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1767. June.

The natives would indeed sometimes pilfer, but by the terror of a gun, without using' it, he always found means to make them bring back what was stolen. A fellow had one day the dexterity and address to cross the river unperceived, and steal a hatchet; the Gunner, as soon as he missed it, made the old man understand what had happened, and got his party ready, as if he would have gone

into the woods after the thief : the old man, however, made signs that he would fave him the trouble, and immediately setting off, returned in a very short time with the hatchet. The Gunner then insisted that the offender should be delivered up, and with this the old man, though not without great reluctance, complied. When the fellow was brought down, the Gunner knew him to be an old offender, and therefore sent him prisoner on board. I had no intention to punish him otherwise, than by the fear of punishment, and therefore, after great entreaty and interceflion, I gave him his liberty, and sent him on shore. When the natives saw him return in safety, it is hard to say whether their astonishment or joy was greatest; they received him with univerial acclamations, and immediately carried him off into the woods : the next day, however, he returned, and as a propitiation to the Gunner, he brought him a considerable quantity of bread-fruit, and a large hog ready roasted.

At this time the people on board were employed in caulking and painting the weather-work, over-hauling the rigging, stowing the hold, and doing other necessary business; but my disorder, which was a bilious cholic, increased so much, that this day I was obliged to take to my bed; my First Lieutenant also still continued very ill, and the Purser was incapable of his duty. The whole command devolved upon Mr. Furneaux, the Second Lieutenant, to whom I gave general directions, and recommended a particular attention to the people on shore. I also ordered that fruit and fresh provisions should be served to the ship's company as long as they could be procured, and that the boats should never be absent from the ship after sun-fet. These directions were fulfilled with such prudence and punctuality, that during all my


fickness I was not troubled with any business, nor had ,767. the mortification to hear a single complaint or appeal.

June. The men were constantly served with fresh pork, fowls, and fruit, in such plenty, that when I left my bed, after having been confined to it near a fortnight, my ship's company looked so fresh and healthy, that I could scarcely believe them to be the same people.

Sunday the 28th was marked by no incident ; but Sund. 28. on Monday the 29th, one of the Gunner's party found Mondi ý 201 a piece of faltpetre near as big as an egg. As this was an object of equal curiosity and importance, diligent inquiry was immediately made from whence it came.

The surgeon asked every one of the people on shore,
separately, whether he had brought it from the ship;
every one on board also was asked whether he had
carried it on shore ; but all declared that they had never
had such a thing in their posseffion. Application was
then made to the natives, but the meaning of both
parties was so imperfectly conveyed by figns, that no-
thing could be learnt of them about it: during our
whole stay here, however, we faw no more than this
one piece.

While the gunner was trafficking for provisions on
shore, we sometimes hauled the feine, but we caught
no fish; we also frequently trawled, but with no bet-
ter success: the disappointment, however, was 110t felt,
for the produce of the island enabled our people to
“ fare fumptuously every day."
All matters continued in the same situation till the

2d of July, when our old man being absent, the supply Thuisd. 2.
of fresh provisions and fruit fell fhort; we had, howe-
ver, enough to serve most of the messes, reserving
plenty for the sick and convalescent.

On the 3d, we heeled the ship, and looked at her bottom, which we found as clean as when she came out of dock, and to our great fatisfaction as found. During all this time, none of the natives came near our boats, or the ship, in their canoes.

This day, about noon, we caught a very large Thark, and when the boats went to fetch the people on board to dinner, we sent it on shore. When the boats were putting


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Friday 3

1767. off again, the Gunner seeing some of the natives on the July

other side of the river, beckoned them to come over; they immediately complied, and he gave them the shark, which they soon cut to pieces, and carried away with great appearance of satisfaction.

On Sunday the 5th, the old man returned to the Sunday 5. market-tent, and made the gunner understand that he

had been up the country, to prevail upon the people to bring down their hogs, poultry, and fruit, of which the parts near the watering place were now nearly exhausted. The good effects of his expedition foon appeared, for several Indians, whom our people had never seen before, came in with some hogs that were larger than any that had been yet brought to market. In the mean time, the old man ventured off in his canoe to the ship, and brought with him, as a present to me, a hog ready roasted. I was much pleased with his attention and liberality, and gave him, in return for his hog, an iron pot, a looking-glass, a drinking-glass, and several other things, which no man in the island was in poffeffion of but himself.

