Abbildungen der Seite
PDF
EPUB
[blocks in formation]

a failer, that there was no making her go without a
strong wind in her favour. Having thus run farther to
the northward than at first I intended, and finding
myself not far from the parallel of latitude which has
been afligned to two islands called Saint Ambrose and
Saint Felix, or Saint Paul, I thought I should perform
an acceptable service by examining if they were fit for
shipping to refresh at, especially as the Spaniards hav-
ing fortified Juan Fernandes, they might be found
convenient for Great-Britain, if she should hereafter
be engaged in a Spanish war. These islands are laid
down in Green's charts, which were published in the
year 1753, from latitude 26° 20', to 270 S. and from
104 to 2oz W. of Masafuero; I therefore hauled up
with a design to keep in that latitude, but soon after-
wards consulting Robertson's Elements of Navigation,
I found the island of Saint Ambrose there laid down
in latitude 250 30 S. and 82° 20' longitude west of
London, and supposing that islands of so small an ex-
tent might be laid down with more exactness in this
work than in the chart, I bore away more northward
for that latitude ; the event, however, proved that I
should not have trusted him so far: I missed the islands,
and as I saw great numbers of birds and fish, which
are certain indications of land not far off, there is the
greatest reason to conclude that I went to the north-
ward of them. I am sorry to say that upon a farther
examination of Robertson's tables of latitudes and lon-
gitudes, I found them erroneous in many particulars ::
this censure, however, if I had not thought it necessary
to prevent future mischief, should have been suppressed.

Upanexamining the account that is given by Wafer, who was Surgeon on board Captain Davis's ship, I think it is probable that these two islands are the land that Davis fell in with in his way to the southward from the Gallapago islands, and that the land laid down in all the sea charts under the name of Davis's Land, has no existence, notwithstanding what is said in the ac. count of Roggewein's voyage, which was made in 1722, of land that they called Eastern Ifland, which some have imagined to be a confirmation of Davis's discovery, and the same land to which his name has been given. VOL. I.

T

[blocks in formation]

er at they b for the vane tells u

It is manifest from Wafer's narrative, that little credit is due to the account kept on board Davis's ship, except with refpea to the latitude, for he acknowledges that they had like to have perished by their making an allowance for the variation of the needle westward, instead of eastward: he tells us also that they steered S. by E E. from the Gallapagos, till they made land in latitude 27° 20' S, but it is evident that such a course would carry them not the westward but to the eastward of the Gallapagos, and set them at about the distance of two hundred leagues from Capiapo, and not fivehundred leagues as he has alleged, for the variation here is not more than half a point to the eastward now, and it must have been still less then, it having been increasing to the eastward on all this coast. The course that Davis steered therefore, if the distance between the islands of St. Ambrose and St. Felix, and the Gallapagos, as laid down in all our sea charts, is right, must have brought him within sight of St. Ambrose and St. Felix, when he had run the distance he mentions. The truth is, that if there had been any such place as Davis's Land in the fituation which has been allotted to it in our fea charts, I muft have failed over it, or at least have feen it, as will appear in the course of this narrative.

I kept between the latitude 250 50' and 25° 30', in search of the iflands I intended to examine, till I got five degrees to the westward of our departure, and then feeing no land, and the birds having left us, I hauled more to the southward, and got into latitude 27° 20'S. where I continued till we got between seventeen and eighteen degrees to the well ward of our departure. In this parallel we had light airs and foul winds, with a trong northerly current, which made me conjecture that we were near this Davis's Land, for which we looked out with great diligence; but a fair wind springing up again, we steered west by south, which gradually brought us into the latitude of 280 S. so that it is evident I must have failed over this, land, or at least have seen it if there had been any such place. I afterwards kept in the latitude of 280 for forty degrees to the westward of my departure, or, according to my account, 121.degrees welt of London, this being

the

[ocr errors]

ibe highet fouth latitude the winds and weather would 9767.

he May. permit me to keep, so that I mut have gone to the south ward of the situation assigned to the supposed continent called Davis's Land in all our charts.

We continued our search till Wednesday the 17th June. of June, when, in latitude 28° S. longitude 1120 W. Wednes, 17. we saw many fea birds, which flew in flocks, and some rock weed, which made me conjecture that we were approaching, or had passed by some land. At this time the wind blew hard from the northward, which made a great sea, but we had notwithstanding long rolling billows from the southward, so that whatever land there was in that quarter, could be only small rocky iflands; and I am inclined to believe that if there was land at all it was to the northward; possibly it might be Roggewein's eastern island, which he has placed in latitude 270 S. and which some geographers have supposed to be about seven hundred leagues distant from the continent of South America, if indeed any credit is to be given to his account. i i

It was now the depth of winter in these parts, and we had hard gales and high seas that frequently brought us under our courses and low sails : the winds were also variable, and though we were near the tro pic, the weather was dark, hazy, and cold, with frequent thunder and lightning, fleet and rain. The fun was above the horizon about ten hours in the four and twenty, but we frequently passed many days together without seeing him ; and the weather was so thick, that when he was below the horizon the dark ness was dreadful; the gloominess of the weather was indeed not only a disagreeable but a most dangerous circumstance, as we were often long without being able to make an observation, and were, not withstanding, obliged to carry all the fail we could spread, day and night, our ship being so bad a failer, and our voyage so long, to prevent our perishing by hunger, which, with all its concomitant horrors, would otherwise be inevitable. ;

: i - We continued our course westward till the evening July. of Thursday the 2d of July, when we discovered land Thurs. 2. to the northward of us. Upon approaching it the next day, it appeared like a great rock rising out of the sea : it was not more than five miles in circumference, and T2

feemed

July.

