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1767. were fishing on some shoals that lie between them and

Hummock Point. This part of the shore appeared to be foul, and I think should not be approached without great caution. In this place I found the currents various and uncertain, sometimes setting to the southward, and sometimes to the northward, and sometimes there was no current at all; the weather also was very unsettled, and fo was the wind; it blew, however, chiefly to the fouth and fouth west quarter, but we had sometimes sudden and violent gufts, and tornadoes from the N. W. with thunder, lightning, and rain: these generally lasted about an hour, when they were succeeded by a dead calm, and the wind would afterwards spring up fresh from the S. W. or S. S. W. which was right against us, and blow strong. From these appearances I conjectured that the shifting season had commenced, and that the west monsoon would soon set in, The ship failed so ill that we made very little way; we frequent

ly founded in this passage, but could get no ground. Saturday21. . On the 21st of November, as we were standing to

wards Borneo, we made two small islands, which I judged to be the same that in the French chart are called Taba Islands ; they are very small, and covered with trees... By my account they lie in latitude 1° 44' N. longitude po 32' W. of the south end of Mindanao, and are distant from Hummock, or Stroomen Point, about fifty-eight leagues. The weather was now hazy, but happening suddenly, to clear up, we saw a shoal with breakers, at the distance of about five or six miles, from the south to the north-west, Off the north end of this thoal we saw four hummocks close together, which we took for small ilands, and seven more from the S. { W. to the W. Į S. whether these are really islands, or some hills on the island of Borneo, I could not determine. This shoal is certainly very dangerous, but may be avoided by going to the westward of Taba Islands, where the passage is clear and broad. In the French chart of Monsieur d'Apres de Mandevillette, publifhed in 1745, two shoals are laid down, to the "eastward, and a little to the north of these islands; one of them is called Vanloorif, and the other, on which are placed two islands, Harigs; but these shoals and islands have certainly no existence, as I turned through

this part of the passage from side to side, and failed over 1767.

November. the very spot where they are supposed to lie. "In the same chart seven small islands are also laid down within half a degree to the northward of the line, and exa&tly in the middle of the narrowest part of this passage ; but neither have these islands any existence except upon paper, though I believe there may be fome small islands close to the main land of Borneo ; we thought we had seen two, which we took to be those that are laid down in the charts off Porto Tubo, but of this I am not certain. The southermost and narrowest part of this passage is about eighteen or twenty leagues broad, with high lands on each side. We continued labouring in it till the 27th, before we crossed the line, Friday 27. so that we were a fortnight in failing eight and twenty leagues, the distance from the north entrance of the streight, which we made on the 14th. After we got to the southward of the line, we found a Night current setting against us to the northward, which daily increased : the weather was still unsettled, with much wet; the winds were chiefly S. W. and W. S. W. and very seldom farther to the northward than W. N. W. except in the tornadoes, which grew more frequent and violent; and by them we got nothing but hard labour, as they obliged us to hand all our sails, which indeed with our utmost efforts we were scarcely able to do, our debility daily increasing by the falling sick of the few that were well, or the death of some among the many that were sick. Under these circumstances we used our utmost endeavours to get hold of the land on the Borneo fide, but were not able, and continued to struggle with our misfortunes till the 3d December. of December, when we fell in with the small islands Thurs. 3. and shoals called the Little Paternosters, the southermost of which, according to my account, lies in latitude 20 31' S. and the northermost in 2° 15' S. the longitude of the northermoft I made 1170 12' E. they bear about S. E. À S. and N. W. . N. of each other, distant eight Leagues, and between them are the others; the number of the whole is eight. They lie very near the Celebes side of the streight, and being unable either to weather them, or gel to the westward of them, we were obliged 40 go between them and the island. We had here tem

pestuous

December,

1767, pestuous weather and contrary winds with sudden and

impetuðus gufts, which, as we had not a number of hands sufficient to bend the fails, often endangered our masts and yards, and did great damage to our sails and rigging, especially at this time, as we were obliged to carry all the fail we could to prevent our falling into a deep bight, on the Celebes shoré. The ravages of the scurvy were now universal, there not being one individual among us that was free, and the winds and currents being so hard against us, that we could neither get west-, ing nor southing to reach any place of refreshment; the mind participated in the sufferings of the body, and a universal despondency was reflected from one coiinte

nance to another, especially among those who were not Thurs. 10. able to come upon the deck. In this deplorable situation

