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1766. fathom. When we were upon this shoal, Cape PorDecember.

poise bore W. S. W. { W. the south end of Elizabeth's Island W. N. W. 1 W. diftant three leagues, and the south-end of Saint George's Island N. E. distant four leagues. The store-ship, which was about half a league to the southward of us, had once no more than four fathom, apd for a considerable time not seven ; the Swallow, which was three or four miles to the southward, had deep water, for she kept near to St. George's Island. In my opinion it is safest to run down from the north-end of Elizabeth's Island, about two or three miles from the shore, and so on all the way to Port Famine. At noon, a low point bore E. 1 N. Freshwater Bay S. W. W. At this time we were about three miles distant from the north shore, and had no ground with 80 fathom. Our longitude, by observation, which was made over the shoal, was 71° 20' W. our latitude 53° 12' S.

About four o'clock we anchored in Port Famine Bay, in 13 fathom, and there being little wind, fent all the boats, and towed in the Swallow and Prince

Frederick. Saturd. 27. . The next morning, the weather being squally, we

warped the ship farther into the harbour, and moored her with a cable each way in nine fathom. I then sent a party of men to pitch two large tents in the bottom of the bay, for the fick, the wooders, and the failmakers, who were soon after sent on shore with the surgeon, the gunner, and some midshipmen. Cape St. Anne now bore N. E. by E. diftant three quarters

of a mile, and Sedger River S. W. Sund. 28. On the 28th we unbent all the fails, and fent

them on shore to be repaired, erected tents upon the banks of Sedger River, and sent all the empty casks on shore, with the coopers to trim them, and a mate and ten men to wash and fill them. We also hauled the seine, and caught fish in great plenty: some of them resembled a mullet, but the Aesh was very soft ; and among them were a few smelts, some of which were twenty inches long, and weighed four and twenty


During our whole stay in this place we caught fith enough to furnish one meal a day both for the sick and

the December

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the well: we found also great plenty of celery and pea

1766. tops, which were boiled with the pease and portable soup: besides these, we gathered great quantities of fruit that resembled the cranberry, and the leaves of shrub somewhat like our thorn, which were remarkably four. When we arrived, all our people began to look pale and meagre; many had the scurvy to a great degree, and upon others there were manifest signs of its approach ; yet in a fortnight there was not a scorbutic person in either of the ships. Their recovery was effected by their being on shore, eating plenty of vegetables, being obliged to wash their apparel, and keep their persons clean by daily bathing in the sea.

The next day we set up the forge on thore ; and Monday 29. from this time, the armourers, carpenters, and the rest of the people were employed in refitting the ship, and making her ready for the sea.

In the mean time, a considerable quantity of wood was cut, and put on board the store.ship, to be sent to Falkland's Island ;, and as I well knew there was no wood growing there, I caused fome thousands of young trees to be carefully taken up with their roots, and a proper quantity of earth : and packing them in the best manner I could, I put them also on board the storeship, with orders to deliver them to the commanding officer at Port Egmont, and to fail for that place with the first fair wind, putting on board two of my seamen, who being in an ill state of health when they first came on board, were now altogether unfit to proceed in the voyage.

On Wednesday the 14th of January, we got all our 1767. people and tents on board; having taken in seventy- January five tons of water from the shore, and twelve months provisions of all kinds, at whole allowance, for ourselves, and ten months for the Swallow, from on board the store-ship. I sent the master in the cutter, which was vi&ualled for a week, to look out for anchoring places on the north shore of the Streight.

After several attempts to fail, the weather obliged us to continue in our old station till Saturday the 17th, Satur. 17. when the Prince Frederick Vi&tualler failed for FalkLand's Island, and the master returned from his expe


Wedn. 14.

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1767; dition. The master reported that he had found four January, places, in which there was good anchorage, between

The place where we lay and Cape Froward that he had
been on shore at feveral places, where he had found
plenty of wood and water clofe to the beach, with
abundance of cranberries and wild celery. He re-
ported also, that he had seen a great number of currant
bushes full of fruit, though none of it was ripe, and
a great variety of beautiful shrubs in full blossom, bcar-
ing flowers of different colours, particularly red,
purple, yellow, and white, besides great plenty of the
winter's bark, a grateful spice, which is well known to
the botanists of Europe. He shot several wild ducks,
geese, gulls, a hawk, and two or three of the birds

which the sailors call a Race-Hosse.
Sunday 18. At five o'clock in the morning of Sunday the 18th,

we made fail, and at noon, being about two miles
from the shore, Cape Froward bore N. by E. a bluff
point N. N. W. and Cape Holland W. S. Our la-
titude at this place, by observation, was 54° 3' S. and
we found the Streight to be about fix miles wide,
Soon after I sent a boat into Snug bay, to lie at the
anchoring place, but the wind coming from the land,
I stood off again all night; and at a mile from the

shore, we had no ground with 140 fathom. Monday 19.

