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I shall now give a more particular account of our 1767.
November. navigating the sea that washes the coasts of this island, the rather as Dampier's description is in several particulars erroneous.
Having seen the north-east part of the island on the 26th of October, without certainly knowing whether it was Mindanao or Saint John's, we got nearer to it the next day, and made what we knew to be Saint Auguftina, the south eastermost part of the island, which rises in little hummocks, that run down to a low point at the water's edge ; it bears N. 40 E. at the distance of two and twenty leagues from a little island, which is distinguished from the other islands that lie off the southermost point of Mindanao by a hill or hummock, and which for that reason I called HUMMOCK ISLAND. All this land is very high, one ridge of mountains rising behind another, so that at a great distance it appears not like one island but several. After our first discovery of the island, we kept turning along the east side from the northward to Cape Saint Augustina, nearly S. by W. W. and N. by E. 1 E. for about twenty leagues. The wind was to the southward along the shore, and as we approached the land, we stood in for an opening which had the appearance of a good bay, where we intended to anchor; but we found that it was too deep for our purpose, and that some shoals rendered the entrance of it dangerous. To this bay, which lies about eight or ten leagues N. by E. from Cape Saint Augustina, the south-east extremity of the island, I gave the name of DISAPPOINTMENT Bay. When we were in the offing standing in for this Bay, we observed a large hummock, which had the appearance of an island, but which I believe to be a peninsula, joined by a low isthmus to the main ; this hummock formed ihe northermost part of the entrance, and another high bluff point opposite to it formed the southermost part ; between these two points are the shoals that have been mentioned; and several small islands, only one of which can be seen till they are approached very near. On this part of the coatt we saw no signs of inhabitants ; the land is of a stupendous height, with mountains piled upon mountains till the summits are hidden in the clouds: in the offing therefore it is almost Vol. I.
1767, impossible to estimate its distance, for what appear November
then to be small hillocks, just emerging from the water,
From this cape the land trends away W. and W. by
Off this fouthern extremity, which Dampier calls the south-east by mistake, the south-east being Saint Augustina, at the distance of five, fix,and seven leagues, lie ten or twelve islands, though Dampier says there are only two, and that together they are about five leagues round. The islands that I saw could not be contained in a circuit of less than 15 leagues, and from the number of boats that I saw among them I imagine they are well inhabited. The largest of these lies to the S. W. of the others, and makes in a remarkable peak, fo that it is first feen in coming in with the land, and is indeed visible at a very great distance. Its latitude I make
5° 24' N. and its longitude by account 126° 37' E. Hummock This island which I called HUMMOCK ISLAND, Ifland.
bears from Saint Augustina S. 40 W. at the distance of between twenty and two and twenty leagues: and from the same Cape, the southermost part of the island Mindanao bears S. W. & W. at the distance of between twenty-one and twenty-three leagues. This fouthermoft
extremity consists of three or four points, which bear 1767."
November. east and 'west of each other for about seven miles. They lie in latitude 5° 34' N. longitude 126° 23' E. according to my account. The variation here was one point ealt.
I passed between these islands and the main, and found the passage good, the current setting to the westward. Dampier has placed his Bay and Savannah four leagues N. W. from the eastermost island, and there I fought it, as indeed I did on all the S. E. part of the ifland till we came to the little creek which ran up to the town.
All the southern part of Mindanao is extremely pleasant, with many spots where the woods had been cleared for plantations, and fine lawns of a beautiful! verdure: this part also is well inhabited, as well as the neighbouring islands. Of the rown I can give no acus count, as the weather was fo thick that I could not feet it; neither could I sufficiently diftinguish the land to set off the points, at which I was not a little mortified:
When I came to open the land to the westward of the southermost point, I found iti trend from that point W. NW. and N. W. by W. forming first a point as the distance of about seven or eight leagues, and then a very deep bay'running so far into the N. and N. E. that I could not see the bottom of it. The westermoft point of this bay is low, but the land Toon rises again, and runs along to the N. W. by W. which seems to be the direction of this coast, from the southermost point of the island towards the city of Mindanao.
