuccess, repaired again to the ifland, that he might examine its produce, and get a frefh supply of provisions : he began by trading with the natives, for which purpose he took his ftation under a tree ; and to keep them from pressing upon him in a crowd, he drew a circle roun him, which he suffered none of them to enter.

About eight o'clock, he saw two canoes coming to wards the place, and was given to understand by tht people about him, that they belonged to TARRAO, the King of the island, who was coming to make him a visi As soon as the canoes came near the shore, the peop made a lane from the beach to the trading-place, and F majefty landed, with his fifter, whose name " NUNA; as they advanced towards the tree where Banks stood, he went out to meet them, and, with. formality, introduced them into the circle froni the other natives had been excluded. As it is the of these people to fit during all their conferenc Banks unwrapped a kind of Turban of Indi. which he wore upon his head instead of a fpreading it upon the ground, they all fat d it together. The royal present was the which consisted of a hog and a dog, some cocoa-nuts, and other articles of the like! Banks then dispatched a canoe to the obfer his present, and the messengers soon return adze, a shirt and fome beads, which were pi his Majesty, and received with great satisfact

By this time, Tubourai Tamaide and TCI ed them, from the observatory. Tomio faid, was related to Tarro, and brought him a presento nail, at the fame time complimenting Nana with a

The first internal contact of the planet with tie being over, Mr. Banks returned to the observa taking Tarrao, Nuna and some of their princip tendants, among whom were three very han.

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