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wet to the (kin, for the rain, or rather sheets of water 1l^Sthat came down, did not cease a moment. . _"!,_

In the morning, we had again the mortification to Sunday 17find that, notwithstanding all our labour, we had lost ground upon every tack, inconsequence of the current, which continued to fet with great force to the eastward. At eight o'clock, we bore away, and at nine anchored in the same bay from which we sailed on the 15th.

The wind continued W. and W. N. W. without aty tide to the westward, all the 18th and 19th, and ^"sday I,! the weather was exceedingly bad, with hard squalls and heavy rain. In the mean time I had sent an officer with a boat to sound a bay on the north shore, but he found no anchorage in it. On the 20th, at six o'clock Wedncs. 10. in the morning, a hard squall coming on, the ship drove, and brought the anchor off the bank into forty fathom, but by heaving up the bower, and carrying out the kedge anchor, we got the ship on the bank again. At eight, the day following, though the windThursd ,,_ •was from W. N. W. to S. W. we weighed, and once more stood out of the bay; the current still set very strongly to the eastward, but at noon, we found that we had gained about a mile and a half in a contrary direction. The wind now became variable, from S. W. to N. W. and at five in the asternoon, the snip had gained about four miles to the westward; but not being able to find an anchoring-place, and the wind dying away, we drove again very fast to the eastward with the current. At six, however, we anchored in forty fathom, with very good ground, in a bay about two miles to the westward of that from which we sailed in the morning. A swell rolled in here all night, so that our situation was by no means desirable, and therefore, although the wind was still at W. S. W. we weighed and made fail about eight o'clock the next day: we had still in- Friday 2». cessant rain, so that the people were continually wet, which was a great aggravation of their fatigue; yet they were still cheerful, and, what was yet less to be expected, still healthy. This day, to our great joy, we found the current setting to the westward, and we gained ground very fast. At six in the evening, we anchored in the bay on the east side of Cape Monday,


i765- day, where the Tamar lay in eighteen fathom, the


pitch of the Cape bearing W. by N. distant half a mile. We found this place very sase, the ground being excellent, and there being room enough for two or three ships of the line to moor.


The Passage from Cape Monday, in the Streight of Magellan, into the South Seas; with some general remarks on the Navigation of that Streight.

AT eight the next morning we weighed, and soon aster we made) fail opened the South Sea, from which such a swell rolled in upon us as I have seldom seen. At four o'clock in the asternoon, we anchored in a very good bay, with a deep sound at the bottom, by which it may be known, about a league to the eastward of Cape Upright, in fourteen fathom. The extreme point of the bay bore from N. W. to N. E. by E. and Cape Upright W. N. W. about a cable's length to the eastward of a low island which make* the bay.

.Sunday 24. At three o'clock in the morning of the 24th, I sent a boat, with an officer from each ship, to look for anchoring-places, to the westward ; but at four in the asternoon they returned, without having been able to get round Cape Upright.

The next morning I fent the boats again to the west5" ward, and about six in the evening they returned, having been about four leagues, and found two anchoring places, but neither of them were very good. We

Tutfd. L6. made fail, however, about eight in the forenoon of the next day, and at three, Cape Upright bore E. S. E. distant about three leagues, a remarkable cape on the north shore at the same time bearing N. E. distant four or five miles. This Cape, which is very lofty and steep, lies N. N. W. by the compass from Cape Upright, at the distance of about three leagues. The south shore in this place had a very bad appearance, many sunken rocks lying about it to a considerable distance, upon which the sea breaks very high. At foi r the weather became very thick, and in less than

half half an hour we saw the south shore at the distance of 1765about a mile, but could get no anchoring place: we March' therefore tacked, and stood over to the north more. * At half an hour aster six I made the Tamar's signal to come under our stern, and ordered her to keep a-head of us all night, and to shew lights, and fire a gun every time she changed her tack. At seven, it cleared up for a moment just to shew us the north shore, bearing W. by N, we tacked immediately, and at eight the wind shifted from N. N. W. to W. N. W. and blew with great violence. Our situation was now very alarming; the storm increased every minute, the weather was extremely thick, the rain seemed to threat'en another deluge, we had a long dark night before us, we were in a narrow channel, and surrounded on every fide by rocks and breakers. We attempted to clew up the mizen-topsail, but before this service could be done it was blown all to rags: we then brought to, with the main and fore-topsail close reefed, and upon the cap, keeping the ship's head to the south-west ; but there being a prodigious sea, it broke over us so often that the whole deck was almost continually under water. At nine, by an accidental breaking of the fog, we saw the high Cape on the north shore that has been just mentioned bearing east, at about a mile distance, but had entirely lost sight of the Tamar. At half an hour aster three in the morning, we suddenly perceivedWednes. »j. ourselves close to a high land on the south shore, upon which we wore, and brought so to the northward. The gale still continued, if possible, with increasing violence, and the rain poured down in torrents, so that we were, in a manner, immersed in water, and expected every moment to be among the breakers. The long wished-forday at length broke, but the weather was still so thick that no land was to be seen, though we knew it could not be far distant, till aster six, when we saw the south shore at about the distance of two miles; and soon aster, to our great satisfaction we saw the Tamar: at this time Cape Monday bore S. E. distant about four miles, and the violence of the gale not abating, we bore away. About seven, both ships came to an anchor in the bay which lies to the eastward of Cape Monday, notwithstanding the


