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"769- for a minor whom we never saw all the time that we (^_J^V were upon it. When Mr. Green returned from this expedition, he said he had seen a tree of a size which he was asraid to relate,' it being no less than sixty yards in circumference; but Mr. Banks and Dr. Solander soon explained to him, that it was a species of the fig, the branches of which, bending down, take fresh root in the earth, and thus form a congeries of trunks,which being very close to each other, and all joined by a common vegetation, might easily be mistaken for one.

Though the market at the fort was now tolerably supplied, provisions were brought more (lowly: a sufficient quantity used to be purchasedbetween sun-rise and eight o'clock, but it was now become necessary to attend the greatest part of the day. Mr. Banks, therefore, fixed his little boat up before the door of the fort, which was of great use as a place to trade in : hitherto we had purchased cocoa-nuts and bread-fruit for beads, but the market becoming rather slack in these articles, we were now, for the first time, forced to bring out our nails : one of our smallest size, which was about four inches long, procured us twenty cocoa-nuts, and breadfruit in proportion, so that in a short time our first plenty was restored.

On the 9th, soon aster breakfast, we received a visit from Oberea, being the first that she had made us asterthe loss of our quadrant, and the unfortunate confinement of Tootahah : with her came her present favourite, Obadee, and Tupia: they brought us a hog and some bread-fruit ; in return for which we gave her a hatchet. We had now afforded our Indian friends a new and interesting object of curiosity, our forge, which having been set up some time, was almost constantly at work. It was now common for them to bring pieces of iron, which we supposed they must have got from the Dolphin, to be made into tools of various kinds, and as I was very desirous to gratify them, they were indulged, except when the smith's time was too precious to be spared. Oberea having received her hatchet, produced as much old iron as would have made another, with a request that another might be made of it: in this, however, I could not gratify her 3 upon 'V which

which she brought out a broken axe, and desired it '769

might be mended ; I was gladof an opportunity to com- *y"

promise the difference between us : her axe was mend- *"""
ed,and she appeared to be content. They went away,
at night, and took with them the canoe, which had
been a considerable time at the point, but promised
to return in three days.

On the 10th I put some melons and other plants Wednes. 10. into a spot of ground which had been turned up for the purpose; they had all been sealed up by the person of whom they were bought, in small bottles with resin; but none of them came up except mustard; even the cucumbers and melons failed, and Mr. Banks was of opinion that they were spoiled by the total exclusion of fresh air.

This day we learned the Indian name of the island, whichisOTAHEiTE,and by that name I shall hereafter distinguish, it: but after great pains taken we found it utterly impossible to teach the Indians to pronounce our names; we had, therefore, new names, consisting of

'such sounds as they produced in the attempt. They called me Toote; Mr. Hicks, Hete; Mollineux they renounced in absolute despair, and called the Master Boba, from his Christian name Robert; Mr. Gore was Toarro; Dr. Solander, Torano; and Mr. Banks, Tapane; Mr. Green, Eteree; Mr. Parkinson, Patini; Mr. Sporing, Pollni ; Petersgill, Petrodero ; and in this manner they had now formed names for almost every

. man in the ship: in some, however, it was not easy to find any traces of the original, and they were perhaps, not mere arbitrary sounds formed upon the occasion, but significant words in their own language. Monkhouse, the Midshipman,who commanded the party that killed the man for stealing the mufket,they called Matte* not merely to imitate in sound the first syllable of Monkhouse, but because Matte signifies dead; and this probably might be the case with others.

CHAP.

CHAP. XII.

Some Ladies visit the Fort with uncommon Ceremonies. The Indians attend Divine Service, and in the Evening exhibit a moji extraordinary Speilacle. Tubourai falls into Temptation.

