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became so thick that we could not seethe rocky islands. I now most heartily wished myself again at anchor in the harbour we had quitted; but in a short time we had the fatisfaction to see the weather become clear, though it continued to blow very hard the whole day. At nine the entrance of Port Egmont harbour bore E. S. E. distant two leagues; the two low islands to the northward E. by N. distant between three or four miles; and the rocky island W. {. N. distant four leagues. At ten the two low islands bore S. S. E. distant four or five miles; and we then steered along the shore east by the compass, and after having run about five leagues, we faw a remarkable head-land, with a rock at a little distance from it, bearing E. S. E. i E. distant three leagues. This head-land I called Cape Tamar. Having continued the fame course five leagues farther, we faw a rock about five miles from the main bearing N. E. at the distance of four or five leagues: this rock I called the EdisTone, and then steered between it and a remarkable head-land which I called Cape Dolphin, in the direction of E. N. E. five leagues farther. From Cape Tamar to Cape Dolphin, a distance of about eight leagues, the land forms, what I thought, a deep found, and called Carlisle Sound, but what has sinceappeared to be the northern entrance of the streight between the two principal islands. In the part that I supposed to be the bottom of the sound, we faw an opening, which had the appearance os a harbour. From Cape Dolphin we steered along the shore E ^ N sixteen leagues, to a low flat cape or head-land, and then brought to. In thisday's run the land, for the most part, resembled the east side of the coast of Patagonia, not having so much as a single tree, or even a bush, being all downs, with here and there a sew of the high tufts of grass that we had seen at Port Egmont; and in this account I am sure I am not mistaken, for I frequently failed within two miles of the shore; so that if there had been a shrub as big as a goose-berry bush, I should have seen it. During the night we had forty fathom water with rocky ground. Monday 2S. The next morning, at four o'clock, we made fail, the low slat cape then bearing S. E. by E. distant five

leagues: leagues; at half an hour aster five it bore S. S. E. distant two leagues: and we then steered from it E. S. E. five leagues, to three low rocky islands which lie about two miles from the main. From these islands we steered S. S. E. four leagues, to two other low islands, which lie at the distance of about one mile from the main. Between these islands the land forms a very deep found, which I called Berkeley's Sound. In the south part of this sound there is an opening, which has the appearance of a harbour ; and about three or four miles to the southward of the south point of it, at the distance of about four miles from the main, some rocks appear above the water, upon which the sea breaks very high, there being here a great swell from the southward. When we were a-breast of these breakers, we steered S. W. by S. about two leagues, when the southermost land in sight, which I took to be the southermost part of Falkland's Islands, bore W. S. W. distant five leagues. The coast now began to be very dangerous, there being, in all directions, rocks and breakers at a great distance from the shore. The country also inland had a more rude and desolate appearance; the high ground, as far as we could fee, being all barren, craggy rocks, very much resembling that part of Terra del Fuego which lies near Cape Horn. As the sea now rose every moment, I was asraid of being caught here upon a lee shore, in which case there would have been very little chance of my getting off, and therefore I tacked and stood to the northward; the latitude of the southermost point in sight being about 520 3' S. As we had now run no less than seventy leagues along the coast of this island it must certainly be of very considerable extent. It has been said by some former navigators to be about two hundred miles in circumference, but I made no doubt of its being nearer seven. Having hauled the wind, 1 stood to the northward about noon; the entrance of Berkeley's Sound at three o'clock bore S. W. by W. distant about fix leagues. At eight in the evening, the wind shifting to the S.W. we stood to the westward.

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- 1765

February. Wedn. 6.

Thurs. 7.

The Passage through the Sfreights of Magellan as far as
Cape Monday, with a Description of several Bays and
Harbours, formed by the Coajl on each Sidt.

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E continued to make fail for Port Desire till Wednesday the 6th day of February, when about one o'clock in the afternoon we faw land, and stood in for the Port. During the run from Falkland's Islands to this place, the number of whales about the stiip was so great as to render the navigation dangerous; we were very near striking upon one, and another blew the water in upon the quarter deck: they were much larger than any we had seen. As we were standing in for Port Desire, we faw the Florida, a store-ship that we expected from England; and at four we came to an anchor off the harbour's mouth.

