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E. To EDGE away, to decline gradually from the shore, or from the line of the course which the ship formerly steered.

F. FALL, the loose erd of a tackle, or that part upon which the people pull, or hoi, to produce the desired effect.

To FILL, to brace the rails in such a manner as that the wind, entering their cavities from behind, dilates them so as to advance the ship in her course.

FISH, is a long piece of oak, convex on one side, and concave on the other. It is used to faften upon the outside of the lower mafts, as an additional security, to strengthen them, when it becomes necessary to carry an extraordinary pressure of sail. The fishes are also employed for the same purpose on any yard, which happens to be sprung or fracured.

FLAW, a sudden breeze, or gust of wind.
FLOOR, the bottom of a ship.
FOOT of a sail, lower edge or bottom.

FOOT-ROPE, the rope to which the foot of a fail is sewed.

FORE, all that part of a ship's frame and machinery which lies near the head.

G. GAFF, a sort of boom, or pole, used to extend the upper edge of the mizen. The foremost, or inner extremity of it, is furnished with two cheeks, forming a femicircle, which inclose the after pari of the mast so as to confine the gaff close to its respective mait, whilst the fail is hoisting or lowering.

GANGWAY, a narrow platform, or range of planks, laid horizontally along the upper part of a ship's side, from the quarter-deck to the fore-cattle, for the convenience of walking more expeditiously fore' and aft, than by descending into the waist

GANGWAY, is also that part of a ship’s fide, both within and without, by which the passengers enter and depart. It is for this purpose provided with a sufficient number of steps, or cleats, nailed upon the thip's side, nearly as low as the surface of the water ; and fometimes furnished with a railed accommodation-ladder, whose lower end projects from the ship's fide, being secured in This position by iron braces, so as to render the ascent and descent convenient.

GRAPPLING, a small anchor, fitted with four or five fiukes, or claws, commonly used to ride a boat, or other finall velle!.

GUNNEL,

GUNNEL, or GUNWALE, the upper edge of a ship's

fide.

H. HANDING the sails, Tolling them up close to the yard or mast 10 which they belong.

HAMMACOES, ihe same with hammoc.

T. HAUL, an expression peculiar to feamen, implying to pull a single rope, without the allistance of blocks, or other mechanical powers.

To Haul the wind, to direct the ship's course nearer to that point of the compass from which ihe wind arises.

HAWSER, a large rope which holds the middle degree between the cable and tow-line.

HEAVING-fort, is the drawing so much of the cable into the ship, by means of the capltern or windlass, as that, by advancing, she will be almost perpendicularly above the anchor, and in a proper situation to set fail.

HEAVING-taught, the act of heaving about the capstern, till the rope applied thereto becomes streight, and ready for action.

To HEEL, to stoop or incline to either side.
HUMMOCK, a little hill.

J.
JERKED, cured with salt.

JIB, or Gre, JiB-Boom, a boom run out from the - extremity of the bowsprit, parallel to its length, and

serving to extend the bottom of the jib, and the stay of the fore-top-gallant-mast.

K. KEDGE, a small anchor, used to keep a fhip steady whilft she rides in a harbour or river.

False KEEL, a strong thick piece of timber, bolted to the main keel, to preserve its lower side.

KNEE, a crooked piece of timber, having two branches or arms, and generally used to connect the beams of a ship with her sides or timbers.

L.
LAGOON, a lake.
LARBOARD, the left side of a ship when the eye

of a spectator is directed forward.

LASHING, a piece of rope employed to falten or secure any moveable body in a ship, or about her masts, fails, or rigging ; also the act of fastening or securing any thing by incans of the rope used for this purpose.

