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1767. master, or master of the port, and Mr. Douglas the December..

writer, who has been mentioned already. They expreffed some surprise at my having got under fail, and asked me what I intended to have done ? I told thein that I intended, neither more nor less than to fulfil the declarations I had made the day before ; that justified by the common rights of mankind, which were superior to every other law, I would, rather than have put again to fea, where our deftruction either by shipwreck, sickness, or famine, was inevitable, have come up to their walls, and either have compelled them to furnith the necessaries we wanted, or have run the ship on shore, since it was better to perish at once in a just contest, than to suffer the lingering misery of anticipating the perdition that we could not avoid. I observed also that no civilized people had ever suffered even the captives of war to perish for want of the necessaries of life, much less the subjects of an ally, who asked nothing but permission to purchase food with their money. They readily allowed the truth of all I had faid, but seemed to think I had been too hasty : I then observed that I had waited the full time of my ftipulation, and they in return made some excuse for their not having come sooner, telling me, that, as a proof of their having admitted my claim, they had brought me such provisions as their country would afford. These were immediately taken on board, and consisted of two sheep, an elk ready killed, and a few fowls, with some vegetables and fruit. This most welcome fupply was divided among the people, and that most falutary, and to us exquisite dainty, broth, made for the sick. Another letter from the Governor was then produced, in which, to my great disappointment, I was again ordered to leave the port, and to justify the order, it was alleged, that to suffer a ship of any nation to stay and trade either at this port,

other part of the island, was contrary to the agreement which had been made by the East India Company with the native Kings and Governors of the country, who had already expressed some displeasure on our account; and for farther particulars I was referred to the gentlemen that brought the letter, whom the Governor ftiled his commissaries. To these gentlemen I immediately observed, that no ftipulation concerning

trade

or any

trade could affe& us, as we were a King's ship; at the

1767.

December. same time I produced my commiflion, it not being pofsible to bring under the article of trade the selling us food and refreshments for our money, without the utmost violence to language and common sense. After this they made me several propositions, which I rejected, because my departure from this place, before the return of the season, was included in them all. I then recurred to my former declaration, and to enforce it, shewed them the corpse of a man who had died that morning, and whose life would probably have been saved, if they had afforded us refreshments when we first came to an anchor upon their coast. This put them to a ftand, but after a short pause, they enquired'very particularly whether I had been among the spice islands; I answered them in the negative, and they appeared to be convinced that I spoke truth,

After this we came to a better understanding, and they told me, that though they could not, without disobedience to the most direct and positive orders of the Company, fuffer us to remain here, yet that I was welcome to go to a little bay not far diftant, where I should find effectual shelter from the bad monfoon, and might erect an hospital for my sick, afsuring me at the same time, that provisions and refreshments were more plenty there than at Macassar, from whence whatever else I wanted should be sent me, and offering me a good pilot to carry me to my station. To this I gladly confented, upon condition that what they had offered me should be confirmed by the Governor and Council of Macassar, that I might be considered as under the protection of the Dutch nation, and that no violence should be offered to my people: for all this they engaged their honour on behalf of the Governor and Council, promising me the assurance I had required on the next day, and requesting that in the mean time I would remain where I was. I then enquired why the two vessels which were at anchor under our bows were allotted to that station? And they told me, for no other reason than to prevent the people of the country from offering us any violence. When matters were thus far fettled between us, I expressed my concern that, except a glass of wine, I could prefent them with nothing better than bad salt meat, and bread full of weavels, upon

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December.

1767; which they very politely desired that I would permit

their servants to bring in the victuals which had been dressing in their own vessel ; I readily confented, and a very genteel dinner was soon served up, consisting of fith, flesh, vegetables, and fruit. It is with the greatest pleasure that I take this opportunity of acknowledging my obligations to these genilemen for the politeness and humanity of their behaviour in their private capacity, and particularly to Mr. Douglas, who being qualified by his knowledge of the French language to interpret between us, undertook that office with a courtesy and politeness which very much increased the value of the favour. After this we parted, and at their

leaving the ship, I saluted them with nine guns. Friday 18. The next morning the fhebander was sent to acquaint

