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UNDERTAKEN BY THE ORDER OF
HIS PRESENT MAJESTY,
Discoveries in the Southern Hemisphere,
AND SUCCESSIVELY PERFORMED BY
In the Dolphin, the Swallow, and the Endeavour:
Drawn up from the Journals which were kept by the several
By JOHN HAWKESWORTH, L.L.D.
To Which Is Added
A VOYAGE to the NORTH POLE,
By COMMODORE PHIPPS.
IN TWO VOLUMES.
Illustrated with Charts and elegant Copper-plates.
M DCC LXXV.
AFTER the great improvements that have been made in Navigation since the discovery of America, it may well be thought strange, that a very considerable part of the globe on which we live should still have remained unknown -, that it should still have been the subject of speculation, whether a great portion of the Southern Hemisphere is land or water; and, even where land had been discovered, that neither its extent nor figure should have been ascertained. But the cause has probably been, that sovereign Princes have seldom any other motive for attempting the discovery of new countries than to conquer them; that the advantages of conquering countries which must first be discovered are remote and uncertain, and that ambition has always found objects nearer . home.
It is the distinguishing characteristic of Your Majesty to act from more liberal motives v and having the best fleet, and the bravest as well as *
A 2 most