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Sund, 14.

1766. On Sunday the 14th, at four in the morning, Cape December: Beachy-head bore N. W. N. diftant about eight

leagues ; and at noon, our latitude being 50° 52' S. and longitude 68° 10' W. Penguin Island bore N. 3500 E. diftant 68 leagues. We were fix leagues from the shore, and the extreams of the land were from N. W.

to W. S. W. Monday 15.

At eight o'clock in the morning, of Monday the 15ti, being about six iniles from the shore, the extreams of the land bore from S. by E. to N. by E. and the entrance of the river Saint Croix S. W. {W. We had 20 fathom quite cross the opening, the diftance from point to point being about seven miles, and afterwards keeping at the distance of about four miles from each cape, we had from 22 to 24 fathom. The land on the north shore is high, and appears in three capes ; that on the south shore is low and flat. At feven in the evening, Cape Fairweather bore S. W.

S. diftant about four leagues, a low point running out from it S. S. W: 1 W. We stood off and on all night, and had from 30 to 22 faihom water,

with a bottom of sand and mud.. At seven the next Tuesday 16. morning, Tuesday the 16th, we shoaled gradually into

12 fathom, with a bottom of fire sand, and soon after into fix: we then hauled off S. E. by S. somewhat more than a mile; then fteered east five miles, then E. by N. and deepened into 12 fathom. Cape Fairweather at this time bore W. I S. distant four leagues, and the northermost extremity of the land W.N.W. When we first came into shoal water, Cape Fairweather bore W. I N. and a low point without it W. S. W. diftant about four miles. At noon Cape Fairweather bore W. N. W.; W. diftant six leagues, and a large hummock S. W. {W. distant seven leagues. At this time our latitude was 51° 52' S. longitude 689 W.

At one o'clock, being about two leagues distant from the shore, the extreams of three remarkable round hills bore from S. W. by W. to W. S. W. At four, Cape Virgin Mary bore S. E. by S. diftant about four leagues. At eight, we were very near the Cape, and upon the point of it saw several men riding, who made signs for us to come on More, In about half-an hour we anchored in a bay, close under the souih side of


the Cape, in ten fathom water, with a gravelly bottom. 1766.

December The Swallow and store-ship anchored foon after between us and the Cape, which then bore N. by W. I W. and a low fandy point like Dungeness S. by W. From the Cape there runs a fhoal, to the distance of about half a league, which may be easily known by the weeds that are upon it. We found it high water at half an hour after eleven, and the tide rose twenty feet.

The natives continued a-breast of the ship all night, making several great fires, and frequently shouting very loud. As soon as it was light, on Wednesday morn ing the 17th, we faw great numbers of them in mo- Wednes. 17. tion, who made signs for us to land. About five o'clock I made the signal for the boats belonging to the Swallow and the Prince Frederick to come on board, and in the mean time hoisted out our own. These boats being all manned and armed, I took a party of marines, and rowed towards the shore, having left orders with the master to bring the ship's broad-side to bear upon the landing place, and to keep the guns loaded with round shot. We reached the beach about fix o'clock, and before we went from the boat, I made signs to the natives to retire to some distance : they immediately complied, and I then landed with the captain of the Swallow, and several of the officers : the marines were drawn up, and the boats were brought to a grappling near the shore. I then made signs to the natives to come near, and directed them to fit down in a semicircle, which they did with great order and chearfulness. When this was done, I distributed among them several knives, scissars, buttons, beads, combs, and other toys, particularly fome ribbands to the women, which they received with a very becoming mixture of pleasure and respe&. Having distributed my presents, I endeavoured to make them understand that I had other things which I would part with, but for which I expected somewhat in return. I shewed them some hatchets and bill-hooks, and pointed to some guanicoes, which happened to be near, and some oftriches which I saw dead among them; making signs at the same time that I wanted to eat ; but they either could not, or would not understand me : for


1766. December.

though they seemed very desirous of the hatchets and the bill-hooks, they did not give the least intimation that they would part with any provisions ; nó traffick therefore was carried on between us.

Each of these people, both men and women, had a horse, with a decent faddle, stirrups, and bridle. The men had wooden spurs, except one, who had a large pair of such as are worn in Spain, brass stirrups, and a Spanish cymeter, without a scabbard ; but notwithstanding these diftin&ions, he did not appear to have any authority over the rest : the women had no spurs. The horses appeared to be well made, and nimble, and were about 14 hands high. The people had also many dogs with them, which, as well as the horses, appeared to be of a Spanish breed.