LOG, a machine used to measure the ship's head-way, or the rate of her velocity as she advances through the sea. It is composed of a reel and line, to which is fixed a small piece of wood, forming the quadrant of a circle. The

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term

rence.

term log, however, is more particularly applied to the latter, The log is generally about a quarter of an inch thick, and five or fix inches from the angular point to the circumfe

It is balanced by a thin plate of lead, nailed upon the arch, so as to swim perpendicularly in the water, with about two-thirds impressed under the surface. The line is faftened to the l'og by means of two legs, one of which passes through a hole at the corner, and is knotted on the opposite side; whilst the other leg is attached to the arch by a pin, fixed in another hole, so as to draw out occasionally. By these legs the log is hung in equilibrio, and the line, which is united to it, is divided into certain spaces, which are in proportion to an equal number of geographical miles, as a half minute or quarter minute is to an hour of time.

LUG-SAIL, a square fail, hoisted occasionally on the maft of a boat, or small vessel, upon a yard which hangs nearly at right angles with the mast.

M. TO MAKE the land, is to discover it from a diftant situation, in consequence of approaching it after a sea voyage.

MIZEN, the aftermoft or hindmost of the fixed fails of a ship.

MOORING, the act of confining and securing a ship in a particular station, by chains or cables, which are either fastened to the adjacent shore, or to anchors in the bottom.

N. NEAPED, the situation of a ship which is left a-ground on the height of a spring tide, so that she cannot be floated off till the return of the next spring.

0. OFFING, implies out at sea, or at a competent distance from the shore, and generally out of anchor-ground.

OPEN, is expressed of any distant object, to which the fight or passage is not intercepted by something lying or coming between. Thus, io be open with any place, is to be opposite to it; as the entry of a port, road, or haven.

OVER-HAULING, the act of opening and extending the several parts of a tackle, or other assemblage of ropes, communicating with blocks or dead-eyes. It is used to remove those blocks to a sufficient distance from each other, that they may be again placed in a state of action, so as to produce the effect required.

P. PAINTER, a rope employed to faften a boat either along-side of the ship to which she belongs, or to some wharf or key

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PALM

PALM of the anchor, the same with Auke, the broad barbed ends of the two arms at the bottom of the shank.

PARCELING, certain long narrow lips of canvas, daubed with tar, and frequently bound about a rope, in the same manner as bandages are applied to a broken limb in surgery.

TO PAY, to daub or anoint the surface of any body, in order to preserve it from the injuries of the water and weather, &c.

PORTS, the embrasures or openings in the fide of a ship of war, wherein the artillery is ranged in battery upon the decks above and below.

HALF-PORTS, are what stops that part of the port which when the gun is pushed out is left open.

PURCHASE, any mechanical power employed in railing or removing heavy bodies, or in fixing or extending she ship's rigging

Q. QUARTER, that part of a ship's side which lies towards the stern.

QUARTER-CLOTHS, long pieces of painted canvass, extended on the outside of the quarter-netting, from the upper part of the gallery to the gangway.

R. RANGE, a sufficient length of the cable drawn up on the deck, before the anchor is cast loose from the bow, to let it sink to the bottom, without being interrupted, that the flukes may be forced the deeper into the ground, by the additional weight which the anchor acquires in finking.

REEF, a certain portion of a fail, comprehended between the top or bottom, and a row of eyelet-holes parallel chereto,

To Reef, is to reduce the surface of the sail in proportion to the increase of the wind.

Reef also implies a chain of rocks, lying near the surface of the water.

RIGGING, a general name given to all the ropes employed to suppori the mafts, and to extend or reduce the fails, or arrange them to the disposition of the wind.

RIGHTING, the act of reitoring a ship to her upright position, after she has been laid on a careen. A ship is alfo Taid to right at sea when she rises, with her masts erected, after having been pressed down on one side by the efforts of her fails, or a heavy squall of wind.

S. SCARFING, when two pieces of timber are to be joined together by the ends, if the ends are cut square, another piece is laid upon and fastened to both, and this is called icarfing

SETTING, term log, however, is mor The log is generally abot five or fix inches from i! rence. It is balanced b the arch, so as to swim ! about two-thirds impre is faftened to the log by paffes through a hole a opposite side; whilft ih by a pin, fixed in anoti onally. By these legs the line, which is uniti spaces, which are in pr geographical miles, as a to an hour of time.

LUG-SAIL, a squa maft of a boat, or smal nearly at right angles w

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