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1765. ing these hostile appearances, and a treaty soon comNovember.

menced between us; but all we could procure, was about a dozen of fowls, and a goat and kid. We had offered them knives, hatchets, bill-hooks, and other things of the same kind; but these they refused with great contempt, and demanded rupees: as we had no rupees, we were first much at a loss how to pay for our purchases; but at last we bethought ourselves of fome pocket handkerchiefs, and these they vouchsafed to accept, though they would take only the best.

These people are of a small stature, but extremely well made, and of a dark copper colour. We faw among

them one old man who was dressed somewhat in the manner of the Persians ; but all the rest were naked, except a handkerchief, which they wore as a kind of turban upon their heads, and some pieces of cloth which were fastened with a silver plate or clasp round their middles. We saw none of their women, and probably some care was taken to keep them out of our sight. The habitations are very neatly built of slit bamboo, and are raised upon posts about eight feet from the ground. Their boats are also well made, and we saw some of a large size, in which we supposed that they carried on a trade to Malacca.

The island is mountainous and woody, but we found it pleasant when we were a-shore; it produces the cabbage and cocoa-nut tree in great plenty, but the natives did not chuse to let us have any of the fruit. We saw also some rice grounds, but what other vegetable pro. du&ions nature has favoured them with, we had no opportunity to learn, as we staid here but two nights and one day. In the bay where the ships rode there is excellent fishing, though the surf runs very high: we hauled our seine with great success, but could easily perceive that it gave umbrage to the inhabitants, who consider all the fish about these islands as their own. There are two fine rivers that run into this bay, and the water is excellent : it was indeed so much better than what we had on board, that I filled as many casks with it as loaded the boat twice, While we lay here some of the natives brought down an animal, which had the body of a hare, and the legs



deer ; about

deer ; one of our officers bought it, and we should 3765.

November. have been glad to have kept it alive, but it was impossible for us to procure for it such food as it would eat; it was therefore killed, and we found it very good food. All the while we lay here, we had the most violent thunder, lightning and rain, that I had ever known; and finding that nothing more was to be procured, we failed again on Thuriday morning, with a Thurs. 7. fine breeze off the land. In the afternoon, we tried the current, and found it let $. E. at the rate of a mile an hour. The variation here was 38' W. We certainly made this passage at an improper season of the year; for after we came into the latitude of Pulo Condore, we had nothing but light airs, calms and tornados, with violent rain, thunder and lightning.

At seven o'clock in the morning of Sunday the ioth, Sunday ra we saw the east end of the island of Lingen, bearing S. W. by W. diftant eleven or twelve leagues. The current set E. S. S. at the rate of a mile an hour. At noon, it fell calm, and I anchored with the kedge in twenty fathom. At one o'clock, the weather having cleared up, we saw a small island bearing S. W. {S. distant ten or eleven leagues.

At one o'clock the next morning, we weighed and Monday ış. made fail ; and at six, the small island bore W. S. W. distant about seven leagues, and some very small islands, which we supposed to be the Domines islands, W. Į N. diftant about seven or eight leagues, a remarkable double peak on the island of Lingen bearing at the same time W. by N. diftant about ten or twelve leagues. Our latitude by observation was now 18' S. The Latitude of the east end of Lingen is 10' S. longitude 105° 15' E. Pulo Taya bears from it nearly S. by W. and is diftant about twelve leagues.

At ten o'clock in the morning of Tuesday the 12th, Tuesd. 12. we saw a small Chinese junk to the north-east; and at seven the next morning a small island called Pulo Toté, bearing S. E. by E. diftant about twelve leagues. A little to the northward of Pulo Taya is a very small island, called Pulo Toupoa.

The next day, at four in the afternoon, there being Wednes. 13. no wind, we came to an anchor, in fourteen fathom with soft ground, Pulo Taya bearing N. W. distant

3765. about seven leagues. We tried the current, and found November.

it set E. by S. at the rate of two knots two fathom an hour. We saw a loop at anchor about four miles from us, which hoisted Dutch colours. In the night, we had violent rain, with hard squalls, during one of

which we parted the stream cable, and therefore let go Thursd. 14. the small bower. At eight in the morning, the wind

became moderate and variable, from N. N. W. to W.S. W. We got out our long-boat and weighed the stream anchor, and at nine made fail. We found the current still very strong to the eastward; and at two, we anchored again in fourteen fathom, Pulo Taya bearing N. W. į N. distant between seven and eight leagues. The vefTel which we had seen the day before under Dutch colours, ftill lying at anchor in the same place, I sent a boat with an officer to speak with her : the officer was received on board with great civility ; but was extremely surprised to find that he could not make himself understood, for the people on board were Malays, without a single white man among them : they made tea for our men immediately, and behaved with great chearfulness and hofpitality. The vessel was of a very singular construction; her deck was of lit bamboo, and she was steered, not by a rudder, but by two large pieces of timber,

one upon each quarter. Friday 15.

