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by their calling to the Indians without the'fort to be »769. silent ; yet when the service was over, neither ofthemu - _f asked any questions, nor would they attend to any at-& tempt that was made to explain what had been done.

Such were our Matins; our Indians thought fit to perform Vespers of a very different kind. A young man, near six feet high, performed the rites of Venus with a little girl about eleven or twelve years of age before several of our people, and a great number of thenatives,without the least fense of its being indecent or improper, but, as it appeared, in perfect conformity to the custom of the place. Among the spectators were several women of superior rank,particularly Oberea, who may properly be said to have assisted at the ceremony; for they gave instructions to the girl how to perform her part, which, young as she was, she did not seem much to stand in need of.

This incident is not mentioned as an object of idle curiosity,but as it deserves consideration in determining a question which has been long debated in philosophy; Whether the shame attending certain actions, which are allowed on all sides to be in themselves innocent, is implanted in nature, or superinduced by custom? If it has its origin in custom, it will, perhaps, be found difficult to trace that custom, however, general, to its 'source; if in instinct, it will be equally difficult to discover from what cause it is subdued or at least overruled among these people, in whose manners not the least trace of it is to be found.

On the 14th and 15th we had another opportunity Monday 15. of observing the general knowledge which these people had of any.design that was formed among them. In the night between the 13th and 14th one of the watercasks was stolen from the outside of the fort: in the morning, there was not an Indian to be seen who did not knowthat it was gone; yet they appeared not to have been trusted, or not to have been worthy of trust, for-rhey seemedallof them disposed to give intelligence where it .might be found. "Mr. Banks traced it to a part of the bay where he was told it had been put into a canoe j but as it was not of great consequence, he did not complete the.discovery. When he returned, he .-"., H B 2 was

S

1769- was told by Tubourai Tamaide, that another cask ,_5[l. would be stolen before the morning: how he came by this knowledge it is not easy to imagine, but that he was tiot a party in the design is certain ; for he came With his wife and family to the place where the W3ter-casks stood, and placing their beds near them, he said he would himself be a pledge for their sasety, in despight of the thief: of this, however, we would not admit; aud making him understand that a centry would be placed to watch the casks till the morning, hereifioved the beds into Mr. Banks's tent, where be and his family spent the night, making signs to "the centry when he retired, that he should keep his eyes "open, fii the night this intelligence appeared to be true; about twelve o'clock the thief came, but , discovering that a watch had been set, he went away

without his booty.

Mt. Banks^s coh'fidehce in Tubourai Tamaide had greatly increased since the asfair of the knife, ifi t:ofi'sequence of which he was at length exposed to temptations Which nehherhis integrity nor his honour Vere able to resist. They had withstood many allureYhents, but were at length 'ensnared by the fascinating chaYrns of a baskerof hails: These nails were much la'rgerthan any that hadbeen yet brought into trade, "and bad, with perhaps some degree of criminal 'negligence, been left in a corner of Mt. Banks's tent, to which the Chief had always freeaccefs. 'One of these nails Mr. Bankes servant happened to see rn his 'posfession, upon his having inadvertently'thrown back that part of his garment urtder which it Was concealed. Mr. Banks being told "of this, and ''knowing that no such thing had been given him, either as'a present or ih barter, immediately txamined ih€ .barker, m& discovered, that dut Of seven tiails fiv^wer^rhifling. He's hen, though fi'd,t without great fetuebrnce, charged him with she fact, whieh'he.immediately confessed, •and however he'rrfignt suffer, wavprobtth^ynot'mdft hurt than his accuser.'; Ademand Was 'Jrnrhedta'reTy. Ynade Vlf rest'itutioYi; hftt 'this he defcfineil;'' faying, "that 'thenails were at I5parre; however^'-jyfr. Banks appearing to be much'in earnest, and 'ufrngfome threatening signs, he thought 'fit to produce one of them. .^ He He was taken to the fort; to receive such judg- 'J69ment as should be given against him by the general,, - . voice.

After some deliberation, that we might not appear to think too lightly of his offence, he was told, that if he would bring the other four nails to the fort, it Ihould be forgotten. To this condition he agreed; but I am sorry to say he did not sulfil it. Instead of setching the nails, he removed with his family before night, and took all his surniture with him.