As I had two measuring rods with me, we went round and measured those that appeared to be tallest amongst them. One of these was fix feet seven inches high, several more were fix feet five, and fix feet six inches; but the stature of the greater part

of them was from five feet ten to six feet. Their complexion is a dark copper colour, like that of the Indians in North America; their hair is ftrait, and nearly as harsh as hog's bristles : it is tied back with a cotton string, but neither sex wears any head-dress. They are well made, robust, and boney ; but their hands and feet are remarkably small. They are cloathed with the fkins of the guanico, sewed together into pieces about fix feet long, and five wide : these are wrapped round the body, and fastened with a girdle, with the hairy fide inwards ; fome of them had also what the Spaniards have called a puncho, a square piece of cloth made of the downy hair of the guanico, through which a hole being cit for the head, the rest hangs round them about as low as the knee. The guanico is an animal that in size, make, and colour, resembles a deer, but it has a hump on its back, and no horns. These people wear also a kind of drawers, which they pull up very tight, and buskins, which reach from the midJeg to the inftep before, and behind are brought under the heel; the rest of the foot is without any covering. We observed that several of the men had a red circle painted round the left eye, and that others were painted


on their arms, and on different parts of the face; the


December eye-lids of all the young women were painted black. They talked much, and some of them called out Ca.pi-ta-ne ; but when they were spoken to in Spanish, Portuguese, French, and Dutch, they made no reply. Of their own language we could distinguish only one word, which was chevow : we supposed it to be a falutation, as they always pronounced it when they shook hands with us, and when, by figns, they asked us to give them any thing. When they were spoken to in English, they repeated the words after us as plainly as we could do ; and they soon got by heart the words “ Englishmen come on shore." Every one had a millile weapon of a singular kind, tucked into the 'girdle. It consisted of two round stones, covered with leather, each weighing about a pound, which were fastened to the two ends of a string about eight feet long. This is used as a sling, one stone being kept in the hand, and the other whirled round the head till it is supposed to have acquired sufficient force, and then discharged at the object. They are so expert in the management of this double-headed shot, that they will hit a mark, not bigger than a shilling, with both the stones, at the distance of fifteen yards; it is not their custom, however, to strike either the guanico or the ostrich with them in the chace, but they discharge them so that the cord comes against the legs of the ostrich, or two of the legs of the guanico, and is twisted round them by the force and swing of the balls, so that the animal being unable to run, becomes an easy prey to the hunter.

While we stayed on shore, we saw them eat some of their flesh meat raw, particularly the paunch of an oftrich, without any other preparation or cleaning than just turning it inside out and shaking it. We observed among them several beads, such as I gave them, and two pieces of red baize, which we supposed had been left there, or in the neighbouring country, by Commodore Byron.

After I had spent about four hours with these people, I made figns to them that I was going on board, and that I would take some of them with me if they were desirous to go. As soon as I had made nyself under


flood, above an hundred eagerly offered to visit the December.

fhip ; but I did not chuse to indulge more than eight of the number. They jumped into the boats with the joy and alacrity of children going to a fair, and having no intention of mischief against us, had not the least fufpicion that we intended any mischief againft them. They fung several of their country fongs while they were in the boat, and when they came on board did not express either the curiofity or wonder which the multiplicity of objects to them equally strange and Itupendous, that at once presented themfelves, might be fuppofed to excite. I took them down into the cabin, where they looked about them with an unaccountable indifference, till one of them happened to cast his eyes upon a looking-glafs: this however excited no more aitonishment than the prodigies which offer themselves to our imagination in a dream, when we converse with the dead, fly in the air, and walk upon the sea, without reflecting that the laws of nature are violated; but it afforded them infinite diversion: they advanced, retreated, and played a thousand tricks before it, laughing violently, and talking with great emphafis to each other. I gave them fome beef, pork, biscuit, and other articles of the ship's provisions: they eat, indifcriminately, whatever was offered to them, but they would drink nothing but water. From the cabin í carried them all over the thip, but they looked at nothing with much attention, except the animals which we had on board as live stock: they examined the hogs and theep with some curiosity, and were exceedingly delighted with the Guinea hens and turkies ; they did not feem to desire any thing that they saw except our apparel, and only one of them, an old man, asked for that: we gratified him with a pair of shoes and buckles, and to each of the others I gave a canvas-bag, in which I put some needles ready threaded, a few flips of cloth, a knife, a pair of scillars, fome twine, a few beads, a comb, and a looking-glass, with some new fix-pences and halfpence, through which a hole had been drilled, that was fitted with a ribband to hang jound the neck. We offered them fome leaves of tobacco, rolled up into what are called segars, and they smoaked a litile, but did not seem fond of it. I fhewed


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