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boat, to acquaint the officer on shore with what I had 5767. seen, and order him immediately to come on board

June. with his men, and leave the casks behind him : he had however, discovered his danger, and embarked before the boat reached him. Having perceived the Indians that were creeping towards him under thelter of the wood, he immediately dispatched the old man to them, making signs that they should keep at a distance, and that he wanted nothing but water.

As soon as they perceived that they were discovered, they began to shout, and advanced with greater speed, The officer immediately repaired to the boats with his peo. ple; and the Indians, in the mean time having crossed the river, took possession of the water casks, with great appearance of exultation and joy.

The canoes now pulled along the shore, towards the place, with the utmost expedition, all the people on land keeping pace with them, except a multitude of women and children, who seated themselves upon a hill which overlooked the bay and the beach. The canoes from each point of the bay, as they drew nearer to that part of it where the ship was at anchor, put on shore and took in more men, who had great bags in their hands, which afterwards appeared to be filled with stones. All the canoes that had come round the points, and many others that had put off from the shore within the bay, now made towards the ship, so that I had no doubt but that they intended to try their fortune in a second attack. As to shorten the contest would certainly lessen the mischief, I determined to make this action decisive, and puc an end to hoftilities at once ; I therefore ordered the people, who were all at their quarters, to fire first upon the canoes, which were drawn together in groups: this was immediately done fo effectually, that those which were to the westward made towards the shore as fast as possible, and those to the eastward, getting round the recf, were soon beyond the reach of our guns.

I then directed the fire into the wood in different parts, which soon drove the Indians out of it, who ran up the hill where the women and children had seated themselves to see the battle. Upon this hill there were now several thousands who thought themselves in perfect security ; but to convince them

of

1767. June.

of the contrary, and hoping that when they saw the shot fall much farther than they could think poflible, they would suppose it could reach them at any distance, I ordered some of the guns to be let down as low as they would admit, and fired four shot towards them. Two of the balls fell close by a tree where a great number of these people were fitting, and struck them with such terror and consternation, than in less than two minutes not one of them was to be seen. Having thus cleared the coast, I manned and armed the boats, and putting a strong guard on board, I sent all the

carpenters with their axes, and ordered them to destroy every canoe that had been run a-shore. Before noon, this service was effectually performed, and more than fifty canoes, many of which were fixty feet long, and three broad, and lashed together, were cut to pieces. Nothing was found in them but stones and slings, except a little fruit, and a few fowls and hogs, which were on board two or three canoes of a much smaller size.

At two o'clock in the afternoon, about ten of the natives came out of the wood with green boughs in their hands, which they stuck up near the water side, and retired. After a short time, they appeared again, and brought with them several hogs, with their legs tied, which they placed near the green boughs, and retired a second time. After this they brought down feveral more hogs, and some dogs, with their fore legs tied over their heads, and going again into the woods, brought back several bundles of the cloth which they use for apparel, and which has some resemblance to Indian paper. These they placed upon the beach, and called to us on board to fetch them away. As we were at the distance of about three cables length, we could not then perfectly discover of what this peaceoffering consisted : we guessed at the hogs and the cloth, but feeing the dogs, with their fore legs appearing over the hinder part of the neck, rise up several times, and run a little way in an ere& pofture, we took them for some strange unknown animal, and were very impatient to have a nearer view of them. The boat was therefore sent on shore with all expedition, and our wonder was soon at an end. Our people

found emotion,

1

found nine good hogs, besides the dogs and the cloth : 1767.

June. the hogs were brought off, but the dogs were turned loose, and with the cloth left behind. In return for the hogs, our people left upon the shore some hatchets, nails, and other things, making signs to some of the Indians who were in fight, to take ihem away with their cloth. Soon after the boat had come on board, the Indians brought down two more hogs, and called to us to fetch them; the boat therefore returned, and fetched off the two hogs, but still left the cloth, though the Indians made signs that we should take it. Our people reported, that they had not touched any of the things which they had left upon the beach for them, and somebody suggesting that they would not take our offering because we had not accepted their cloth, I gave orders that it should be fetched away. The event proved that the conjecture was true, or the moment the boat had taken the cloth on board, the Indians came down, and with every possible demon{tration of joy, carried away all I had sent them into the wood. Our boats then went into the watering-place, and filled and brought off the casks, to the amount of about six tons. We found that they had suffered no injury while they had been in the possession of the Indians, hut some leathern buckets and funnels, which had been taken away with the casks, were not returned.