we continued till the 10th, and it is not perhaps very easy for the most fertile imagination to conceive by what our danger and distress could possibly be encrealed; yet debilitated, sick, and dying as we were, in sight of land that we could not reach, and exposed to tempests which we could not refift, we had the additional misfortune to be attacked by a pirate; that this unexpected mischief might lose none of its force, it happened at midnight, when the darkness, that might almost be felt, could not fail to co-operate with whatever tended to produce confusion and terror. This sudden attack, however, rather rouzed than depressed us, and though our enemy attempted to board us, before we could have the least apprehension that any enemy was near, we defeated his purpose; he then plied us with what we supposed to be swivel guns, and small arms, very briskly; but though he had the start of us, we soon returned his salute with such effect, that shortly after he sunk, and all the unhappy wretches on board perished. It was a small vessel, but of what country or how manned, it was impossible for us to know. The lieutenant, and one of the men, were wounded, though not dangeroully; part of our running rigging was cut, and we received some other flight damage. We knew this pirate to be a vessel which we had seen in the dusk of the evening, and we afterwards learnt that she belonged to a free booter, who had more than thirty such vessels under his command. The smallness of our vessel encouraged

the

the attack, 20 terreno: 1 begrimcc.i Tuce**n*

o

e im vrOdc1107 1 / erazt, adpoonar te: 2 meccaatIman, rencore: 1..

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hou bare trorres e r e , nr nr tes than this more vet te romt 0 ut:: al het met oficers work anugrett IS arc the 20t nan: angi mytefivm ru al art i a nt nnduvar pas mtopt the Wikimui ire in . anc value no Chano di present thoa vu vai ! leto, full by retinio or Nott a tome da un ref en maintnient mont de premurer : 1hraint etinin that 1 would takt avanture of our haine for at ho ward, and entenynir o reach an iar, the diin nyl Kettleneitt of the Dic). Unor. In stand o calen

The next dar ve mate ime i landets motrinh na Sogy tar from that Duck, and lat, wat betinyt ** mook for thoais, ant tumers tot

with an dan bu v zrernard Dared No

n e @thier drefu fouting 101, vid binds thing won him w Inodutu Jound oarteves twenty mulos tatt tror 10 the fourcheard than we expected, for the intent which had for sometime tct us to the month and bad Get ms to the south ward during the night. **** hauled up eart, and E N intending to give the norihward of a thoal, which has no parties un autres East India Pilot, but which the Dutch call the instalno by noon, however, we found ourselves upon water thallowing at once to four tachome, with me ground. We now hauled off to the fouth wort, and keeping the boat a-head to found, ran round the weil side of the thoal in ten and twelve fathoms, our want deepening when we hauled off to the well, amithal lowing when we hauled off eart. Our latitude, by ub servation, when we were upon the thual, was " BUN, and the northermost of the islands, called the Thurma Brothers, then bore S. 18 E. at the dillance of liver

2767. pestuous weather and contrary winds with sudden and December,

impetuous gufts, which, as we had not a number of hands sufficient to bend the fails, often endangered our masts and yards, and did great damage to our sails and rigging, especially at this time, as we werě obliged to carry all the fail we could to prevent our falling into a deep bight, on the Celebes shore. The ravages of the scurvy were now universal, there not being one individual among us that was free, and the winds and currents being so hard against us, that we could neither get west- . ing nor southing to reach any place of refreshment; the mind participated in the sufferings of the body, and a universal despondency was reflected from one counte

nance to another, especially among those who were not Thurs. 10. able to come upon the deck. In this deplorable situation

we continued till the roth, and it is not perhaps very easy for the most fertile imagination to conceive by what our danger and distress could possibly be encreased; yet debilitated, sick, and dying as we were, in sight of land that we could not reach, and exposed to tempests which we could not resist, we had the additional misfortune to be attacked by a pirate; that this unexpected mischief might lose none of its force, it happened at midnight, when the darkness, that might almost be felt, could not fail to co-operate with whatever tended to produce confusion and terror. This sudden attack, however, rather rouzed than depressed us, and though our enemy attempted to board us, before we could have the least apprehension that any enemy was near, we defeated his purpose ; he then plied us with what we supposed to be swivel guns, and small arms, very briskly; but though he had the start of us, we soon returned his salute with such effect, that shortly after he sunk, and all the unhappy wretches on board perished. It was a small vessel, but of what country or how manned, it was impossible for us to know. The lieutenant, and one of the men, were wounded, though not dangerously; part of our running rigging was cut, and we received some other slight damage. We knew this pirate to be a vessel which we had seen in the dulk of the evening, and we afterwards learnt that she belonged to a free. booter, who had more than thirty such vessels under his command. The smallness of our vessel encouraged

the

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