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1767. June.

climb. At noon, the rolling-way being made, the cutter returned laden with water, but it was with great difficulty got off the beach, as it is all rock, and the surf that breaks upon it, is often very great.' At four, I received another boat-load of water, and a fresh supply of cocoa-nuts, palm-nuts, and scurvy-grass ; the Surgeon also returned with the fick men, who received much benefit from their walk. The next morning, as soon as it was light, I dispatched orders to the mate, to send all the water that was filled on board, and to be ready to come off with his people when the boats should return again, bringing with them as many cocoa nuts, and as much scurvy-grass as they could procure. About eight o'clock, all the boats and

people came on board, with the water and refreshments, but the cutter, in coming off, shipped a sea, which almost filled her with water : the barge was happily near enough to aslift her, by taking great part of her crew on board, while the rest freed her, without any other damage than the loss of the cocoa-nuts and greens that were on board. At noon, I hoisted the boats in, and there being a great sea, with a dreadful surf rolling in upon the shore, and no anchorage, I thought it prudent to leave this place, with such refreshments, as we had gat." The people who had resided on tore, saw no appearance of metal of any kind, bụt several tools, which were made of shells and stones, Harpened and fitted into handles, like adzes, chiffels, and awls. They saw several canoes building, which are formed of planks, sewed together, and fastened to several small timbers, that pass gransversely along the bottom and up the Gides. They saw several repositories of the dead, in which the body was left to putrefy under a canopy, and not put into the ground.

When we failed, we left a union jack Aying upon the island, with the ships name, the time of being here, and an account of our taking possession of this place, and Whitsun Island, in the name of his Britannic Majesty, cụt on a piece of wood, and in the bark of several trees. We also left some hatchets, nails, glass-bottles, beads, shillings, fixpences, and halfpence, as presents to the natives, and an atonement


1767. for the disturbance we had given them. Queen CharJune.

lotte's Island is about six miles long, and one mile wide, lies in latitude 19° 18 S. longitude, by observation, 1380 4' W. and we found the variation here to be 40 46' E.

We made fail with a fine breeze, and about one o'clock, faw an island w. by S. Queen Charlotte's Island, at this time bearing E. by N. diftant 15 miles. At half an hour after three, we were within about three quarters of a mile of the east end of the island, and Tan close along the shore, but had no soundings. The east and west ends are joined to each other by a reef of rocks, over which the sea breaks into a lagoon, in the middle of the island, which therefore, had the appearance of two islands, and seemed to be about fix miles long, and four broad. The whole of it is low land, full of trees, but we faw not a single cocoa-nut, nor any huts : we found, however, at the westermoft end, all the canoes and people who had fled, at our approach, from Queen Charlotte's Inand, and fome more. We counted eight double canoes, and about fourscore people, mer, women, and children. The canoes were drawn up upon the beach, the women and children were placed near them, and the men advanced with their pikes and firebrands, making a great noise and dancing in a strange manner.

We observed that this island was sandy, and that under the trees there was no verdure. As the shore was every where rocky, as there was no anchorage, and as we had no prospect of obtaining any refreshment here, I set fail, at fix

o'clock in the evening, from this island, to which I Egmont

gave the name of EGMONT ISLAND, in honour of Inand.

the earl of Egmont, who was then first Lord of the Admiralty. It lies in latitude 19° 20' S. longitude, by observation, 138° 30' W.

At one o'clock, on the 11th, we saw an island, in the W. S. W. and stood for it. At four in the afternoon, we were within a quarter of a mile of the shore, and ran along it, sounding continually, but could get no ground. It is surrounded on every side by rocks, on which the sea breaks very high. It is full of trees, but not one cocoa-nut, and has much the same appearance with Egmont Island, but is much narrower. Among the

Thurf. 11.


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rocks, at the west end, we saw about sixteen of the 1767. natives, but no canoes: they carried long pikes or

June. poles in their hands, and seemed to be, in every respect the same kind of people that we had seen before. As nothing was to be had here, and it blew very hard, I made fail till eight in the evening, and then brought to. To this island, which is about six miles long, and from one mile to one quarter of a mile broad, I gave the name of GLOUCESTER ISLAND, in honour of Gloucester his Royal Highness the Duke. It lies in latitude Illand. 19° ir S. and longitude, by observation, 140° 4' W.

At five o'clock in the morning, we made fail, and Friday 12. soon after saw another island. At 10 o'clock, the weather being tempestuous, with much rain, we saw a long reel, with breakers on each side of the island, and therefore brought the ship to, with her head off the shore. To this Island, which lies in latitude 19° 18' S. longitude, by observation, 1400 36' W. I gave the name of CUMBERLAND ISLAND, in honour of Cumberhis Royal Highness the Duke. It lies low, and is land’s Iland about the fame size as Queen Charlotte's Island. We found the variation of the needle here to be 7° 10' E. As I had no hope of finding any refreshment here, I stood on to the westward.

At day-break, on Saturday the 13th, we saw ano- Saturd. 13. ther small low island, in the N. N. W. right to windward. It had the appearance of small flat keys. This place I called PRINCE WILLIAM HENRY'S ISLAND, Prince in honour of his Majesty's third son. It lies in latitude William

Henry's 190 S. longitude, by observation, 141° 6' W. I made land,

, no stay here, hoping, that to the westward I should find higher land, where the ship might come to an anchor, and such refreshments as we wanted be procured. Soon after day-light, on the 17th, we saw land bear-Wednes

. 17. ing W. by N. and making in a small round hummock. At noon, when it bore N. 64 W. diftant about five leagues, its appearance greatly refembled the Mewstone in Plymouth Sound, but it seemed to be much larger. We found the ship this day, 20 miles to the northward of her reckoning, which I imputed to a great S. W. fwell.


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1767. At five in the evening, this island bore N. W. distang June.

about eight miles. I then hauled the wind, and stood on and off all night. At ten, we saw a light upon the fore, which, though the island was small, proved that it was inhabited, and gave us hopes that we should find anchorage near it. We observed with great pleafure, that the land was very high, and covered with

cocoa-trees ; a sure sign that there was water. "I hurfd. 18. The next morning, I sent Lieutenant Furneaux to

the shore, with the boats manned and armed, and all kinds of trinkets, to e{tablish a traffick with the natives, for such refreshment as the place would afford. I gave him orders also to find, if possible, an anchoring place for the ship. While we were getting out the boats, several canoes put off from the island, but as soon as the people on board saw them make towards the shore, they put back. At noon the boats returned, and brought with them a pig and a cock, with a few plaintains and cocoa-nuts. Mr. Furneaux reported, that he had seen at least an hundred of the inhabitants, and believed there were many more upon the island; but that having been all round it, he could find no anchorage, nor scarcely a landing-place for the boat. When he reached the shore, he came to a grappling and threw a warp to the indians upon the beach, who caught it and held it fast. He then began to converse with them by signs, and observed that they had no weapon among them, but that some of them had white sticks, which seemed to be ensigns of authority, as the people who bore them kept the rest of the natives back. In return for the pig and cock he gave them fome beads, a looking-glass, a few combs, with several other trinkets, and a hatchet. The women, who had been kept at a distance, as soon as they saw the trinkets, ran down in a croud to the beach, with great eagerness, bụt were foon driven away by the men, at which they expressed much disappointment and vexation. While this traffic was carrying on, a man came secretly round a rock, and diving down, took up the boats grappling, and at the same time, the people on shore who held the warp, made an effort to draw her into the surf. As soon as this was perceived by the people on board they fired a musket over the man's head who had taken up



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