»76S- sea that rolled in; for we were glad to get anchorage i_^J, any where. We had now been twice within four leagues of Tuesday's Bay, at the western entrance of the Streight, and had been twice driven back ten or twelve leagues by such storms as we had now just experienced. When the season is so far advanced as it was when we attempted the passage of this Streight, it is a most difficult and dangerous undertakings it blows a hurricane incessantly night and day, and the rain is as violent and constant as the wind, with such fogs as often render it impossible to discover any object at the distance of twice the ship's length. This day our best bower cable being quite rubbed to pieces, we cut it into junk, and bent a new one, which we rounded with old rigging eight fathom from the anchor. Thurs. »8- jn (jle asternoon of the day following, the Tamar parted a new best bovver cable, it being cut by the rock, and drove over to the east side of the bay, where siie was brought up at a very little distance from some rocks, against which she must otherwise have been dashed to pieces. Friday %g. fa feven o'clock in the morning of the 29th, we weighed and' found our small bower cable very much rubbed by the foul ground, so that we were obliged to cut no less than six and twenty fathom of it off, and bend it again. In about half an hour the Tamar, being very near the rocks, and not being able to purchase her anchor, made signals of distress. I was therefore obliged toKland into the bay again, and having anchored, I sent hawsers on board the Tamar, and heaved her up while she purchased her anchor, aster which we heaved her to windward, and at noon, being got into a proper birth, she anchored again. We continued in our station all night, and the next S*turd. 3o- morning a gale came on at W. N. W which was still more violent than any that had preceded it; the water was torn up all round us, and carried much higher than the masts heads, a dreadful sea at the fame time rolling in ; so that, knowing the ground to be foul, we were in constant apprehension of parting our cables, in which case we must have been almost instantly dashed to atoms against the rocks that were just to leeward of us, and upon which the sea broke with


inconceivable fury, and a noise not less loud than thun- 1765-
der. We lowered all the main and fore yards, let go "cb'
the small bower, veered a cable and an half on the best
bower, and having bent the sheet cable, stood by the
anchor all the rest of the day, and till midnight, the
sea often breaking half-way up our main shrouds.
About one in the morning, the weather became some- Sunday 31
what more moderate, but continued to be very dark,
rainy and tempestuous, till midnight, when the wind
shifted to the S. W. and soon asterwards it became
comparatively calm and clear.

The next morning, which was the first of April, we Apr;i
had a stark calm, with now and then some light airs Monday 1.
from the eastward; but the weather was again thick
with hard rain, and we found a current setting strongly
to the eastward. At four o'clock we got up the lower
yards, unbent the sheet cable, and weighed the small
bower; at eight we weighed the best bower, and
found the cable very much rubbed in several places,
which we considered as a great misfortune, it being a
fine new cable which never had been wet before.

At eleven, we hove short on the stream anchor; but soon aster, it being calm, and a thick fog coming on with hard rain, we veered away the stream cable, and with a warp to the Tamar, heaved the ship upon the bank again, and let go the small bower in two and twenty fathom.

At six in the evening, we had strong gales at W. ,

N. W. with violent squalls and much rain, and con- J

tinued in our station till the morning of the 3d, when Wednts. 3.
I sent the Tamar's boat, with an officer from each
ship to the westward, in search of anchoring-places
on the south shore; and at the same time I sent my own
cutter with an officer to feek anchoring-places on the
north shore.

The cutter returned the next morning at six o'clock, Thun'd. 4.
having been about six leagues to the westward upon
the north shore, and found two anchoring-places.
The officer reported, that having been on shore, he
fell in with some Indians, who had with them a canoe
of a construction very different from any that he had
seen in the Streight before; this vessel consisted of
planks fewed together, but all the others were nothing



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