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1769. April.

iland. I was myself on board the fip, but Mr. Mollineux, our master, who was one of those that made the last voyage in the Dolphin, went on shore. As soon as he entered Mr. Banks's tent he fixed his eyes upon one of the women, who was sitting there with great composure among the reft, and immediately declared her to be the person who at that time was supposed to be Queen of the island ; she also, at the same time, acknowledged him to be one of the strangers whom she had seen before. The attention of all present was now diverted from every other object, and wholly engaged in confidering a perfon who had made so dirtinguished a figure in the accounts that had been given of this island by its first discoverers, and we loon learnit that her name was OBERE A. She seemed to be about forty years of age, and was not only tall, but of a large make; her skin was white, and there was an uncommon intelligence and sensibility in her eyes : lhe appeared to have been handsome when she was young, but at this time little more than memorials of her heauty were left.

As soon as her quality was known, an offer was made to conduct her to the thip. Of this the readily accepted, and came on board with two men and feveral women, who seemed to be all of her family. I received her with such marks of diftin&ion as I thought would gratify her moft, and was not sparing of may presents, among which this august personage seemed particularly delighted with a child's doll. After some time spent on board, I attended her back to the shore ; and as soon as we landed she presented me with a hog, and several bunches of plantains, which she caused to be carried from her canoes up to the fort in a kind of procession, of which she and myself brought up the rear. In our wa to the fort we met Tootahah, who, though not King, appeared to be at this time invested with the fovereign authority: he seemed not to be well pleased with the distinction that was thewed the lady, and became so jealous when the produced her doll, that to propitiate him it was thought proper to compliment him with another. At this time he thought fit to prefer a doll to a hatchet; but this preference arose only from a childish jealousy, which could not be foothed but by a VOL. I.




. gift of exa&tly the same kind with that which had been 1769.

presented to Oberea ; for dolls in a very short time were universally considered as trifles of no value.

The men who had visited us from time to time had, without scruple, eaten of our provisions ; but the women had never yet been prevailed on to taste a morsel. To-day, however, though they refused the most preffing folicitations to dine with the Gentlemen, they afterwards retired to the servants apartment, and eat of plantains very heartily; a mystery of female ceconomy here, which none of us could explain.

On the 29th, not very early in the forėnoon, Mr. Banks went to pay his court to Oberea, and was told that she was still asleep under the awning of her canoe: thither therefore he went, intending to call her up, a liberty which he thought he might take, without any danger of giving offence : but, upon looking into her chamber, to his great astonishment he found her in bed with a handsome young fellow about five and twenty, whose name was OBADE'E : he retreated with some haste and confusion, but was soon made to understand, that such amours gave no occasion to scandal, and that Obadée was universally known to have been selected by her as the object of her private favours. The lady being too polite to suffer Mr. Banks to wait long in her antichamber, drefled herself with more than usual expedition, and, as a token of special grace, clothed him in a suit of fine cloth, and proceeded with him to the tents. In the evening Mr. Banks paid a visit to Tubourai Tamaide, as he had often done before, by candle light, and was equally grieved and surprized to find him and his family in a melancholy mood, and most of them in tears: he endeavoured in vain to discover the cause, and therefore his stay among them was but short. When he reported this circumstance to the officers of the fort, they recollected that Owhaw had foretold, that in four days we should fire our great guns; and as this was the eve of the third day, the situation in which Tubourai Tamaide and his family had been found, had alarmed them. The centries therefore were doubled at the fort, and the Gentlemen slept under arms; at two in the morning, Mr. Banks himself went round the point, but found every thing so quiet, that he gave up all



suspicions of mischief intended by the natives as ground- 1769.

April. less. We had however another source of security; our little fortification was now complete. The north and fouth sides consisted of a bank of earth four feet and a half high on the inside, and a ditch without ten feet broad and six deep; on the west side, facing the bay, there was a bank of earth four feet high, and pallisadoes upon that, but no ditch, the works here being at highwater mark; on the east side, upon the bank of the river, was placed a double row of water casks, filled with water; and as this was the weakest side, the two four pounders were planted there, and fix swivel guns were mounted so as to command the only two avenues from the woods. Our garrison consisted of about five and forty men with small arms, including the officers, and the gentlemen who resided on shore ; and our centinels were as well relieved as in the best regulated · frontier in Europe.

