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July, 1964. been given them from their barren and desolate appearFriday 13.
ance : the next day we stood in for the road of Funchi
ale, where, about three o'clock in the afternoon, we Saturd. 14. came to an anchor. In the morning of Saturday the
14th, I waited upon the Governor, who received me
with great politeness, and faluted me with eleven guns, Sunday 15. which I returned from the ship. The next day, he
returned my visit at the house of the Consul, upon which I saluted him with eleven guns, which he returned from the fort. I found here his Majesty's ship the Crown, and the Ferret sloop, who also saluted the broad pendant.
Having completed our water, and procured all the refreshment I was able for the companies of both the
ships, every man having twenty pounds weight of Thursd. 19. onions for his sea stock, we ighed anchor on ThursSaturd. 21. day the 19th, and proceeded on our voyage. On Sa
turday the 21st, we made the island of Palma, one of the Canaries, and soon after examining our water, we found it would be necessary to touch at one of the Cape de Verd islands for a fresh supply. During the whole of our course from the Lizard, we observed that no fish
followed the ship, which I judged to be owing to her Thursd. 26. being sheathed with copper. By the 26th, our water
was become foul, and stunk intolerably, but we purified it with a machine, which had been put on board for that purpose : it was a kind of ventilator, by which air was forced through the water in a continued stream,
as long as it was necessary. Friday 27.
In the morning of the 27th, we made the island of Sal, one of the Cape de Verds, and seeing several turtle upon the water, we hoisted out our joliy boat, and attempted to strike them, but they all went down
before our people could come within reach of them. Saturd. 28. On the morning of the 28th, we were very near the
island of Bona Vista, the next day of the isle of May, Sunday 29..
and on Monday the 30th, we came to an anchor in Mond. 30. Port Praya bay. The rainy season was already set in,
which renders this place very unsafe: a large swell that rolls in from the southward, makes a frightful surf upon the shore, and there is reason every hour to expect a tornado, of which, as it is very violent, and blows directly in, the consequences are likely to be fatal; fo that after the 15th of August no ship coines hither till
the rainy season is over, which happens in November;
1964. for this reason I made all possible haste to fill my water
Auguft. and get away. I procured three bullocks for the people, but they were little better than carrion, and the weather was so hot, that the flesh ítunk in a few hours after they were killed.
On Thursday the 2d of August, we got again under Thursd. 2. fail, with a large cargo of fowls, lean goats, and monkies, which the people contrived to procure for old shirts, jackets, and other articles of the like kind. The intolerable heat, and almost incessant rain, very soon affected our health, and the men began to fall down in fevers, notwithstanding all my attention and diligence to make them shift themselves before they slept, when they were wet.
On Wednesday the 8th, the Tamar fired a gun, Wednes. 8. upon which we shortened fail till she came up: we found that she had suffered no damage but the carrying away of her top-fail-yard; however, as we were obliged to make an easy fail till she got up another, and the wind seemed to be coming again to the southward, we loft a good deal of way. We continued, to our great mortification, to observe that no fish would come near enough to our copper bottom for us to strike, though we saw the sea as it were quickened with them at a little distance. Ships in these hot latitudes generally take fish in plenty, but, except sharks, we were not able to catch one.
No event worthy of notice happened till Tuesday Septem. the 11th of September, when, about three o'clock in Tuesd. 11. the afternoon, we saw Cape Frio, on the coast of Brazil; and about noon, on Thursday the 13th, we an: Thursd. 13. chored in eighteen fathom, in the great Road of Rio de Janeiro. The city, which is large, and makes a handsome appearance, is governed by the Viceroy of Brazil, who is perhaps, in fact, as absolute a Sovereign as any upon earth. When I visited him, he received me in great form ; above fixty officers were drawn up before the palace, as well as a captain's guard, who were men of a good appearance, and extremely well cloathed: his excellency, with a number of persons of
the first distin&ion, belonging to the place, met me at „ the head of the stairs, upon
which fifteen fired from the rearest port: we then entered the room
1764. of state, and after conversing about a quarter of an September
hour, in French, I took my leave, and was dismissed with the same form that had been used at my reception. He offered to return my visit at a house which I had hired on fhore, but this I declined, and soon after he returned it on board.
The people in my own ship, who had as much fresh meat and greens as they could eat every day, were very healthy, but there being many sick on board the Tamar, I procured a place for them on shore, where they foon recovered. I also engaged a number of Portuguese caulkers, as the seams of both the ships were very open, who, after having worked some time, rendered them perfe&ly tight.