The next morning I sent the boats on shore, with a Satur. 27. guard, to fill some more casks with water, and soon after the people were on shore, the same old man, who had come over the river to them the first day, came again to the farther side of it, where he made a long speech, and then crossed the water. When he came up to the waterers, the officer shewed him the stones that were piled up like cannon balls upon the shore, and had been brought thither since our first landing, and some of the bags that had been taken out of the canoes which I had ordered to be destroyed, filled with stones, and endeavoured to make him understand that the Indians had been the aggreffors, and that the mischief we had done them was in our own defence. The old man seemed to apprehend his meaning, but not to admit it: he immediately made a speech to the people, pointing to the stones, slings, and bags, with great

1767. Junc.

emotion, and sometimes his looks, gestures, and voice
were so furious as to be frightful. His passions, how-
ever, subsided by degrees, and the officer, who to his
great regret could not understand one word of all that
he had said, endeavoured to convince him, by all the
signs he could devise, that we wished to live in friend-
ship with them, and were disposed to shew them every
mark of kindness in our power. He then shook hands
with him, and embraced him, giving him at the same
time several such trinkets as he thought would be most
acceptable. He contrived also to make the old man
understand that we wished to traffic for provisions, that
the Indians should not come down in great numbers,
and that they should keep on one side of the river and
we on the other. After this the old man went away
with great appearance of satisfaction, and before noon
a trade was established, which furnished us with hogs,
fowls and fruit in great abundance, so that all the ship's
company, whether fick or well, had as much as they
could use.

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The fick fent on fore, and a regular Trade established

with the Natizes. Some account of their Character
and Manners, of their Visits on board the Ship, and a
Variety of Incidents that happened during this Inter-
course.

Satur. 27

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ATTERS being thus happily settled, I sent

the Surgeon, with the second Lieutenant, to examine the country, and fix upon some place where the fick might take up their residence on shore. When they returned, they said, that with respect to health and convenience, all the places that they had feen upon the island seemed to be equally proper : but that with respect to safety, they could recommend none but the watering-place, as they would be there under the protection of the ship and the guard, and would easily be prevented from straggling into the country, and brought off to their meals. To the wateringplace therefore I sent them, with those that were emploved in filling the casks, and appointed the Gupner

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1767. Junc.

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to command the party that was to be their guard. A
tent was erected for them as a shelter both from the sun
and the rain, and the Surgeon was sent to superintend
their conduet, and give his advice if it should be wanted.
It happened that walking out with his gun, after he had
seen the sick properly disposed of in the tent, a wild
duck flew over his head, which he shot, and it fell
dead among some of the natives who were on the
other side of the river. This threw them into a panic,
and they all ran away: when they got to some distance
they stopped, and he made signs to them to bring the
duck over : this one of them at last ventured to do,
and, pale and trembling, laid it down at his feet. Se-
veral other ducks happening at that instant to fly over
the spot where they were standing, he fired again, and
fortunately brought down three more. This incident
gave the natives such a dread of a gun, that if a muf-
quet was pointed at a thousand of them, they would
all run away like a flock of sheep ; and probably the
ease with which they were afterwards kept at a distance,
and their orderly behaviour in their traffic, was in a
great measure owing to their having upon this occasion
seen the instrument of which before they had only felt
the effects.

As I foresaw that a private traffic would probably
commence between such of our people as were on
shore, and the natives, and that if it was left to their
own caprice, perpetual quarrels and mischief would
ensue, I ordered that all inatters of traffic should be
transacted by the Gunner, on behalf of both parties,
and I directed him to see that no injury was done to
the natives, either by violence or fraud, and by all
possible means to attach the old man to his interest.
This service he performed with great diligence and
fidelity, nor did he neglect to complain of those who
transgressed my orders, which was of infinite advan-
tage to all parties; for as I punished the first offenders
with a necessary severity, many irregularities, that
would otherwise have produced the most disagreeable
consequences, were prevented: we were also indebted
for many advantages to the old man, whose caution
kept our people perpetually on their guard, and foon
brought back those who atraggled from the party.

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