The next morning at six o'clock, we weighed and made fail : at two, Monopin Hill bore S. by E. distant about ten or eleven leagues, and had the appearance of a small island. It bears S. by W. from the seven islands, and is distant from them about twelve leagues : its latitude is 20 South. From the seven islands we steered S. W. by S. and had regular soundings from twelve to seven fathom, and soon after saw the coast of Sumatra, bearing from W. S. W. to W. by N. at the distance of about seven leagues. In the evening, we

anchored in seven fathom; and the next morning at Saturd. 16. four, we made fail again, and continued our course S.

by E. till the peak of Monopin Hill bore east, and Batacarang Point, on the Sumatra shore, S. W. to avoid a shoal, called Frederick Hendrick, which is about mid-way between the Banca and Sumatra shore: the foundings were thirteen and fourteen fathom.


We then steered E. S. E. and kept mid-channel to 1765.

November. avoid the banks of Palambam River, and that which lies off the Westermost point of Banca. When we were a-breast off Palambam River, we regularly shoaled our water from fourteen to seven fathom ; and when we had passed it, we deepened it again to fifteen and sixteen fathom. We continued to steer E. S. E. between the Third and Fourth Points of Sumatra, which are about ten leagues distant from each other : the foundings, nearest to the Sumatra shore, were all along from eleven to thirteen fathom ; and the high land of Queda Banca appeared over the Third Point of Sumatra, bearing E. S. E. From the Third Point to the Second, the course is S. E. by S. at the distance of about eleven or twelve leagues. The high land of Queda Banca, and the Second Point of Sumatra bear E. N. E. and W. S. W. of each other. The Streight is about five leagues over, and in the mid-channel there is twenty-four fathom. At fix o'clock in the evening, we anchored in thirteen fathom; Monopin Hill bearing N. { W. and the Third Point of Sumatra, S. E. by E. distant between two and three leagues. Many small vessels were in fight, and most of them hoisted Dutch colours. In the night we had fresh gales and squalls, with thunder and lightning, and hard rain; but, as our cables were good, we were in no danger, for in this place the anchor is buried in a stiff clay.

In the morning the current or tide set to the S. E. at Sunday 17. the rate of three knots ; at five we weighed, with a moderate gale at west and hazy weather, and in the night the tide shifted, and ran as strongly to the N. W. so that it ebbs and fows here twelve hours.

On the 19th, we spoke with an English snow, be. Tuesd. 19. longing to the East India Company, which was bound from Bencoolen to Malacca and Bengal. We had now nothing to eat but the ship's provisions, which were become very bad, for ail our beef and pork ftunk intolerably, and our bread was rotten and full of worms; but as soon as the Master of this snow learnt our situation, he generously sent me a sheep, a dozen fowls, and a turtle, which I verily believe was half his stock, besides two gallons of arrack, and would accept


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1765. nothing but our thanks in return. It is with great pleaNovember. sure that I pay this tribute to his liberality, and am

very sorry that I cannot recollect his name, or the name of his vessel. In the afternoon, we worked round the First Point of Sumatra, and our foundings on the north-side, at the distance of about a mile and a half from the shore, were fourteen fathom. At half an hour after three we anchored, and sent a boat to found for the shoals which lie to the northward of the island called Lasipara, which bore from us S. E. by S. diftant about fix leagues. Little wind, and a strong tide of flood to the northward, prevented our working between the shoals and the coast of Sumatra till the

afternoon of the twentieth : the foundings were very Wednes. 20.

regular, being nine or ten fathom as we stood over to the island, and five or fix when we stood over to Sumatra. As this Streight has been often navigated, and is well known, ir is not necessary to insert all the particulars of our passage through it; I shall therefore only

say, that at six o'clock in the evening of Tuesday the Toef. 27. 27th, we steered between the islands Edam and Horn,

and entered the road of Batavia. At eight, we anchored without the ships, Onruft bearing W. N. W, distant five or six miles.

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Transactions at Batavia, and Departure from that



Wednes. 28.

'HE next day, which by our account was the 28th,

but by the account of the Dutch at this place, was the 29th, we having lost a day by having steered westward a year, we anchored nearer to the town, and saluted the water fort with eleven guns; which were returned. We found here above a hundred sail great and small, and among others, a large English ship belorging to Bombay, which saluted us with thirteen guns.

There is always lying here a Dutch Commodore belonging to the Company, who, among his countrymen, is a person of very great consequence. This gentleman thought fit to send his boat on board of me,

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