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At fix in the evening, the hunters brought in a fine 1767. young bull, of near four hundred weight; part of it September

. we kept on shore, and sent the rest on board, with bread-fruit, limes, and oranges.

Early the next morning the carpenters were set at Monday 21. work to caulk the ship all over, and put every thing in repair as far as possible. All the fails were also got on shore, and the fail-makers employed to mend them : the armourers at the same time were busy in repairing the iron-work, and making new chains for the rudder. The number of people now on shore, sick and well, was fifty three.

In this place we got beef, pork, poultry, papaw apples, bread-fruit, limes, oranges, and every refreshment that is mentioned in the account of Lord Anson's voyage. The fick began to recover from the day they first went on shore: the air, however, was so different here from what we found it in King George's Island, that flesh meat, which there kept sweet two days, could here be scarcely kept sweet one. There had been many cocoa-nut trees near the landing-place, but they had been all wastefully cut down for the fruit, and none being grown up in their stead, we were forced togo three miles into the country before a single nut could be procured. The hunters also suffered incredible fatigue, for they were frequently obliged to go ten or twelve miles through one continued thicket, and the cattle were so wild that it was very difficult to come near them, so that I was obliged to relieve one party by another; and it being reported that cattle were more plenty at the north end of the island, but that the hunters, being quite exhausted with fatigue when they got thither, were not able to kill them, much less to bring them down, I sent Mr. Gore, with fourteen men, to establish themselves in that part of the island, and ordered that a boat should go every morning, at day-break, to bring in what they should kill. In the mean time, the ship was laid by the stern to get at Some of the copper Theathing which had been much torn; and in repairing the copper, the Carpenter difcovered and stopped a large leak under the lining of the knee of the head, by which we had reason to hope most of the water that the vessel had lately admitted in Vol. 1.



Thurf. 15.

1767. bad weather, came in. During our stay here, I or

dered all the people on shore by turns, and by the 15th of October, all the fick being recovered, our wood and water completed, and the fhip made fit for the fea, we got every thing off the shore, and embarked all our men from the watering-place, each having, at least, five hundred limes, and there being several tubs full on the quarter-deck, for every one to squeeze into

his water as he should think fit. Frid. 16.

At break of day, on Friday the 16th, we weighed, and failed out of the bay, fending the boats at the same time to the north end of the island, to bring off Mr. Gore and his hunters. At noon, we received them and their tents on board, with a fine large bull, which they had just killed.

While we lay at anchor in this place, we had many observations for the latitude and longitude, from which we drew up the following table : Latitude of the ship, as fhe lay at anchor. 14° 55' N. Longitude

214° 15'W. Latitude of the watering-place

14 Longitude of the body of Tinian Longitude of Tinian road


8 W. Medium of longitude,observed at Tinian 214 7

We continued a westerly course, inclining somewhat Wedn. 21. to the North; till the 21st, when Tinian bearing S.

71° 40' E. distant 277 leagues, we faw many birds ; Thurf. 22. and the next day, saw three resembling gannets, of

the same kind that we had feen when we were within

about thirty leagues of Tinian. Friday 23.

On the 23d we had much thunder, lightning, and rain, with strong gales and a great sea. The ship la

boured very much, and the rudder, being loose again, Saturd. 24. hook the stern as much as ever. The next day we

faw several small land birds, and the gales continuing, we split the jib and main-top-maft-stay-sail; the wind

increased all the remainder of the day, and all night, Sunday 25.

and on Sunday it blew a storm. The fore-fail and mizeu-fail were torn to pieces, and loft ; and having bent others, we wore and stood under a reefed forefail, and balanced 'mizen. We had the mortification to find the ship admit more water than usual. We got


59 N.



the top-gallant masts down upon the deck, and took 1767.

October the jib-boom in; foon after which a fea struck the ship upon the bow, and washed away the round-houses, with all the rails of the head, and every thing that was upon the fore-castle: we were, however, obliged to carry as much fail as the ship would bear, being, by Lord Anson's account very near the Bashee Isands, and, by Mr. Byron’s, not more than thirty leagues, with a lee-shore.

The next morning, we saw several ducks and shags, Monday 26. some small land birds, and a great number of horseAlies about the ship; but had no ground with 160 fathoms. The inceffant and heavy rain had kept every man on board constantly wet to the skin for more than two days and two nights; the weather was still very dark, and the sea was continually breaking over the fhip. ...

On the 27th, the darkness, rain, and tempest con- Tuesd. 27. tinuing, a mountainous sea that broke over us, staved all the half-ports to pieces on the star-board-side, broke all the iron stanchions on the gunwale, washed the boat off the skids, and carried many things overboard. We had, however, this day, a gleam of funshine, fufficient to determine our latitude, which we found to be 20° 50' N. and the ship appeared to be fifty minutes north of her reckoning.

