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immediately understand; at length we guessed that they 1769wished these symbols should be placed in some conspi
April. cuous part of the ship ; we, therefore, immediately stuck them among the rigging, at which they expressed the greatest satisfaction. We then purchased their cargoes, consisting of cocoa-nuts, and various kinds of fruit, which after our long voyage were very acceptable.
We stood on with an easy fail all night, with sound.ings from 22 fathoms to 12, and about seven o'clock in the morning we came to anchor in 13 fathoms, in Thursd. 13Port-royal bay, called by the natives Matavai. We were immediately surrounded by the natives in their canoes, who gave us cocoa-nuts, fruit resembling apples, bread-fruit, and some small filhes, in exchange for beads and other trifles. They had with them a pig, which they would not part with for any thing but a hatchet, and therefore we refused to purchase it; because, if them a hatchet for a pig now, we knew they would never afterwards fell one for less, and we could not afford to buy as many as it was probable we should want at that price. The bread-fruit grows on a tree that is about the size of a middling oak: its leaves are frequently a foot and an half long, of an oblong shape, deeply sinuated like those of the fig-tree, which they resemble in consistence and colour, and in the exuding of a white milky juice upon being broken. The fruit is about the size and shape of a child's head, and the surface is reticulated not much unlike a truffle : it is covered with a thin skin, and has a core about as big as the handle of a small knife; the eatable part lies between the skin and the core; it is as white as snow, and somewhat of the consistence of new bread : it must be roasted before it is eaten, being first divided into three or four parts: its taste is insipid, with a slight sweetness fomewhat resembling that of the crumb of wheaien-bread mixed with a Jerusalem artichoke.
Among oihers who came off to the ship was an elderly man, whose name, as we learnt afterwards, was OwHAW, and who was immediately known to Mr. Gore, and several others who had been here with Captain Wallis; as I was informed that he had been very useful to them, I took him on board the thip with
some others, and was particularly attentive to gratify him, as I hoped he might also be useful to us.
As our stay here was not likely to be very short, and as it was necessary that the merchandise which we had brought for traffic with the natives should not diminish in its value, which it would certainly have done, if every person had been left at liberty to give what he pleased for such things as he should purchase ; at the fame time that confusion and quarrels must necessarily have arisen from there being no standard at market : I drew up the following ru'es, and ordered that they should be punctually observed.
Rules to be observed by every person in or belonging to his
Majesty's Bark the Endeavour, for the better establishing a regular and uniform trade for provison, &c. with the inhabitants of George's Ifand.
“!. To endeavour, by every fair means, to culti« vate a friendship with the natives; and to treat them 6 with all imaginable humanity.
“ II. A proper person, or persons, will be appoint“ed to trade with the natives for all manner of provi- fions, fruit, and other productions of the earth; « and no officer or seaman, or other person belonging “ to the ship, excepting such as are so appointed, 6 shall trade or offer to trade for any sort of provision, “ fruit, or other productions of the earth, unless they 66 have leave fo to do...
« III. Every person employed on shore, on any " duty whatsoever, 'is strictly to attend to the fame; « and if by any neglect he loseth any of his arms, “ or working tools, or suffers them to be stolen, the 66 full value thereof will be charged against his pay, .« according to the custom of the navy in such cases, “ and he fhall receive such further punishment as the
nature of the offence may deserve.
“ IV. The fame penalty will be inflicted on every “ person who is found to embezzle, trade, or offer to «« trade, with any part of the ship’s stores of what “ nature foever.
“ V. No sort of iron, or any thing that is made of -“ iron, or any fort of cloth, or other useful or necessary
“ articles, J. Cook.', April
“ articles, are to be given in exchange for any thing 1769. “ but provision
. As soon as the ship was properly secured, I went on Thore with Mr. Banks and Dr. Solander, a party of men under arms, and our friend Owhaw. We were received from the boat by some hundreds of the inhabitants, whose looks at least gave us a welcome, though they were struck with such awe, that the first who approached us crouched so low that he almost crept on his hands and knees. It is remarkable that he, like the people in the canoes, presented to us the fame symbol of peace that is known to have been in use among the ancient and mighty nations of the northern hemisphere, the green branch of a tree We received it with looks and gestures of kindness and satisfaction; and observing that each of them held one in his hand, we immediately gathered every one a bough, and carried it in our hands in the fame manner.