To the westward of this deep bay, the land is all flat, and in comparison of the other parts of the island, but thinly wooded. Over this flat appears a peak of stupendous height, which rises in the clouds like a tower. Between the entrance of this bay and the south point of the island there is another very high hill, the top of which has the funnel shape of a volcano, but I did not perceive that it emitted either fire or smoke. It is possible that this deep bay is that which Dampier mentions, and that it is misplaced by an error of the press ; for, if instead of saying it bore N. W. four leagues from the eastermost of the islands, he had said it bore N. W. fourteen leagues from the westermost of the
1767. islands, it would correspond well with his description, November
the bearings being the same, and the land on the east side of it high, and low on the west: he is also nearly right in the latitude of his islands, which he makes 5° 10' N. for probably some parts of the southermost of them may lie in that latitude ; but as I did not go to the southward of them, this is only conje&ure.
Between Hummock INand, which is the largest and weitermost of them, and the islands to the eastward of it, which are all fat and even, is a passage rumning north and south, which appears to be clear. The north eastermoft of these islands is small, low, and flat, with a white sandy beach all round it, and a great. many trees in the middle East or north-east of this iland there are shoals and breakers; and I saw no other appearance of danger in these parts. Neither did I see any of the islands which are mentioned by Dampier, and laid down in all the charts, near Mindanao in the offing; perhaps they are at a more remote distance than is commonly supposed; for without great attention navigators will be much deceived in this particular by the height of the land, as I have observed already. As I coasted this island, I found the current fet very ftrong to the southward along the shore, till I came to the south end of it, where I found it run N. W. and N. W. by W. which is nearly as the land trends. We had the winds commonly from $. W. to N: W. with light airs, frequent rain, and unfettled weather.
We now bid farewel to Mindanao, greatly disappointed in our hope of obtaining refreshments, which at first the inhabitants fo readily promised to furnish. We fufpected that there were Dutchmen, or at least Dutch partisans in the town; and that, having difcovered us to be English, they had dispatched an armed party to prevent our having any intercourse with the natives, who arrived about two hours after our friendly conference, and were the people that defied us from shore.
The Passage from Mindanao to the Island of Celebes, with
a particular Account of the Streight of Macassar, in which
mary Errors are corretted.
FTER leaving Mindanao, I stood to the west- 1767.
November. ward for the passage between the islands of Borneo and Celebes, called the Streight of Macassar, and made it on Saturday the fourteenth. I observed, that Saturday 14. during the whole of this run we had a strong north westerly current ; but that while we were nearer to Mindanao than Celebes, it ran rather towards the north than the west ; and that when we came nearer to Celebes than we were to Mindanao, it can rather towards the west than the north. The land of CeYebes on the north end runs along to the entrance of the passage, is very lofty, and seems to trend away about w. by S. to a remarkable point in the passage, which makes in a hummock, and which at first we took for an island. I believe it to be the same which in the French charts is called Stroomen Point, but I gave it the name of HUMMOCK Point. Its latitude, according to my account, is 1° 20' N. longitude 121° 39 E. and it is a good mark for those to know the passage that fall in with the land coming from the eastward, who, if poffible, should always make this side of the pasTage. From Hummock Point the land trends more away to the southward, about S. W. by W. and to the southward of it there is a deep bay, full of islands and rocks, which appeared to me to be very dangerous. Just off the point there are two rocks, which, though they are above water, cannot be seen from a ship till the is close to the land. To the eastward of this point, close to the shore, are two islands, one of them very flat, long and even, and the other swelling into a hill : both these islands, as well as the adjacent country, are well covered with trees : I stood close in a little to the eastward of them, and had no ground with an hundred fathoms, within half a mile of the shore, which seemed to be rocky. A little to the westward of these islands, we faw no less than fixty boats, which