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the attack, and her strength being fo much more than 1767.

December in proportion to her size, supposing her a merchantman, rendered it fatal.

On Saturday the 12th, we fell in with the danger-Satur, 12. ous shoals called the Spera Mondes, and had the mortification to find that the westerly monsoon was now set in, against which, and the current, it was impoilsble for any ship to get as far westward as Batavia. As it was now necessary to wait till the return of the eastern monsoon, and the thifting of the current ; as we had buried thirteen of our crew, and no less than thirty more were at the point of death; as all the petty officers were among the fick, and the lieutenant and myself, who did all duties in a feeble condition; it was impossible that we should keep the sea, and we had no chance of preserving those who were still alive, but by getting on shore at some place, where reft and refreshment might be procured : I therefore determined that I would take advantage of our being so far to the southward, and endeavour to reach Macassar, the principal settlement of the Dutch upon the island of Celebesa

The next day we made some islands which lie not Sunday 13. far from that place, and saw, what sometimes we took for Thoals, and sometimes for boats, with men on board, but what afterwards appeared to be trees, and other drift floating about, with birds sitting upon them; we suddenly found ourselves twenty miles farther to the southward than we expected, for the current, which had for sometime set us to the northward, had set us to the southward during the night. We now hauled up east, and E. N. intending to have gone to the northward of a shoal, which has no name in our East India Pilot, but which the Dutch call the Thumb; by noon, however, we found ourselves upon it, our water shallowing at once to four fathoms, with rocky ground. We now hauled off to the south west, and keeping the boat a-head to sound, ran round the west side of the shoal in ten and twelve fathoms; our water deepening when we hauled off to the west, and shallowing when we hauled off eaft. Our latitude, by observation, when we were upon the shoal, was 5° 20' S. and the northermost of the islands, called the Three Brothers, then bore S. 18 E. at the distance of five or

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1767 fix leagues. This island is, in the English Pilot, called

Don Dinanga, but by the Dutch the North Brother.

Between the Three Brothers, and the main of Celebes, there is another island, much larger than either of them, called the Island of Tonikiky; but none of them are inhabited, though there are a few huts belonging to fishermen upon them all. The passage between the shoal and this island is clear and good, with from ten to thirteen fathoms, and a fandy bottom; but the soundings are to be kept on the side of the island in twelve fathoms, and never under ten: it is, however, very difficult and dangerous for ships to fall in with the land this way without a pilot on board, for there are many shoals and rocks under water. I ran in by a chart in the English East India Pilot, which upon the whole I found a good one, though the names of the islands, points, and bays, differ very much from those by which they are now known. When we got near to the Celebes shore, we had land and sea breezes, which obliged us to edge along the coast, though our strength was so much reduced, that it was with the utmost

difficulty we could work the stream anchor. Tuesday 15.

In the evening of Tuesday the 15th, we anchored at about the distance of four miles from the town of Macassar, which, according to my account, lies in latitude 5° 10' or 5° 12' S. longitude 117° 28' E. having spent no less than five and thirty weeks in our passage from the Streight of Magellan.

I have been the more particular in my description of as much as I saw of this Streight, because all the charts, both English and French, that I consulted, are extremely deficient and erroneous, and because an exaa knowledge of it may be of great service to our China trade : the ships, by which that trade is carried on, may pass this way with as little danger as the common one, which lies along the Prassel shoals ; and when they miss their passage to China, in the south-east monsoon, and lose the season, they may be sure of a clear channel here, and fair winds at W. S. W. and round to W.N. W. in November, December, and the four following months ; I am also of opinion, that it is a better and shorter way to go the N. E. and eastward of the Philippine Islands, than to thread the Molucc., or coast


New Guinea, where there are fhoals, currents, and 1767.

December. innumerable other dangers, as they were forced to do when the French were cruising for them in the common passage during the last war.


С НА Р. X.
Transactions off Macassar, and the Pasage thence to

HE fame night that we came to an anchor, at

about eleven o'clock, a Dutchman came on board, who had been dispatched by the Governor, to learn who we were. When I made him underitand that the ship was an English man of war, he seemed to be greatly alarmed, no man of war belonging to the King of Great Britain having ever been there before, and I could not by any means persuade him to leave the deck, and go down into the cabin ; we parted, however, to all appearance, good friends.

