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1766. March.

three lower rudder braces on the stern were broken off, which rendered the rudder unserviceable. I immediately sent the carpenter on board, who found the condition of the braces even worse than had been reported, so that the rudder could not possibly be new hung; he therefore went to work upon a machine like that which had been fixed to the Ipswich, and by which she was steered home : this machine in about five days he completed, and with some little alterations of his own, it was an excellent piece of work. The Tamar steered very well with it, but thinking that it might not be sufficient to secure her in bad weather, or upon a lee shore, I ordered Captain Cumming to run down to Antigua, that he might there heave the ship down, and get the rudder new hung, with a fresh set of braces which he had with him for that purpose; for the braces with which the ship went out, being of iron, were not expected to last as long as ours, the lower ones, with the sheathing, being of copper.

Pursuant to these orders, the Tamar parted company with us on the ist of April, and steered for the Caribbee Islands. When we came into latitude 340 N. longitude 350 W. we had strong gales from W. S. W. to W. N. W. with a great sea, which broke over us continually for six days successively, and run us into latitude 48° N. longitude 14° W. On the 7th of May, at seven o'clock in the morning, we made the Islands of Scilly, having been just nine weeks coming from the Cape of Good Hope, and somewhat more than two and twenty months upon the voyage ; the gth, the ship came to an anchor in the Downs, and on the same day I landed at Deal, and set out for London.

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VOYAGE round the WORLD,

In the Years 1766, 1767, and 1769,


Commander of his MAJESTY's Ship the DOLPHIN:


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The Passage to the Coast of Patagonia, with some Account

of the Natives.

[The longitude in this voyage is reckoned from the meri

dian of London.]


AVING received my commission, which was

1766 dated the 19th of June 1766, I went on board June 19.

the same day, hoisted the pendant, and began to enter seamen, but, according to my orders, took no boys either for myself or any of the officers.

The ship was fitted for the sea with all possible expedition, during which the articles of war, and the act of parliament were read to the ship's company: on the Saturday 26th of July we failed down the river, and on the 16th July 26.

Saturday of August, at eight o'clock in the morning, anchored

August 16. in Plymouth Sound.

On the 19th I received my sailing orders, with di- Tuesday 19. re&ions to take the Swallow floop, and the Prince Frederick store-ship under my command : and this day I took on board, among other things, three thousand weight of portable soup, and a bale of cork jackets. Every part of the ship was filled with stores and neceffaries of various kinds, even to the steerage and stateroom, which were allotted to the flops and portable soup. The furgeon offered to purchase an extraordinary quantity of medicines, and medical necessaries, VOL. I.



1766. which, as the ship's company might become fickly, Auguft.

he said would in that case be of great service, if room could be found to stow them in ; I therefore gave

him leave to put them into my cabin, the only place in the ship where they could be received, as they consisted of

three large boxes. Friday 22. On the 22d, at four o'clock in the morning, I

weighed and made fail in company with the Swallow and Prince Frederic, and had foon the mortification to find that the Swallow was a very

bad failer, September.

We proceeded in our voyage without any reSunday 7. markable incident, till Sunday the seventh of Sep

tember, when, about eight o'clock in the morning, we saw the island of Porto Santo bearing west ; and about noon saw the east end of the island of Madeira.

About five o'clock we ran between this end of the island and the Deserters. On the side next the Deserters is a low flat iland, and near it a needle rock ; the side next to Madeira is full of broken rocks, and for that reason it is not safe to come within less than two miles of it.

At fix in the evening we anchored in Madeira Road, about two-thirds of a mile from the shore, in 24 fathom with a muddy bottom : about eight the Swallow and Prince Frederick also came to an anchor; and I sent an officer on shore to the governor, to let him know that I would salute him, if he would return an equal

number of guns, which he promised to do; the next Mond. 8. morning therefore, at fix o'clock, I saluted him with

thirteen guns, and he returned thirteen as he had promised.

Having taking in a proper quantity of water at this place, with four pipes and ten puncheons of wine,

some fresh beef, and a large quantity of onions, we Friday 12. weighed anchor on the 12th, and continued our

voyage. Tuesday 16. At fix o'clock in the morning, of Tuesday the

16th, we saw the island of Palma, and found the fhip 15 miles to the southward of her reckoning. As we were failing along this island, at the rate of no less than eight miles an hour, with the wind at east, it died


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