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1767. Auguft.

Friday 14.

at a considerable distance from the shore, we stood off and on all night.

At four o'clock the next morning, we sent off the boats to found, and visit the island; and as soon as it was light, we ran down and lay over-against the middle of it. At noon, the boats returned, and reported that they had run within a cable's length of the island, but could find no ground: that seeing a reef of rocks lie off it, they had hauled round it, and got into a large deep bay which was full of rocks: that they then founded without the bay, and found anchorage from 14 to 20 fathom, with a bottom of sand and coral : that afterwards they went again into the bay, and found a rivulet of good water, but the shore being rocky, went in search of a better landing-place, which they found about half a mile farther, and went afhore. They reported also, that from the water to this landing-place, a good rolling way might be made for fupplying the fhip, but that a strong guard would be necessary, to prevent molestation from the inhabitants. They saw no hogs, but brought off two fowls and some cocoanuts, plantains and bananas. While the boats were on shore, two canoes came up to them with six men: they seemed to be peaceably inclined, and were much the same kind of people as the inhabitants of King George's Island, but they were cloathed in a kind of matting, and the first joint of their little fingers had been taken off; at the same time about fifty more came down from the country, to within about an hundred yards of them, but would advance no farther. When our people had made what observations they could, they put off, and three of the natives from the canoes came into one of the boats; but when she got about half a mile from the shore, they all suddenly jumped over-board, and swam back again.

Having received this account, I considered that the watering her would be tedious, and attended with great fatigue: that it was now the depth of winter in the southern hemisphere, that the ship was leaky, that the rudder shook the stern very much, and that what other damage she might have received in her bottom could not be known. That for these reasons, she was very unfit for the bad weather which she would certainly meet with either in going round Cape Horn, or

1767

Auguft. through the Streight of Magellan: that if the should get safely through the Streight, or round the Cape, it would be absolutely necesary for her to refresh in some port, but in that case no port would be in her reach; I therefore determined to make the best of my way to Tinian, Batavia, and so to Europe by the Cape of Good Hope. By this route, as far as we could judge, we should sooner be at home; and if the ship should prove not to be in a condition to make the whole

voyage, we should still save our lives, as from this place to Batavia we should probably have a calm fea, and be not far from a port.

In consequence of this resolution, at noon I bore away, and passed Boscawen's Island without visiting it. It is a high round island, abounding in wood, and full of people; but Kepple. Ille is the largelt and the best of the two.

Boscawen's Illand lies in latitude 15° 50'S. longitude 1750 W. and Kepple’s Ille in latitude 15° 55' S. longitude 1750-3' W.

We continued a W. N. W. course till 10 o'clock in the morning of Sunday the 16th, when we saw Sunday. land bearing, N., by E. and, hauled up for it. At noon, we were within three leagues of it: the land within shore appeared to be high, but at the water side it was, low, and had a pleasant appearance; the whole seemed to be furrounded by reefs, that ran two or three miles into the sea. As we failed along the shore, which was covered with cocoa-nut-trees, we saw a few. huts, and smoke in several parts of the country. Soon after we hauled without a reef of rocks, to get round the lee-side of the island, and at the same time sent out the boats to sound, and examine the coast.

The boats rowed close along the shore, and found it rocky, with trees growing close down to the waterside. These trees were of different sorts, many of them very large, but had no fruit: on the lee-side, however, there were a few cocoa-nuts, but not a sina gle habitation was to be seen. They discovered several small rills of water, which, by clearing, might have been made to run in a larger stream. Soon after they had got close to the shore, several canoes came up to

them,

1767: them, each having fix or eight men on board. They August

appeared to be a robust, active people, and were quite naked, except a kind of mat that was wrapped round their middle. They were armed with large maces or clubs, such as Hercules is represented with, two of which they sold to the Master for a nail or two, and some trinkets. As our people had seen no animal, either bird or beast except sea-fowl, they were very defirous to learn of the natives whether they had either, but could not make themselves understood. It appears that during this conference, a design was formed to seize our cutter, for one of the Indians suddenly laid hold of her painter, and hauled her upon the rocks. Our people endeavoured, in vain, to make them delift, till they fired a musket cross the nose of the man that was most active in the mischief. No hurt was done; but the fire and report fo affrighted them, that they made off with great precipitation. Both our boats then put off, but the water had fållen so suddenly that they found it very difficult to get back to the ship; for when they came into deep water they found the points of rocks standing up, and the whole reef, except in one part, was now dry, and a great sea broke over it. The Indians probably perceived their distress, for they turned back, and followed them in their canoes all along the reef till they got to the breach, and then seeing them clear, and making way fast towards the ship, they returned.