We continued our vigilance the next day, though we had no particular reason to think it necessary ; but about ten o'clock in the morning, Tomio came run; ning to the tents, with a mixture of grief and fear in her countenance, and taking Mr. Banks, to whom they applied in every emergency and distress, by the arm, intimated that Tubourai Tamaide was dying, in consequence of something which our people had given him to eat, and that he must instantly go with her to his house. Mr. Banks set out without delay, and found his Indian friend leaning his head against a post, in an attitude of the utmost languor and despondency; the people about him intimated that he had been vomiting, and brought a leaf folded up with great care, which they said contained some of the poison, by the deleterious effects of which he was now dying. Mr. Banks haftily opened the leaf, and upon examining its contents found them to be no other than a chew of tobacco, which the chief had begged from some of our people, and which they had indiscreetly given him: he had observed that they kept it long in the mouth, and being desirous of doing the same, he had chewed it to powder, and fwallowed the spittle. During the examination of the leaf and its contents, he looked up at Mr. Banks with the most piteous aspect, and intimated that he had


Gg 2.

1769. April.

but a very short time to live. Mr. Banks, however, being now master of his difease, dire&ted him to drink plentifully of cocoa-riut milk, which in a short time put an end to his fickness and apprehensions, and he spent the day at the fort with that uncommon fow of cheërfulnefs and good-humour, which is always produced by a sudden and unexpected relief from pain either of body or mind.

Captain Wallis having brought home one of the adżés which thefe people, having no metal of any kind, make of stone, Mr. Stevens, the Secretary to the Admiralty, procured one to be made of iron in imitation of it, which I brought out with me, to shew how much we excelled in making tools after their own fashion: this I had not yet produced, as it never happened to come into my mind. But on the first of May, Tootahah coming on board about ten o'clock in the forenoon, expressed a great curiosity to see the contents of every chest and drawer that was in my cabbin; as I always made a point of grátifying him, I opened them immediately, and having taken a fancy to many things that he law, and collected them together, he at last happened to cast his eyes upon this adze ; he instantly fnatched it up with the greatest eagerness, and putting away every thing which he had before felected, he asked me whether I would let him have that : I readily confented ; and, as if he was afraid I should repent, he carried it off immediately in a transport of joy, without making any other request, which, whatever had been our liberality, was feldom the cafe.

About noon a Chief, who had dined with me a feix days before, accompanied by some of his women, came on board alone : I had observed that he was fed by hiswomen, but I made no doubt, that upon occasion he would condescend to feed himself : in this, however, I found myself mistaken. When my noble guest was feated, and the dinner upon the table, I helped him to fome victuals: as I observed that he did not immediately begin his meal, I pressed him to eat : but he ftill continued to fit motionless like a ftatue, without attempting to put a single morsel into his mouth, and would certainly have gone without his dinner, if one of the fervants had not fed him.


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The Observatory fet up ; the Quadrant stolen, and Con

fequences of the Theft : A visit to Totabah : Description of a Wrestling-match : European Seeds sown : Names given to our People by the Indians.


N the afternoon of Monday the ift of May, we set 2769. up the observatory, and took the astronomical qua

May. drant, with some other instruments on shore, for the

Monday 1. first time.

The next morning, about nine o'clock, I went on Tuesday 2. Thore with Mr. Green to fix the quadrant in a situation for use, when to our inexpreflible surprize and concern, it was net to be found. It had been deposited in the tent which was reserved for my use, where, as I passed the night on board, nobody flept: it had never been taken out of the packing-case, which was eighteen inches square, and the whole was of considerable weight ; a sentine had been posted the whole night within five yards of the tent door, and none of the other inftruments were missing. We at first suspected that it might have been stolen by some of our own people, who seeing a deal box, and not knowing the contents, might think it contained nails, or some other subjects of traffic with the natives. A large reward was therefore offered to any one who could find it, as, without this, we could not perform the fervice for which our voyage was principally undertaken. Our search in the mean time was not confined to the fort and the places adjacent, but as the cafe might possibly have been carried back to the ship, if any of our people had been the thieves, the most diligent search was made for it on board; all the parties however returned without any news of the quadrant. Mr. Banks, therefore, who upon such occasions declined neither labour nor risk, and who had more influence over the Indians than any of us, determined to go in search of it into the woods; he hoped that if it had been stolen by the natives, he should find it wherever they opened the box, as they would immediately discover that to them it would be wholly useless : or, if in this case he should be disappointed, that he might recover it by the ascendency he


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