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1765. . Jaguary.

“ bearing west from us; wee having the wind at east " north-east, wee bore away for it, it being too late for us to goe on shoare, we lay bye all night. The " island seemed very pleasant to the eye,

with

many « woods, I may as well fay the whole land was woods. There being a rock lying above water to the east“ ward of it, where an innumerable company of fowles, s being of the bigneffe of a small goose, which fowles “ would strike at our men as they were aloft: some of " them were killed and eat : they seemed to us very “ good, only tasted somewhat fishly. I failed along " that island to the southward, and about the south. “ west side of the island there seemed to me to be a

good place for shipps to ride: I would have had the « boat out to have gone into the harbour, but the " wind blew fresh, and they would not agree to go in “ with it. Sailing a little further, keeping the lead, and " having fix and twenty, and feaven and twenty fathoms " water, untill wee came to a place where wee saw the “ weeds ride, having the lead againe, found but sea

ven fathoms water. Fearing danger went about “ the shipp there, were then fearfull to stay by the “ land any longer, it being all rocky ground, but the harbour seemed to be a good place for shipps to ride “ there ; in the island seeming likewise to have water

enough, there seemed to me to be harbour for five hundred faile of shipps. The going in but narrow " and the north side of the entrance shallow water “ that I could fee, but I verily believe that there is

water enough for any shipp to goe in on the south “ fide, for there cannot be so great a lack of water, but " muft needs scowre a channell away at the ebbe deepe “ enough for shipping to goe in. I would have had “ them stood upon a wind all night, but they told me

they were not come out to go upon discovery. We " saw likewife another island by this that night, which " made me thinke them to be the Sibble D’wards.

“ The same night we steered our course againe weft fouth west, which was but our south-west, the com

passe having two and twenty degrees variation east“ wardly, keeping that course till wee came in the lati“ tude of three and fifty degrees.”

In both the printed and manuscript account, this land

1765.

January is said to lie in latitude forty-seven, to be situated to the westward of the ship when first discovered, to appear woody, to have an harbour where a great number of ships might ride in safety, and to be frequented by innumerable birds. It appears also, by both accounts, that the weather prevented his going on shore, and that he steered from it W. S. W. till he came into latitude fifty-three: there can therefore be little doubt but that Cowley gave the name of Pepy's Island after he came home, to what he really supposed to be the island of Sebald de Wert, for which it is not difficult to assign several reasons'; and though the suppofition of a mistake of the figures does not appear to be well grounded, yet, there being no land in forty-seven, the evidence that what Cowley saw was Falkland's Ilands, is very strong. The description of the country agrees in almost every particular, and even the map is of the same general figure, with a streight running up the middle. The chart of Falkland's Islands that accompanies this narrative, was laid down from the journals and drawings of captain Macbride, who was dispatched thither after my return, and circumnavigated the whole coaft : the two principal Islands were probably called Falkland's Iflands by Strong, about the year 1689, as he is known to have given the name of Falkland's Sound to part of the streight which divides them. The Journal of this navigator is still unprinted in the British Mulæum. The first who saw these islands is supposed to be Captain Davies, the associate of Cavendish, in 1592. In 1594, Sir Richard Hawkins faw land, fupposed to be the same, and in honour of his mistress, Queen Elizabeth, called them HAWKINS's MAIDEN LAND. Long afterwards, they were seen by fome French ships from Saint Maloes, and Frezier, probably, for that reason, called them the Malouins, a name which has been fince adopted by the Spaniards.

Having continued in the harbour which I had called Port Egmont, till Sunday the 27th of January, we failed again at eight o'clock in the morning with the wind at S. S. W. but we were scarcely got out of the port before it began to blow very hard, and the weather

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“ bearing west from us;
“ north-east, wee bore a
“ for us to goe on shoari,
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vs woods, I may as well f.
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“ ward of it, where an
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" them were killed and
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" that island to the fou
" west side of the islai.
". good place for ship
s boat out to have
us wind blew fresh, anı
“ with it. Sailing a lit?
" having fix and twent
“ water, untill wee ca
4 weeds ride, having

ven fathoms wat
" the shipp there, v
“ land any longer,
harbour feemed to

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" that I could fee, I
“ water enough for an,
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“ enough for shipping to
“ them stood upon a wind i

they were not come out to
" saw likewife another island
* made me thinke them to be t

• The same night we steered
fouth west, which was but our í

passe having two and twenty deg
" wardly, keeping that course till wee
" tude of three and fifty degrees.”

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here a great sweiltrominent d-breast of these bezaie, en ut two leagues, wierne. Pa; shich I took to be the one lands, bore W. S.W. · coast now began to be very - a all dire&ions, rocks 2013 E from the shore. Tre ES more rude and desolate 252210. d, as far as we could see, bega. s, very much resembling than which lies near Cape Horn. As 31) moment, I was afraid of bezi · shore, in which case there " hance of my getting off, 25. 22 food to the northward, ik 7 point in sight being in ** no less than levett a

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En faid by fosse 1765. became so thick that we could not see the rocky islands. January.

I now most heartily wished myself again at anchor in the harbour we had quitted; but in a short time we had the satisfaction to see the weather become clear, though it continued to blow very hard the whole day. At nine the entrance of Port Egmont harbour bore E. S. E. distant two leagues ; the two low islands to the northward E. by N. distant between three or four miles ; and the rocky island W. ; N. distant four leagues. At ten the two low islands bore S. S. E. diftant four or five miles; and we then steered along the shore east by the compass, and after having run about five leagues, we saw a remarkable head-land, with a rock at a little distance from it, bearing E. S. E. į E. diftant three leagues. This head-land I called CAPE TAMAR. Having continued the same course five leagues farther, we saw a rock about five miles from the main bearing N. E. at the distance of four or five leagues: this rock I called the EDISTONE, and then steered between it and a remarkable head-land which I called CAPE DOLPHIN, in the direction of E. N. E. five leagues farther. From Cape Tamar to Cape Dolphin, a distance of about eight leagues, the land forms, what I thought, a deep found, and called CARLISLE SOUND, but what has since appeared to be the northern entrance of the streight between the two principal islands. In the part that I supposed to be the bottom of the found, we saw an opening, which had the appearance of a harbour. From Cape Dolphin we steered along the shore E N sixteen leagues, to a low fat cape or head-land, and then brought to. In this day's run the land, for the most part, resembled the east fide of the coast of Patagonia, not having so much as a fingle tree, or even a bush, being all downs, with here and there a few of the high tufts of grass that we had seen at Port Egmont; and in this account I am sure I am not mistaken, for I frequently failed within two miles of the shore ; so that if there had been a shrub as big as a goose-berry bush, I should have seen it. During the night we had forty fathom water with

rocky ground. Monday 28.

The next morning, at four o'clock, we made fail, the low fiat cape then bearing S. E. by E. diftant five

leagues :

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