[ocr errors]

o gward il we got is let

!-n zo E, and then it is 725.5.6. and we found a

ately lon. .

Bumi The variation here was * o zeing in latitude 100 48.

Illand.

[ocr errors]

llo. S. longitude 171° 14

heighbourhod c

1967. seemed to be uninhabited; it was, he

with trees, and we faw a small stream .**.
running down one side of it. I wou *** BR , I there are

upon it, but the surf, which at this sed . 3 dl ou cadres is crus
: it with great violence, rendered it in ...
I foundings on the west fide of it, at fon os megitude 163° 4° W.FR
a mile from the shore, zin twenty-fivel

22SE which made a great bottom of coral and sand, and it is prol ". I e I did not ok summer weather landing here may not ble but easy. We saw a great number ing about it, at somewhat less than fhore, and the sea here seemed to ha

ent, although a current latitude 20° 2': S. longitude 1330 211 ta sai mtended as almet

det es almost all the thousand leagues to the westward of Magellan ; 1 conjecto America. It is so high that we saw it at milt opened between a more than fifteen leagues, and it havie

ed by a young gentleman, son to Majo Pitcairn's marines, who was unfortunately lol.. the variation was !1° 15 €,

we called it PITCAIRN's ISLAND. I

While we were in the neighbourhoc ***
the weather was extremely tempestu.
rolling billows from the southward, la 3
than any, I had seen before. The wind
but blew chiefly, from the S. S. W.!
W. We had very seldom a gale to the
that we were prevented from keeping
latitude, and were continually driving

ward. Swiss
Saturd. 4. On the 4th, we found that the sh "

deal of water, for having been so long la.
and turbulent feas, she was become ve
fails also being much worn, were contin
so that it was become necessary to keep
constantly at work. The people had hii
good health, but they now began to be
the sçurvy. While we were in the Streię
lan, I caused a little awning to be made,
yered with a clean painted canvas, that had
ed me for a floor-cloth to my cabin, and wa
caught so much rain water, with but little trou.
tendance, that the people were never put to a la
lowance of this important article : the awning a
forded thelter from the inclemency of the weather,
bi od

ard, lav t found our fock of log-lises

wind s ugh we had already converted all

w ii de late me. I was some time in to th e gaplr this defect, but upon a

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

is combing, in

July

to these precautions I imputed our having escaped the 5767. scurvy so long, though perhaps it was in some measure owing to the mixture of spirit of vitriol with the water that was thus preserved, our Surgeon putting a small quantity into every cask when it was filled up.

On Saturday the rith, we discovered a small low, Saturd. 11. flat island, which appeared to be almost level with the water's edge, and was covered with green trees : as it was to the south, and dire&ly to windward of us, we could not fetch it. It lies in latitude 220 S. and longitude 1410 34 W. and we called it the BISHOP OF Oroa OSNABURGH's ISLAND, in honour of his Majesty's Iland. second fon *

On the 12th, we fell in with two more small islands, Sunday 29, which were covered with green trees, but appeared to be uninhabited. We were close in with the southermost, which proved to be a slip of land in the form of a half moon, low, fat, and fandy : from the south end of it a reef runs out to the distance of about half a mile, on which the sea breaks with great fury. We found no anchorage, but the boat landed. It had a pleasant appearance, but afforded neither vegetables nor water; there were however many birds upon it, so tame that they suffered themselves to be taken by hand. The other island very much resembles this, and is distant from it about four or five leagues: they lie W. N. W. and E. S. E. of each other. One of them is in latitude 200 38' S. longitude 1460 W. the other 20. 34' $. longitude 146° 15' W. and we called them the DUKE OF GLOUCESTER'S ISLAND's; the Duke of variation here is five degrees east. These Islands are Gloucexter's probably the land seen by Quiros, as the situation is "lands. nearly the same; but if not, the land he saw could not be more considerable: whatever it was he went to the · southward of it, and the long billows we had here con

vinced us that there was no land near us in that direction. The wind here being to the eastward, I hauled to the southward again, and the next day, Monday Monday 13. the 13th, in the evening, as we were steering W.S.W. we observed that we lost the long southerly billows

and

* There is another Iiland of this name, among those chat were discovered by Captain Wallis.

« ZurückWeiter »