The next morning, at break of day, I sent the Lieu- Wedn. 16. · tenant to the town, with a letter to the Governor, in which I acquainted him with the reason of my coming thither, and requested the liberty of the port to procure refreshments for my hip’s company, who were in a dying condition, and shelter for the vessel against the approaching storms, till the return of a fit jeason for failing to the westward. I ordered that this letter should, without great reason to the contrary, be delivered into the Governor's own hand; but when

my officer got to the wharf of the town, neither he nor any other person in the boat was suffered to land. Upon this refusal to deliver the letter to a messenger, the Governor was made acquainted with it, and two officers, called the Thebander and the fiscal, were fent down to him, who, as a reason why he could not deliver the letter to the Governor himself, pretended that he was sick, and said, that they came by his express, order to fetch it; upon this the letter was at length delivered to them, and they went away. While they were gone, the officer and men were kept on board their boat, exposed to the burning heat of the sun, which was almost vertical at noon, and none of the country boats suffered to come near enough to sell


1767 them any refreshment. In the mean time, our people December

, observed a great hurry and bustle on shore, and all the

noops and vessels that were proper for war, were fiited
out with the utmost expedition: we should, however,
I believe, have been an overmatch for their whole sea
force, if all our people had been well. In the mean time
I intended to have gone and anchored close to the town,
but now the boat was absent, our united strength was
not sufficient to weigh the anchor, though a small one.
After waiting five hours in the boat, the Lieutenant was
told that the Governor had ordered two gentlemen to
wait upon me with an answer to my letter. Soon after
he had returned, and made this report, the two gen-
tlemen came on board, and we afterwards learnt that
one of them was an ensign of the garrison, named Le
Cerf, and the other Mr. Douglas, a writer of the Dutch
East India Company: they delivered me the Governor's
letter, but it proved to be written in Dutch, a language
which not a single person on board could understand :
the two gentlemen who brought it, however, both spoke
French, and one of them interpreted the contents to
me in that language. The purport of it was, “ that I
should instantly depart from the port, without coming
any nearer to the town ; that I should not anchor on
any part of the coast, or permit any of my people to
land in any place that was under his jurisdiction." Be-
fore I made any reply to this letter, I shewed the gen-
tlemen who brought it, the number of my lick: at the
fight of so many unhappy wretches, who were dying
of languor and disease, they seemed to be much affect-
ed, and I then urged again the pressing necessity I was
under of procuring refreshment, to which they had been
witnesses, the cruelty and injustice of refusing to sup-
ply me, which was not only contrary to treaty, as we
were in a King's ship, but to the laws of Nature as we
were human beings : they seemed to admit the force of
this reasoning, but they had a short and final answer
ready,“that they had absolute and indispensible orders
from their masters, not to suffer any ship, of whatever
nation, to stay at this port, and that these orders they
muft implicitly obey.” To this I replied, that persons
in our situation had nothing worse to fear than what
they suffered, and that therefore if they did not imme-

diately diately allow me the liberty of the port, to purchase 1767.

December. " refreshments, and procure shelter, I would, as soon as the wind would permit, in defiance of all their menaces, and all their force, go and anchor close to the town ; that if at last I should find myself unable to compel them to comply with requisitions, the reasonableness of which could not be controverted, I would run the ship a-ground under their walls, and after felling our lives as dearly as we could, bring upon them the disgrace of having reduced a friend and ally to fo dreadful an extremity. At this they seemed to be alarmed, as our situation alone was sufficient to convince them that I was in earnest, and urged me with great emotion to remain where I was, at least till I had heard again from the Governor: to this, after some altercation, I consented, upon condition that I heard from the Governor before the sea-breeze fet in the next day.

We passed all the remainder of this day, and all the night, in a state of anxiety, not unmixed with indignation, that greatly aggravated our distress; and very early the next morning, we had the mortification to see Thurs. 19. a sloop that mounted eight carriage guns, and one of the vessels of the country, fitted out for war, with a great number of soldiers on board, come from the town, and anchor under each of our bows. I immediately fent my boat to speak with them, but they would make no reply to any thing that was said. About noon, the sea breeze set in, and not having then heard again from the Governor, I got under fail, and proceeded towards the town, according to my declaration, resolving if the vessels that had anchored under our bows, should oppose us, to repress force with force as far as we were able : these two vessels, however, happily both for us and for them, contented themselves with weighing anchor, and attending our motions.

Very foon after we had got under fail, a handsome vessel, with a band of musick, and several gentlemen on board, made up to us, and told us that they were fent by the Governor, but could not come a-board if we did not drop our anchor again; our anchor therefore was immediately dropped, and the gentlemen came on board : they proved to be Mr. Blydenburg, the fiscal, Mr. Voll, the Thebander, an officer called the licence


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