The next morning, Mr. Dean, the master of the store-ship, came on board -t and finding from his report that his foremast was sprung, and his ship little better than a wreck, I determined to go into the harbour, and try to unload her there, although the narrowness of the place, and the rapidity of the tides, rendered it a very dangerous situation. We got in in the evening, but it blowing very hard in the night, both the Tamar and the storeship made signals of distress; I immediately sent my boats to their assistance, who found that notwithstanding they were moored, they had been driven up the harbour, and were in the greatest danger of being on shore. They were got off, not without great difficulty, and the very next night they drove again, and were again faved by the fame efforts, from the fame danger. As I now found that the storeship was continually driving about the harbour, and every moment in danger of being lost, I gave up, with whatever reluctance, my design of taking the provisions out of her1, and sent all our carpenters on board, to fish the mast, and make such other repairs as they could". I also lent her my forge to complete such iron work as they wapted, and determined, the moment she was in a condition to put to sea, to take herwith us into theStreight

of of Magellan, and unload her there. While this was doing, Captain Mouat, who commanded the Tamar,, informed me that his rudder was sprung, and that he had reason to fear it would in a short time become whollyunserviceable. Upon this I ordered the Carpenter of the Dolphin on board the Tamar, to examine the rudder, and he reported it to be so bad, that in his opinion the vessel could not proceed in her voyage without a new one. A new one however it was not in our power to procure at this place, and I therefore desired Captain Mouat to get his forge on shore, and secure his rudder with iron clamps in the best manner he could, hoping that in the Streight a piece of timber might be found which would furnish him with a better.


On Wednesday the 13th, the store-ship being ready Wedntf. Ii • for sea, I put on board her one of my petty officers, who was well acquainted with the Streight, and three or four of my seamen to assist in navigating her; I also lent her two of my boats, and took those belonging to her, which were staved, on board to get them repaired, and then I ordered her Master, to put to sea directly, and make the best of his way to Port Famine ; though I did not doubt but that I should come up with her long before (he got thither, as I intended to follow her as soon as the Tamar was ready, and Captain Mouat had told me, that the rudder having been patched together by the joint labour and skill of the carpenter and smith, he should be in a condition to proceed with me the next morning.

The next morning we accordingly put to sea, andThursd. 14. a few hours asterwards, being a-breast of Penguin Island, we saw the store-ship a long way to the eastward.

On Saturday the 16th, about .six o'clock in thesaturd. 16. morning, we saw Cape Fairweather bearing W. S. VV. at the distance of five or six leagues; and at nine, we saw a strange sail to the N. W. standing aster us.

On the 17th, at six in the morning, Cape Virgin Sunday 17Mary bearing south, distant five miles, we hauled in for the Streight, and the strange ship still followed us.

On the 18th, we passed the first Narrow, and as I perceived the strange ship to have shaped the same


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1765. courfe that we had, from the time she had first seen us,. February. f|10rtening- or making fail as we did, she became the Monday 1%. subject of much speculation; and as I was obliged, aster I had got through the first Narrow, to bring to for the store-ship, which was a great way a-stern, I imagined she would speak with us, and therefore I put the ship into the best order I could. As soon as he had passed the Narrow, and saw me lying to, he did the same about four miles to windward of me. In this situation we remained till night came on, and the tide setting us over to the south shore, we came to an anchor; the v/ind however shifted us before morning, and at day break 1 saw our satellite at anchor about three leagues to leeward of us. As it was then tide of slood, I thought of working through the second Narrow ; but seeing the stranger get under way, and work up towards us, I ran directly over into Gregory Bay, and brought the ship to an anchor, with a spring upon our cable: I also got eight of our guns, which were all we could get at, out of the hold, and brought them over on one side. In the mean time the ship continued to work up towards us, and various were our conjectures about her, for she shewed no colours, neither did we. It happened about this time that the store-ship, as she was endeavouring to come to an anchor near us, ran a-ground; upon which the stranger came to an anchor a little way a-stern, at the fame time hoisting French colours, and sending his launch, and another boat, with an anchor to assist her. Still however I shewed no colours, but sent my own boats, and a boat of the Tamar's to assist the store-ship, giving orders at the fame time to the officers, not to suffer the French boats to come on board her, but to thank them in polite terms for the assistance they intended. These orders were punctually obeyed, and with the assistance of cur own boats only, the store-ship was soon aster got off: my people reported that the French (hip was full of men, and seemed to have a great number of officers on board.

At six o'clock in the evening, I made the signal and weighed; we worked through the second Narrow, and at ten o'clock passed the west end of it: at eleven, we anchored in seven fathom off Elizabeth's Island; and the French ship at the same time anchored in a bad


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