t7t9- TT^RIDAY, theiathof May, was distinguished by May. jp a vlI-)t from some ladies whom we had never seen ^"v"""'"^ before, and who introduced themselves with some very singular ceremonies. Mr. Hanks was trading in his boat at the gate of the fort as usual, in company with Tootahah, who had that morning paid him a visit, and some other of the natives ; between nine and ten o'clock, a double canoe came to the landing-place, under the awning of which fat a man and two women .: The Indians that were about Mr. Banks made signs that he should go out to meet them, which he hasted to do; but by the time he could get out of the boat, they advanced within ten yards of him: they then stopped, and made signs that he should do so too, laying down about a dozen young plantain trees, and some other small plants : he complied, and the people having made a lane between them, the man, who appeared to be a servant, brought six of them to Mr. Banks by one of each at a time, pasting and repaslingstx times, and always pronounced a .short sentience when he delivered them. Tupia, who stood by Mr. Banks, acted as his .master of the ceremonies, and receiving the branches as they were brought, laid them down in the boat. When this wasdone,another man brought a large bundle of cloth, which having 'opened, be spread piece by piece upon the g-roundVin the space between Mr. Banks andhis visitors* there were nine pieces, and havirlg laid three pieces one upon another, the foremost of the women, who seemed to be the principal, and who was called Oorattoo, stepped upon them, and taking up her garments all round her to the waist, turned about, with great composure and deliberation, with an air of perfect innocence and simplicity, three tiiflqs; when this was done, (he dropped the veil, and stepping off the cloth, three more pieces —""•x. were •were laid on, and she repeated the ceremony, then !769' stepping off as before ; the last three were laid on, ^y^ and the ceremony was repeated in the fame manner the third time. Immediately aster this the cloth was rolled up, and given to Mr. Banks, as a present from the lady, who, with her friend, came up and saluted him. He made such presents to them both as he thought would be moil acceptable, and aster having staid about an hour they went away. In the evening the Gentlemen at the fort had a visit from Oberea, and her favourite female attendant, whose name was OtheoThea, an agreeable girl, whom they were the more pleased to see, because having.been some days absent, it had been reported that she was either sick or dead. Saturd. 13.

On the 13th,the market being over about ten o'clock, Mr. Banks walked into the woods with his gun, as ihe generally did, for the benefit of the shade in the beat of the day: as he was returning back, he met Tubourai Tamaide, near his occasional dwelling, and stopping to Ipend some time with him, he suddenly -took the gun out of Mr. Banks's band, cocked it, and, holding it up in the air, drew the trigger: fortunately for bim, it slashed in the pan: Mr. Banks immediately took it from him, not a little surprized bow be had acquired sufficient knowledge of a gun to discharge it, and reproved him with great severity for what ihe bad done. As it was of infinite importance to Jteep the Indians totally ignorant of the management of .fire-arms, he had taken every opportunity of intimating that they could never offend him so highly as by even touching his piece; it was now proper to enforce this prohibition, and he therefore added threats to his reproof: the Indian bore all patiently; but the moment Mr. Banks crossed the river, he set offwith all bis family and furniture for bis house.. at Eparre. This being quickly known from thelndiansat the fort, and great inconvenience being apprehended fnamthe displeasure of this man, who upon all occasions had been particularly useful, Mr. Banks determined to follow him without delay, and solicit his return: he fetoutithe fame evening, accompanied by Mr. Molli, ncaux, and found him sitting in the middle of a large

Vox. I- H h circle

1769- circle of people, to whom he had probably related what

**' had happened, and his fears of the consequences; he

was himself the very picture of grief and dejection, and the same passions- were strongly marked in the countenances of all the people that surrounded him. When Mr. Banks and Mr. Mollineaux went into the circle, one of the women expressed her trouble, as Terapo had done upon another occasion, and struck a shark's tooth into her head several times, till it was covered with blood. Mr. Banks lost Ho time in putting an end to this universal distress; he assured the Chief, that every thing which had passed should be forgotten; that there was not the least animosity remaining on one side, nor any thing to be feared on the other. The Cliief was soon soothed into confidence and complacency, a double canoe was ordered to be got ready, they all returned to the fort before supper, and, as a pledge of perfect reconciliation, both he and his wife slept all night in Mr. Banks's tent: their presence, however, was no palladium; for, between eleven and twelve o'clock, one of the natives attempted to get into the fort by scaling the walls, with a design, no doubt, to steal whatever he should happen to find ; but he was .discovered by the centinel, who happily did hot fire, and he ran away much faster than any of our people could follow him- The iron, and iron-tools, which were in continual use at the.armourer's forge, that was set up within the works, were temptations to theft which none of these people could withstand. Sunday H- ^>n t'ie I4t^1, w"bich was Sunday, I directed that Divine Service should be performed at the fort: we were desirous that some of the principal Indians should be present; but when the hour came, most of them were returned home. Mr. Banks, however, crossed the river, and brought back Tubourai Tamaide and his wife Tomio, hoping that it would give occasion to some inquiries on their part, and some instruction on ours: having seated them, he placed himself between them, and during the whole fervice, they very attentively observed his behaviour, and very exactly imitated it ; standing, sitting, or kneeling, as they saw him do : they were conscious that we were employed about somewhat ferious and important, as appeared

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