About fix in the evening, it being then dark, the boats returned, and the Master told me, that all within the reef was rocky; but that in two or three places, at about two cables length without it, there was anchorage in 18, 14, and 12 fathomas, upon sand and coral. The breach in ihe reef he found to be about 60 fathoms broad, and here, if pressed by neceflity, he said a ship might anchor or moor 8 fathoms; but that it would not be safe to moor with a greater length than half a cable.

When I had hoisted the boats in, I ran down four miles to leeward, where we lay till the morning; and then, finding that the current had set us out of sight of the island, I made fail. The officers did me the honour to call this island after my name. Wallis's 1767. ISLAND lies in latitude 13° 18' S. longitude 177° W.

honour

A uguft. As the latitudes and longitudes of all these islands Wallis's are accurately laid down, and plans of them delivered INand. in to the Admiralty, it will be easy for any ship, that skall hereafter navigate these seas, to find any of them, either to refresh or to make farther discoveries of their produce.

I thought it very remarkable, that although we found no kind of metal in any of those islands, yet the inhabitants of all of them, the moment they got a piece of iron in their possession, began to sharpen it, but made no such attempt on brass or copper.

We continued to steer N. wefterly, and many birds were from time to time seen about the ship till the 28th, when her longitude being, by observation, 1870 Friday 28. 24' W. we crossed the line into North latitude. Among the birds that came about the ship, one which we caught exactly resembled a dove in size, shape, and colour. It had red legs, and was web-footed. We also faw several plantain leaves, and cocoa nuts, pass by the ship:

On Saturday the 29th, about two o'clock in the af- Saturd. 29. ternoon, being in latitude 2° 50' N. longitude 188° W. we crossed a great rippling, which stretched from the N, E. to the S. W, as far as the eye could reach from the maft-head. We founded, but had no bottom with a line of two hundred fathoms.

On Thursday the 3d of September, at five o'clock September. in the morning, we saw land bearing E. N. E. distant Thurs. 3. about five miles: in about half an hour we saw more land in the N. W. and at six saw in the N. E. an Indian proa,

such is described in the account of Lord Anson's voyage. Perceiving that she stood towards us, we hoisted Spanish colours; but when she came within about two miles of us, she tacked, and stood from us to the N. N. W, and in a short time was out of sight.

At eight o'clock the islands, which I judged to be two of the Piscadores, bore from S. W. by W. to W. and 10' windward, from N. by E. to N. E. and had the appearance of small flat keys. They were distant about three leagues; but many others, much farther

off,

as

Thursd. 17

1767.. off, were in sight. The latitude of one of these islands September.

is 11° N. longitude 192° 30' W. and the other 11°

20' N. longitude 1920 58' W. Monday 7 On the 7th, we saw a curlieu and a pewit, and on

the 9th we caught a land-bird, very much resembling a starling.

On the 17th, we saw two gannets, and judged the island of Tinian to bear West, at about one and thir

ty leagues distance; our latitude being 15° N. and our Friday 18. longitude 212° 30' W. At fix o'clock, the next morn

ing, we saw the island of Saypan, bearing W. by N. distant about ten leagues. In the afternoon we saw

Tinian, and made fail for the road; where, at nine Satur, 19. o'clock in the morning of Saturday the 19th, we came

to an anchor in two and twenty fathoms, fandy ground, at about a mile distant from the shore, and half a mile from the reef.

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Sonte Account of the prefent State of the Island of Tinian,

and our Employment there; with what happened in the Run from thence to Batavia.

S soon as the ship was secured, I sent the boats

freshments; and about noon they returned, with some cocoa-nuts, limes, and oranges.

In the evening the tents being erected, I sent the Surgeon, and all the invalids on shore, with two months provisions, of every kind, for forty men, the Smith's forge, and a chest of Carpenter's tools. I then landed myself, with the First Lieutenant, both of us being in a very sickly condition, taking with us'also a mate, and twelve men, to go up

thé

country and hunt for cattle. Sunday 20. When we first came to an 'anchor, the North part

of the bay bore North 39°W. Cocoa Point N. 70 W. the landing-place N. E. by N. and the south end of the island S. 28° E. but next morning the Mafter having sounded all the bay, and being of opi nion that there was a better situation to the southward, we warped the ship a little 'way up; moored with a cable each way.

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