me, that the Governor and Council had confirmed the engagement which had been made with me on their behalf. Every thing was now settled much to my fa. tisfa&ion, except the procuring money for my bills upon the government of Great Britain, which the shebander said he would folicit. At eight o'clock in the evening, he came on board again, to let me know that there was not any person in the town who had money to remit to Europe, and that there was not a dollar in the Company's chest. I answered, that as I was not permitted to go on shore to negotiate my bills myself, I hoped they would give me credit, offering him bills for any debt I should contract, or to pay it at Batavia. To this the Thebander replied, that the Resident at Bonthain, the place to which I was going, would receive orders to supply me with whatever I should want, and would be glad to take my bills in return, as he had money to remit, and was himself to go to Europe the next season. He told me also, that he had considerable property in England, being a denison of that country ; “ and, said “ the shebander, he has also money in my hands, with " which I will purchase such things as you want from “ Macassar, and see that they are sent after you.” Having specified what these articles were to be, and agreed with him for the quantity and the price, we parted.

The next day, in the afternoon, I received a letter, signed by the Governor and Council of Macaffar, containing the reasons why I was sent to Bonthain, and

confirming

Saturd. 19.

confirming the verbal agreement which fubfifted be

December. tween us.

Soon after, the Enlign M. Le. Cerf, the Secretary of the Council, and a pilot, came on board to attend us to Bonthain. Le Cerf was to command the soldiers who were on board the guard-boats; and the Secretary, as we afterwards discovered, was to be a check upon the Resident, whose name was Swellingrabel. This gentleman's father died Second Governor at the Cape of Good Hope, where he married an English lady of the name of Fothergill. Mr. Swellingrabel, the Resident here, married the daughter of Cornelius Sinkclaar, who had been Governor of Macallar, and died about two years ago in England, having come hither to see some of his inother's relations.

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Tranfa&tions at Bonthain, while the Vefsel was waiting

for a Wind to carry her to Batavia, with some Account of the Place, the town of Macassar, and the adjacent Country.

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VE next morning at day-break we failed, and Sund. 20.

the day following in the afternoon we anchored Monday 23. in Bonthain road with our two guard-boats, which were immediately moored close into the shore, to prevent the country boats from coming near us, and our boats from going near them. As soon as I arrived at this place, I altered our reckoning. I had loft about eighteen hours, in coming by the west and the Europeans that we found here, having come by the east, had gained about fix, fo that the difference was just a day.

I immediately waited upon the Resident, Mr. Swellingrabel, who spoke English but very imperfe&ly, and having settled with him all matters relating to money and provisions, a house was allotted me near the seaside, and close to a little pallisadoed fort of eight guns, the only one in this place, which I converted into an hospital, under the direaion of the surgeon ; to this place I immediately sent all the people who were thought incapable of recovering on board, and reservVOL.I.

2.

ed

. 1767. ed the rest as a security against accidents. As soon as December.

our people were on shore, a guard of thirty-six private men, two ferjeants, and two corporals, all under the command of Ensign. Le Cerf, was set over them ; and none of them were suffered to go more than thirty yards from the hospital, nor were any of the country people allowed to come near enough to sell them any thing ; so that our men got nothing of them, but through the hands of the Dutch soldiers, who abused their power very shamefully. When they saw any of the country people carrying what they thought our invalids would purchase, they first took it away and then asked the price : what was demanded fignified little, the foldier gave what he thought proper, which was seldom one fourth of the value; and if the countryman ventured to express any discontent, he gave him immediately an earnest of perfect satisfaction, by flourishing his broad-fword over his head ; this was always fufficient to silence complaint, and send the sufferer quietly away: after which the soldier sold what he had thus acquired for profit of sometimes more than a thousand per cent.

This behaviour was so cruel to the natives, and fo injurious to us, that I ventured to complain of it to the Refident, and the other two gentlemen, Le Cerf and the Secretary. The Resident, with becoming spirit, reprimanded the soldiers ; but it produced so little effect, that I could not help entertaining suspicions, that Le Cerf, connived at these pra&ices, and Ihared the advantages which they produced I suspected him also of selling arrack to my people, of which I complained, but without redress, and I know that his flaves were employed to buy things at the market, which his wife afterwards sold to us for more than twice as much as they cost. The soldiers were indeed guilty of many other irregularities ; it was the duty of one of them by rotation to procure the day's provision for the whole guard, a service which he constantly performed by going into the country with his musquet and a bag; nor was the honeft proveditor always content with what the bag would contain, for one of them, without any ceremony, drove down a young buffalo that belonged to some of the country people, and his comrades, not having wood at hand to dress it when

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