Asour long-boat had appeared to be leaky, I thought it necessary to examine her bottom, and, to my great surprize, found it so much eaten by the worms, that it was necessary to give her a new one; no such accident had happened to the Dolphin's boats, as I was informed by the officers on board, and therefore it was a misfortune that I did not expect: I seared that the pinnace also might be nearly in the fame condition; but, upon examining her, I had the fatisfaction to find that not a worm had touched her, though she was built of the fame wood, and had been as much in the water ; the reason of this difference I imagine to be, that the long-boat was payed with varnish of pine, and the pinnace painted with white lead and oil; the bottoms of all boats therefore which are sent into this country should be painted like that of the pinnace, and the ships should be supplied with a good stock, in order to give them a new coating when it shall be found necessary.

Having received repeated messages from Tootahah,-svcdnei". 24. that if we would pay him a visit he would acknowledge the favour by a present of four hogs, I sent Mr. Hicks, my First Lieutenant, to try if he could not procure the hogs upon easier terms, with orders to shew him every civility in his power. Mr. Hicks found that he was removed from Eparre to a place called TettaHAH, five miles farther to the westward. He was re'ceived with great cordiality ; one hog was immediately produced, and he was told that the other three, which were at some distance, should be brought in the morning. Mr. Hicks readily consented to wait; but the morning came without the hogs, a id it not being convenient to

stay

»769. ft3y longer, he returned in the evening, with the one y_^^j that he had got. Thuis. 25. On the 25th, Tubourai Tamaide and his wife Tomio made their appearance at the tent, for the first time since he had been detected in stealing the nails; he seemed to be under some discontent and apprehension, yet he did not think fit to purchase our countenance and good-will by restoring the four which he had sent away. As Mr. Banks and the other gentlemen treated him with a coolness and reserve which did not at all tend to restore his peace or good-humour, his stay was short, and his departure abrupt. Mr. Monkhouse, the Surgeon, went the next morning, in order to effect a reconciliation, by persuading him to bring down the nails, but he could not succeed.

CHAP. XIII.

Another Visit to Tootahah, with various Adventures: Extraordinary Amusement of the Indians, with Remarks upon it: Preparations to observe the Transit of Venus, and what happened in the mean time at the Fort

Saturday27- /"V^ tne 27lri, it was determined that we should V_y pay our visit to Tootahah, though we were not 'very confident that we should receive the hogs for our pains. I therefore set out early in the morning, with Mr. Banks and Dr. Solander, and three others, in the pinnace. He was now removed from Tettahah, where Mr. Hicks had seen him, so a place called Atahqurou, about six miles farther, and as we could not go above half way thither in the boat, it was almost evening before we arrived: we found him in his usual state, sitting under a tree, with a great crowd about him. We made our presents in due form, consisting of a yellow stuff petticoat, and some other trisling articles, which were graciously received; a hog was immediately ordered to be killed and dressed for supper, with a promise of more in the morning : however, as we weie less desirous of feasting upon our journey than of carrying back with us provisions, which would be more welcome at the fort, we procured •cured a reprieve for the hog, and supped upon the 1769

fruits of the country. As night now came on, and , the place was crowded with many more than the houses and canoes would contain, there being Oberea with her attendants, and many other travellers whom we knew, we began to look out for lodgings. Our party consisted of six : Mr. Banks thought himself fortunate in being offered a place by Oherea in her canoe, and wishing his friends a good night, rook his leave. He went to rest early, according to the custom of the country, and taking off his clothes, as was his constant practice, the nights being hot, Oberea kindly insisted upon taking them into her own custody, for otherwise she said they would certainly fee stolen. Mr. Banks having such a saseguard, resigned himself to sleep with all imaginable tranquillity: but awaking about eleven o'clock, and wanting to get up, he searched for his clothes where he had seen them deposited by Oberea when he lay down to sleep, and soon perceived thaKhey were missing. He immediately awakened Oberea, who starting up, and hearing his complaint, ordered lights, and prepared in great haste to recover what he had lost: Tootahah himself slept in the next canoe, and being soon alarmed, he came to them and set out with Oberea in search of the thief: Mr. Banks was not in a condition to go with them., for of his apparel scarce any thing was left him but his breeches ; his .coat, and his waistcoat, with his pistols, powder-horn, and many other things that were in the pocket6, were gone. In about half an hour his two noWe friends returned, but without having obtained any intelligence of his clothes or the thief. At first he began to be alarmed, his musquet had not indeed been taken awav, but he had neglecled to load it; where I and Dr. Solander had disposed of ourselves he did not know ; and therefore, whatever might happen, he could not have recourse to us for assistance. He thought it best, however, to express neither fear nor suspicion of those about him, and giving his mufquet to Tupia, who had been waked in the confusion andstood bv him, with a charge not to suffer it to be stolen, he betook himself again to rest, declaring himfelf perfectly satisfied with the pains tijat 'icotahah

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