While we lay here, Lord Clive, in the Kent Indiaman, came to the port. This ship had failed from England a month before us, and had not touched any where, yet the came in a month after us ; so that her passage was just two months longer than ours, nowithstanding the time we lost in waiting for the Tamar, which, though the Dolphin was by no means a good failer, failed so much worse, that we seldom spread more than half our canvas. The Kent had many of
her people down in the scurvy. October.
On Tuesday the 16th of October, we weighed anTuefd. 16.
chor, being impatient to get to sea, for the heat here' was intolerable ; but we lay four or five days about the bar, waiting for the land breeze to carry us'out, for there is no getting out with the sea breeze, and the entrance between the two first forts is fo narrow, and so great a sea breaks in upon them, that it was not without much danger and difficulty we got out at last, and if we had followed the advice of the Portuguese pilot, we had certainly lost the ship. As tỉis narrative is pub. lished for the advantage of future navigators, particularly those of our own nation, it is also necessary I should observe, that the Portuguese here, carrying on a great trade, make it their business to attend every time a boat comes on shore, and practise every artifice in their power to entice away the crew: if other methods do not succeed, they make them drunk, and immediately send them up the country, taking effectual care to prevent their return, till the ship to which they
belong has left the place; by this practice I lost five of my men, and the Tamar nine: mine I never recovered, but the Tamar had the good fortune to learn where her's were detained, and by sending out a party in the night, surprised them, and brought them back.
Passage from Rio de Janeiro to Port Desire; with
some Description of that Place.
N Monday the 22d, being now once more at sea, Monday 22.
I called all hands upon deck, and informed them, that I was not, as they imagined, bound immediately to the East Indies, but upon certain discoveries, which it was thought might be of great importance to our country, in confideration of which, the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty had been pleased to promise them double pay, and several other advantages, if during the voyage they should behave to my fatiffaction. They all expressed the greatest joy imaginable upon the occasion, and assured me that there was no danger or difficulty that they would not with the utmost cheerfulness undergo in the service of their country, nor any order that I could give them which they would not implicitly and zealously obey.
We continued our course till Monday the 29th, Monday 29, having frequently hard gales with sudden gusts, which obliged us to strike our top-gallant-mafts, and get up our stumps ; but this day it blew a storm, with a terrible sea, and the ship laboured so much, that, to ease her, I ordered the two foremost, and two aftermost guns to be thrown overboard : the gale continued with nearly equal violence all the rest of the day, and all night, so that we were obliged to lie under a doublereefed main-sail; but in the morning, it being more Tuesi, 39. moderate, and veering from N. W. to S. by W. we made fail again, and Itood to the westward. We were now in latitude 35° 50' S. and found the weather as cold as it is at the same season in England, although the month of November here is a spring month, anfwering to our May, and we were near twenty degrees
nearer the line: to us, who within little more than a October.
week had suffered intolerable heat, this change was most severely felt: and the men, who supposing they were to continue in a hot climate during the whole voyage, had contrived to sell not only all their warm clothes, but their bedding, at the different ports where we had touched, now applied in great distress for flops, and
were all furnished for the climate. November. On Friday the 2d of November, after administering Friday 2.
the proper oath to the Lieutenants of both ships, I delivered them their commissions ; for till this time they acted only under verbal orders from me, and expected to receive their commissions in India, whither they imagined we were bound. We now began to see a great number of birds about the ship, many of them very large, of which some were brown and white, and some black: there wese among them large flocks of pinta
does, which are somewhat larger than a pigeon, and Sunday 4. fpotted with black and white. On the 4th we saw a
great quantity of rock weed, and several seals: our latitude was 38° 53' S. longitude 510 W. the variation 13° E. the prevailing winds here were westerly; so that being continually driven to the east
ward, we foresaw, that it would not be easy to get in Saturd. 10. with the coast of Patagonia. On the roth, we ob
served the water to change colour, but we had no ground with one hundred and forty fathom; our latitude was now 41° 16' S. our longitude 55° 17' W. the variation was 18° 20' E. The next day we stood in for the land till eight in the evening, when we had ground of
red sand with forty five fathom. We steered S. W. Sunday 11. by W. all night, and the next morning had fifty-two
fathom with the same ground; our latitude was 420 34' S. longitude 58° 17' W, the variation 11° 1 E.
On Monday the 12th, about four o'clock in the afternoon, as I was walking on the quarter-deck, all the people upon the forecastle called out at once, “Land right a-head;" it was then very black almost round the horizon, and we had had much thunder and lightning; I looked forward under the foresail, and upon the lee bow, and saw what at first appeared to be an island, rising in two rude craggy hills, but upon looking to leeward I faw land adjoining to it, and running a long way to the