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J769, and Oberea had taken to recover his things, though they . 'y' . had not been successsul. As it cannot be supposed that in such a situation his sleep was very found, he soon after heard music, and faw lights at a little distance on shore: this was a concert or assembly, which they call Heiva, a common name for every public exhibition ; and as it would necessarily bring many people together, and there was a chance of my being among them with his other friends, he rose and made the best of his way towards it: he was soon led by the lights and the sound to the hut where I lay, with three other gentlemen of our party; and easily distinguishing us from the rest, he made up to us more than half naked, and told us his melancholy story. We gave him such comfort as the unfortunate generally give to each other, by telling him that we were sellow sufferers : I shewed him that I was myself without stockings, they having been stolen from under my head, though I am sure I had never been asleep, and each of my associates convinced him, by his appearance that he had lost a jacket. We determined, however, to hear out the concert, however deficient we might appear in our dress; it consisted of three drums, four flutes, and several voices: when this entertainment, which lasted about an hour, was over, we retired again to our sleeping places; "having agreed, that nothing could be done toward the recovery of our things till the morning.
We rose at day-break, according to the custom of the country; the first man that Mr. Banks faw was Tupia, faithsully attending with his musquet; and soon after, Oberea brought him some of her country cloths, as a succedaneum for his own, so that when he came to us he made a most motly appearance, half Indian and half English. Our party soon got together, except Dr. Solander, whose quarters we did not know, and who had rot assisted at the concert: in a short time Tootahah made his appearance, and we pressed him to recover our clothes; but neither he nor Oberea could be persuaded to take any measure for that purpose; so that we began to suspect that they had been parties in the theft. About eight o'clock we were joined by Dr. Solander who had fallen into honester hands, at a house a mile distant, and had lost nothing.
Ha.vi.Tig given up all hopes of recovering our clothes, which indeed were never afterwards heard of, we spent all the morning in soliciting she hogs which we had been promised; but in this we had no better success: we therefore, in no very good humour, set out for the boat about twelve o'clock, with only that which we had redeemed from the butcher and cook the night before.
As we were returning to the boat, however, we were entertained with a sight that in some measure compenfated for our fatigue and difappointment. In our way we came toone of the sew places where access to the island is not guarded by a reef, and, consequently, a high surf breaks upon the shore; a moredreadfol one indeed I had seldom seen ; it was impossible for any European boat to have lived in it; and if the best swimmer in Europe had, by any accident, been exposed to its sury, I am confident that he would not have been able to preserve himself from drowning, especially as the shore was covered with pebbles and large stones; yet, in the midst of these breakers, were ten or twelve Indians swimming for their amusement: whenever a surf broke near them, they dived under it, and, to all appearance, with infinite facility, rose again on the other fide. This diversion was greatly improved by the stern of an old canoe, which they happened to find upon the spot; they took this before them, and swam out with it as far as the outermost breach, then two or three of them getting into it, and turning the square end to the breaking wave, were driven in towards the shore with incredible rapidity, sometimes almost to the beach; but generally the wave broke over them before they got half way, in which case they dived, and rose on the other side with the canoein theirhands: they then swam out with it again, and were again driven back, just as our holiday youth climb the hill at Greenwich-park for the pleasure of rolling down it. At this wondersul scene we stood gazing for more than half an hour, during which time none of the swimmers attempted to come on shore, but seemed to enjoy their sport in the highest degree; we then proceeded on our journey, and, late in the evening, got back to the fort.
Upon this occasion it may be observed, that human nature is endued with powers which are only accidentally
exerted exerted to the utmost; and that all men are capable of what no man attains,except he is stimulated to the effort by some uncommon circumstances or situation. These Indians effected what to us appeared to be supernatural, merely by the application of such powers as they possessed in common with us, and all other men who have no particular infirmity or defect. The truth of the observation is also manifest from more familiar instances. The rope-dancer and balance-master owe their art, not to any peculiar liberality of Nature, but to an accidental improvement of her common gifts; and though equal diligence and application would not always produce equal excellence in these, any more than in other arts: yet there is no doubt but that a certain degree of proficiency in them might be universally attained. Another proof of the existence of abilities in mankind, that are almost universally dormant, is furnished by the attainments of blind men. It cannot be supposed that the loss of one fense, like the amputation of a branch from a tree, gives new vigour to those that remain, Every man's hearing and touch, therefore, are capable of the nice distinctions which astonish us in those that have lost their sight, and if they do not give the same intelligence to the mind, it is merely because the same intelligence is not required of them: he that can fee may do from choice what the blind do by necessity, and by the fame diligent attention to the other fenses, may receive the fame notices from them; let it therefore be remembered, as an encouragement to persevering diT ligence, and a principle of general use to mankind, that he who does all he can, will ever effect much more than is generally thought to be possible.