While our people were on shore, several young women were permitted to cross the river, who, though they were not averse to the granting of personal favours, knew the value of them too well not to ftipulate for a consideration ; the price indeed, was not great, yet it was such as our men were not always able to pay, and under this temptation they stole nails and other iron from the ship. The nails that we brought for traffic, were not always in their reach, and therefore they drew feveral out of different parts of the veffel, particularly those that faltened the cleats to the ship's side. This was productive of a double mischief; dainage to the ship, and a considerable rise at market. When the Gunner offered, as usual, small nails for hogs of a middling size, the natives refused to take them, and produced large spikes, intimating that they expected fuch nails as these. A most diligent enquiry was set on foot to discover the offenders, but all to no purpose ; and though a large reward was offered to procure intelligence, nicie was obtained. I was inortified at the difappointment, but I was still more mortified at a fraud which I found some of our people had practised upon


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the natives. When no nails were to be procured, 1767.

. they had stolen lead, and cut it up in the shape of nails. Many of the natives, who had been paid with this bafe money, brought their leaden nails with great fimplicity, to the Gunner, and requested him to give them iron in their stead. With this request, however reasonable, he could not comply, because, by sendering lead current, it would have encouraged the stealing it, and the market would have been as effe&ually spoiled by those who could not procure nails, as by those who could; it was therefore necessary, upon every account, to render this leaden currency of no value, though for our honour I should have been glad to have called it in.

On Tuesday the 7th, I sent one of the mates, with Tuesday 7. thirty men, to a village at a little distance from the market, hoping that refreshments might there be bought at the original price; but here they were obliged to give still more than at the water-side. In the mean time, being this day able to get up for the first time, and the weather being fine, I went into a boat, and rowed about four miles down the coast. I found the country populous, and pleasant in the highest degree, and saw many canoes on the shore; but not one came off to us, nor did the people seem to take the least notice of us as we passed along. About noon I returned to the ship.

The commerce which our men had found means to establish with the women of the island, rendered them much less obedient to the orders that had been given for the regulation of their conduct on shore, than they were at first. I found it necessary therefore to read the articles of war, and I punished James Proctor, the Corporal of marines, who had not only quitted his station, and inlulted the officer, but struck the Master at Arms such a blow as brought him to the ground.

The next day, I sent a party up the country to cut Wednes. 3. wood, and they met with fome of the natives, who treated them with great kindness and hospitality. Several of these friendly Indians came on board in our boat, and seemed, both by their dress and behaviour, to be of a superior rank. To these people I paid a particular attention; and to discover what present would most gratify them, I laid down before them a VOL. I,


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1767. Johannes, a guinea, a crown piece, a Spanish dollar,

a few shillings, fome new halfpence, and two large
nails, making signs that they should take what they
liked best. The nails were first seized, with great
eagerness, and then a few of the halfpence, but the
silver and gold lay neglected. Having presented them,
therefore, with some nails and halfpence, I fent them
on fhere superlatively happy.

From this time, our market was very ill supplied,
the Indians refusing to fell provisions at the usual price,
and making figns for large nails. It was now thought
necessary to look more diligently about the ship, tó
discover what nails had been drawnı; it was soon found
that all the belaying cleets had been ripped off, and
that there was scarcely one of the hammock nails left.
All hands were now ordered up, and I practised every
artifice I could think of to discover the thieves, but
without fuccefs. I then told them that till the thieves
were discovered, not a single man should go on shore:
this however produced no effect, except that Proctor,
the Corporal, behaved in a mutinous manner, for

which he was instantly punished.
Satuz. si, On Saturday the 11th, in the afternoon, the Gun-

ner came on board with a tall woman, who seemed to
be about five and forty years of age, of a pleafing
countenance and majestic deportment. He told me
that she was but just come into that part of the coun-
try, and that seeing great respect paid her by the rest
of the natives, he had made her some presents; in
return for which she had invited him to her house,
which was about two miles up the valley, and given
him some large hogs; after which the returned with
him to the watering-place, and expressed a desire to
go on board the ship, in which he had thought it
proper, on all accounts, that the should be gratified.
She seemed to be under no restraint, either from diffi-
dence or fear, when the first came into the ship; and
the behaved, all the while she was on board, with an
easy freedom, that always distinguishes conscious supe-
riority and habitual command. I gave her a large blue
mantle, that reached from her shoulders to her feet,
which I threw over her, and tied on with ribbands;
I gave her also a looking-glass, beads of several forts,


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