The weather now became more moderate; at noon, Wedn. 28. on the 28th, we altered our course, steering S. by W. at half an hour after one, we saw the Bashee Iflands bearing from S. by E. to S. S. E, distant about fix leagues. These islands are all high, but the northermost is higher than the rest. By an observation made this day, we found Grafton Illand to lie in the longitude of 239° W. and in latitude of 210 4' N. At midnight, the weather being very dark, with sudden gusts of wind, we missed Edmund Morgan, a marine taylor, whom wesupposed to have fallen overboard, having reason to fear that he had drank more than his allowance.

From this time, to the 3d of November, we found November, the ship every day from ten to fifteen miles north of Tuesday 3. her reckoning. The day before we had seen several gannets; but upon sounding many times during the day and the next night, we had no ground within 160 22


1767. fathoms. This morning, at seven o'clock, we saw a November.

ledge of breakers bearing S. W. at the distance of about three miles : we hauled off from them, and at eleven saw more breakers bearing S. W. by S. diftant about five miles. At noon, we hauled off the east end of them, from which we were not distant more than a quarter of a mile.

The first shoal lies in latitude 11° 8' N. longitude, from Bashee Islands, 8o W.

The second shoal lies in latitude 10° 46' N. longitude of the N. E. end, from Bashee Islands, 8° 13' W.

We saw much foul ground to the S. and S. S. E. but had 110 bottom with 150 fathoms. Before one, however, we faw shoal water on the larboard bow, and standing

from it, passed another ledge at two. At three, we Sandy Ille. saw a low fandy point, which I called SANDY ISLE,

bearing N. į E. diftant about two miles. At five, we Small Key. saw a small and, which I called SMALL KEY, bearing

N. by E. diftant about five miles; and soon after, anLòng Inand other larger, which I called LONGISLAND, beyond it.

At fix in the evening, the largest island being distant between two and three leagues, we brought to, and food off and on from mid-night till break of day, con

tinually sounding, but having no ground. Wednes, 4.

At leven in the morning, of Wednesday, the 4th, we Now Iland. saw another island, which I called New ISLAND, bear

ing S. F.. by E. and a large reef of rocks bearing S. {W. distant fix miles. At ten, we saw breakers from W. S. W. 10 W. by N. At noon, the north end of the great reef bore S. E. by E. distant two leagues, and another reef bore W. N. W. at about the same distance.

The latitudes and longitudes of these islands and fhoals, appear by the following table :

Sandy Ille

10° 40' 2470
Small Key

37 247 16 Long Inand

20 247 New Island

247 40 First Shoal

14 247

36 Second Shoal

4 247 45 Third Shoal

5 247 Soon after we saw another reef in latitude 10° 15, longitude 248.9.







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Thursd. 5:

The next day we found the thip, which had for 1767.

November. some time been to the northward of her reckoning, eight miles to the southward.-s 1. We continued our course, often founding, but finding no bottom. On the 7th we passed through several Saturd. 7. ripplings of a current, and saw great quantities of drift-wood, cocoa-nut leaves, things like cones of firs, and weed, which swam in a stream N. E. and S. W. We had now foundings and fixty-five fathoms, with brown fund, small shells, and stones ; and at noon, found the ship again to the northward of her reckoning ten miles, and had decreased our foundings to twenty eight fathoms, with the same ground. Our latitude was 8° 36' N. longitude 253o W. At two o'clock, we saw the island of Condore, from the maft-head, bearing W. N. At four, we had ground with twenty fathoms; the island bearing from W. to N. W. by W. diftant about thirteen leagues, and having the appearance of high hummocks. The latitude of this island is 8° 40' N longitude, by our reckoning, 254°15'5

We now altered our course, and the next morning Sunday 8. I took, from the petty officers and seamen, all the log and journal books relative to the voyage.

On the roth, being in latitude 5° 20' N. longitude Tuesday 1o. 255o W. we found a current setting four fathoms an hour S. by W. and during our courfe to the islands Timoun, Aros, and Befang, which we saw about fix in the afternoon of the 13th, we were every day from Friday 13. ten to twenty miles southward of our reckoning.

On the 16th, at ten in the morning, we crossed the Mond. 16. line again into fouth latitude, in longitude 2550; and soon after we saw two islands, one bearing S. by E. distant five leagues, the other S. by W. diftant seven leagues.

The next morning the weather became very dark Tuesd. 17. and tempestuous, with heavy rain; we therefore clewed all up, and lay by till we could see about us,: The two islands proved to be Pulo Toté, and Pulo Weste; and having made fail till one o'clock, we saw the Seven Islands. We continued our course till two the next Wednes. 1$. morning, the weather being very dark, with heavy squalls of wind, and much lightning and rain. While one of these blasts was blowing with all its violence,


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