Among other Indians that had visited us, there were some from a neighbouring island which they called Eimeo or Imao, the same to which Captain Wallis had given the name of the Duke of York's island; and they gave us an account of no less than two and twenty islands that lay in the neighbourhood of Otaheite.
As the day of observation now approached, I determined, in consequence of some hints which had been given me by Lord Morton, to fend out two parties to observe the transit from other situations; hoping, that if we should fail at Otaheite, they might have better
success. We were, therefore, now busily employed in 1J69. preparing our instruments, and instructing such gentle- ^J^. men in the use of them as I intended to fend out.
On Thursday the 1st of June, the Saturday follow- Ja"e< ing being the day of the Transit, I dispatched Mr. Gore in the long-boat to Imao, with Mr. Monkhouse and Mr. Sporing, a gentleman belonging to Mr. Banks, Mr. Green having furnished them with proper instruments. Mr. Banks himself thought fit to go upon this expedition, and several natives, particularly Tubourai Tamaide and Tomio, were also of the party. Very early on the Friday morning,' I sent Mr. Hicks, with Mr. Clerk and Mr. Petersgill, the Master's Mates, and Mr. Saunders, one of the Midshipmen, in the pinnace to the eastward, with orders to fix on some convenient spot, at a distance from our principal observatory, where they also might employ the instruments with, which they had been furnished for the same purpose.
The long-boat not having been got ready till Thursday in the asternoon, though all possible expedition was used to fit her oyt, the people on board, after having rowed most part of the night, brought her to a - grappling jpst under the land of Imao. Soon aster daybreak, they saw an Indian canoe, which they hailed, rl ay S' and the people on board shewed them an inlet through the rets into which they pulled, and soon fixed upon a coral rock, which rose out of the water about one hundred and fifty yards from the shore, as a proper situation for their observatory: it was about eighty yards long and twenty broad, and in the middle of it was a bed of white sand, large enough for the terits to stand upon. Mr. Gore and his assistants immediately began to set them up, and make other necessary preparations for the important business of the next dav. While this was doing, Mr. Banks, with the Indians cf Otaheite, and the people whom they had met in the canoe, went a shore upon the main istand, to buy provisions ; of which he procured a sufficient supply before night. When he returned to the rock, he found the observatory in order, and the telescopes all fixed rnd tried. The evening was very fine, yet their solicitude did not permit them to take much rest in the night: one or other of them was up every half hour,
who fatisfied the impatience of the rest by reporting the changes of the sky; now encouraging their hope by telling them that it was clear, and now alarming their sears by an account that it was hazy. Sjtnr. 3. At day-break they got up, and had the fatisfaction
to see the sun rise, without a cloud. Mr. Banks then, wishing the observers, Mr. Gore and Mr. Monkhouse, success, repaired again to the island, that he might examine its produce, and get a fresh supply of provisions: he began by trading with the natives, for which purpose he took his station under a tree ; and to keep them from pressing upon him in a crowd, he drew a circle round him, which he suffered none of them to enter.
About eight o'clock, he faw two canoes coming towards the place, and was given to understand by the people about him, that they belonged to Tarr Ao, the King of the island, who was coming to make him a visit. As soon as the canoes came near the shore, the people made a lane from the beach to the trading-place, and his majesty landed, with his sister, whose name was Nun A; as they advanced towards the tree where Mr. Banks stood, he went out to meet them, and, with great formality, introduced them into the circle from which the other natives had been excluded. As it is the custom of these people to sit during all their conserences, Mr. Banks unwrapped a kind of Turban ot Indian cloth, which he wore upon his head instead of a hat, and spreading it upon the ground, they all fat down upon it together. The royal present was then brought, which consisted of a hog and a dog, some bread-fruit, cocoa-nuts, and other articles of the like kind. Mr. Banks then dispatched a canoe to the observatory for his present, and the messengers soon returned with an adze, a shirt and some beads, which were presented to his Majesty, and received with great fatisfaction.
By this time, Tubourai Tamaide and Tcmiojoinfed them, from the observatory. Tomio faid, that she was related toTarro, and brought him a present of a long nail, at the fame time complimenting Nuna with a shirt.
The first internal contact of the planet with the sun being over, Mr. Banks returned to the observatory, taking Tarrao, Nuna and some of their principal attendants, among whom were thrte very handsome ''!..' young