They marched with us about half a mile towards the place where the Dolphin had watered, conducted by Owhaw; they then made a full stop, and having laid the ground bare, by clearing away all the plants that grew upon it, the principal persons among them threw their green branches upon the naked spot, and made signs that we should do the same ; we immediately shewed our readiness to comply, and to give a greater solemnity to the rite, the marines were drawn up, and marching in order, each dropped his bough upon
those of the Indians, and we followed their example. We then proceeded, and when we came to the wateringplace, it was intimated to us by ligns, that we might occupy that ground, but it happened not to be fit for our purpose. During our walk they had shaken off their first timid sense of our superiority, and were become familiar: they went with us from the wateringplace and took a circuit through the woods: as we went along, we distributed beads and other small presents among them, and had the satisfaction to see that they were much gratified. Our circuit was not less than four or five miles, through groves of trees, which were loaded with cocoa-nuts and bread-fruit, and afforded the most grateful fhade. Under these trees
were the habitations of the people, most of them being only a roof without walls, and the whole scene realized the poetical fables of Arcadia. We remarked however, not without some regret, that in all our walk we had seen only two hogs, and not a single fowl. Those of our company who had been here with the Dolphin told us, that one of the people, whom we had yet feen were of the first class ; they sufpected that the chiefs had removed, and upon carrying us to the place where what they called the Queen's palace had stood, we found that no traces of it were left. We determined therefore to return in the morning, and endeavour to find out the Noblesse in their retreats.
In the morning, however, before we could leave the ship, several canoes came about us, most of them from the westward, and two of them were filled with people, who by their dress and deportment appeared to be of a superior rark: two of these came on board, and each singled out his friend ; one of them, whole name we found to be MATAHAH, fixed
Mr. Banks, and the other upon me: this ceremony consisted in taking off great part of their clothes and putting them upon us. In return for this, we prefented each of them with a hatchet and some beads. Soon after they made signs for us to go with them to the places where they lived, pointing to the S. W. and as I was desirous of finding a more commodious harbour, and making farther trial of the disposition of the people, I consented.
I ordered out two boats, and with Mr. Banks and Dr. Solander, the other gentlemen, and our two Indian friends, we embarked for our expedition. After rowing about a league, they made signs that we should go on shore, and gave us to understand that this was the place of their residence. We accordingly landed, among several hundreds of the natives, who condu&ted us into a house of much greater length than any we had seen.
When we entered, we saw a middle-aged man, whose name we afterwards disco. vered to be TooTAHAH; mats were immediately 'spread, and we were desired to sit down over-against him. Soon after we were seated, he ordered a cock
and hen to be brought out, which he presented to Mr. 769 Banks and me; we accepted the present, and in a
April. short time each of us received a piece of cloth, perfumed after their manner, by no means disagreeably, which they took great pains to make us remark. The piece presented to Mr. Banks was eleven yards long and two wide; in return for which he gave a laced filk neckcloth, which he happened to have on, and a linen pocket handkerchief : Tootahah immediately dressed himself in this new finery, with an air of perfect complacency and satisfaction. But it is now time that I should take some notice of the ladies.
Soon after the interchanging of our presents with Tootahah, they attended us to several large houses, in which we walked about with great freedom ; they shewed us all the civility of which, in our situation, we could accept: and, on their part, seemed to have no scruple that would have prevented its being carried farther. The houses which, as I have observed before, are all open, except a roof, afforded no place of re; tirement; but the ladies, by frequently pointing to the mats upon the ground, and sometimes seating themselves and drawing us down upon them, left us no room to doubt of their being much less jealous of observation than we were.
We now took leave of our friendly Chief, and directed our course along the shore ; when we had walked about á mile, we met, at the head of a great number of people, another Chief, whose name was TUBOURAI TAMAIDE, with whom we were also to ratify a treaty of peace, with the ceremony of which we were now become better acquainted. Having received the branch which he presented to us, and given another in return, we laid our hands upon our left breasts, and pronounced the word Taio, which we supposed to signify friend ; the Chief then gave us to understand, that if we chose to eat, he had vi&uals ready for us. We accepted his offer, and dined very heartily upon fish, bread-fruit, cocoa-nuts and plantains, dressed after their manner; they eat some of their fish raw, and raw fish was offered to us, but we declined that part of the entertainment. VOL. I.