In the morning of Monday the 19th, the Swallow having made the signal for anchoring under Cape Holland, we ran in, and anchored in to fathom, with a clear sandy bottom. Upon sending the boats out to sound, we discovered that we were very near a reef of rocks; we therefore tripped the anchor, and dropped farther out, where we had 12 fathom, and were about half a mile from the shore, just opposite to a large stream of water which falls with great rapidity from the mountains, for the land here is of a stupendous height. Cape Holland bore W. S. W. W. distant two miles, and Cape Froward E. Our fatitude, by observation, was 53° 58' S.

'The next morning we got off some water, and great plenty of wild celery, but could get no fish, except a few muscles. I sent off the boats to sound, and found that there was good anchorage at about half a mile


Tuesd. 20.

from the shore, quite from the Cape to four miles

2767 below it; and close by the Cape a good harbour,

January where a ship might refresh with more safety than at Port Famine, and avail herself of a large river of fresh water, with plenty of wood, celery, and berries; though the place affords no filh except muscles.

Having completed our wood and water, we failed Thursd. 22. from this place on the 22d, about three o'clock in the afternoon. At nine in the evening, the ship being about two miles distant from the shore, Cape Gallant bore W. Į N. diftant two leagues, Cape Holland E. by N. distant fix leagues ; Cape Gallant and Cape Holland being nearly in one: a white patch in Monmouth's Island bore S. S. W. 1 W. Rupert's Isand W. S. W. At this place the Streight is not more than five miles over ; and we found a ride which produced a very unusual effect, for it became impossible to keep the ship’s head upon any point.

At fix the next morning the Swallow made the Friday 23. signal for having found anchorage ; and at eight we anchored in a bay under Cape Gallant in 1o fathom, with a muddy bottom. The east point of Cape Gallant bore S. W. by W. I W. the extream point of the eaftermost land E. by S. a point making the mouth of a river N. by W. and the white patch on Charles's Iland S. W. The boats being sent out to sound, found good anchorage everywhere, except within two cables length S. w. of the ship, where it was coral, and deepened to 16 fathom. In the afternoon I sent out the master to examine the bay and a large lagoon; and he reported that the lagoon was the most commodious harbour we had yet seen in the Streight, having five fathom at the entrance, and from four to five in the middle; that it was capable of receiving a great number of vessels, had three large fresh water rivers, and plenty of wood and celery. We had here the misfortune to have a seine spoiled, by being entangled with the wood that lies sunk at the mouth of these rivers ; but though we caught but little fish, we had an incredible number of wild ducks, which we found a very good succedaneum.

The mountains are here very lofty, and the master of the Swallow climbed one of the highest, hoping


1767. January

Saturd. 24.

that from the summit he should obtain a sight of the South Sea ; but he found his view intercepted by mountains still higher on the southern shore : before he descended, however, he erected a pyramid, within which he deposited a bottle containing a shilling, and a paper on which was written the ship's name and the date of the year; a memorial which possibly may remain there as long as the world endures.

In the morning of the 24th we took two boats and examined Cordes bay, which we found very much inferior to that in which the ship lay ; it had indeed a larger lagoon, but the entrance of it was very narrow, and barred by a shoal, on which there was not fufficient depth of water for å fhip of burden to float: the entrance of the bay also was rocky, and within it the ground was foul.

In this place we saw an animal that resembled an ass, but it had a cloven hoof, as we discovered afterwards by tracking it, and was as swift as a deer. This was the first añimal we had seen in the Streight, except at the entrance, where we found the guanicoes that we would fain have trafficked for with the Indians. We shot at this creature, but we could not hit it ; probably it is altogether unknown to the naturalists of Europe.

The country about this place has the most dreary and forlorn appearance that can be imagined ; the mountains on each side the Streight are of an immense height : about one fourth of the ascent is covered with trees of a considerable size; in the space from thence to the middle of the mountain there is nothing but withered shrubs ; above these are patches of snow, and fragments of broken rock; and the summit is altogether rude and naked, towering above the clouds in vaft crags that are piled

that are piled upon each other, and look like the ruins of Nature devoted to everlasting sterility and desolation.

We went over in two boats to the Royal Islands, and founded, but found no bottom: a very rapid tide 'set through wherever there was an opening; and they cannot be approached by shipping without the most imminent danger. Whoever navigates this part of the Streight, should keep the north Thore close on board all


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