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upon our receiving a present of two hogs ; though, being conscious that upon this occasion we had no claim to favours, we refused them many times.

Mr. Banks and Dr. Solander attended the next morn- w«d„ ing in their usual capacity of market-men, but very few Indians appeared, and those who came brought no provisions. Tootahah, however, sent some of his people for the canoe that had been detained, which they took away. A canoe havingalso been detained, that belonged to Oberea,TupiA, the person who managed her affairs when the Dolphin was here, was sent to examine whether anything on board had been taken away; and he was so well satisfied of the contrary, that he left the canoe where he found it, and joined us at the fort, where he spent the day, and slept on board the canoe at night. About noon, some fishing boats came a-breast ©f the tents, but would part with very little of what they had on board ; and we felt the want of cocoa-nuts and bread-fruit very severely. In the course of the day, Mr. Banks walked out into the woods, that by conversing with the people he might recover their confidence and good-will; he found them civil, but they all complained of the ill treatment of their Chief; who, they said, had been beaten and pulled by the hair. Mr. Banks endeavoured to convince them, that he had suffered no personal violence,\vhich to thebefl of our knowledge was true ; yet perhaps the boatswain had behaved with a brutality which he was asraid or ashamed to acknowledge. The Chief himself being probably, upon recollection, of opinion that we had ill deserved the hogs, which he had left with us as a present, sent a messenger down in the asternoon to demand an axe, and a shirt in return ; but as 1 was told that he did not intend to come down to the fort for ten days, I excused myself from giving them till I should see him, hoping that his impatience might induce him to fetch them,and f,

bnowingthat absence would probably continue the coolness between us, to which the first interview might put an end.

The next day we were still more sensible of the in- Thursd. 4.. convenience we had incurred by giving offence to the people in person of their Chief, for the market was so >U supplied, that we were in want of necessaries. Mr.


Banks therefore went into the Tubourai Tamaide,and with some difficulty persuaded him to let us have five baskets of bread-fruit; a very seasonable supply,as they contained above one hundred and twenty. In the afternoon another messenger arrived from Tootahah for the axe and shirt; as it was now become absolutely necesfary to recover the friendship of this man, without which it would be scarcely possible to procure provisions, I sent word that Mr. Banks and myself would visit him on the morrow, and bring what he wanted with us. Friday 5. Early the next morning he sent again to remind me of my promise, and his people seemed to wait till we should set out with great impatience : I therefore ordered the pinnace, in which 1 embarked with Mr. Banks and Dr. Solander about ten o'clock : we took one of Tootahah's people in the boat with us, and in about an hour we arrived at his place of residence, which is called Eparre, and is about four miles to the westward of the tents.

We found the people waiting for us in great numbers upon the shore, so that it would have been impossible for us to have proceeded, if way had not been made for us by a tall well-looking man, who had some thing like a turban about his head, and a long white stick in his hand, with which he laid about him at an unmercisul rate. This man conducted us to the Chief, while the people shouted round us, Taio Tootabah; "Tootahah,is your friend."We found him,like an ancient Patriarch sitting under a tree, with a number of venerable old men standing round him ; he made a sign to us to sit down, and immediately asked for his axe: this I presented to him, with an upper garment osbroadcloth, made after the cotintry fashion, and trimmed with tape, to which I also added a sh&t: he received them with great fatisfaction, and immediately put on the garment; but the shirt he gave to the person who had cleared the way for us upon our landing, who was now seated by us, and of whom he seemed desirous that we should take particular notice. In a short time Oberea, and several other women whom we knew, came and fat down among us: Tootahah left us several time?, but aster a short absence returned: we thought


it had been to shew himself in his new finery to the '769people, but we wronged him, for it was to give direc- .JT, tions for our refreshment and entertainment. While we were waiting for his return the last time he left us, very impatient to be dismissed, as we were almost suffocated in the crowd, word was brought us, that he expected us elsewhere: we found him sitting under the awning of our own boat, and making signs that we should come to him : as many of us, therefore,went on board as the boat would hold,and he then ordered breadfruit and cocoa-nuts to be brought, of both which we tasted, rather to gratify him than because we had a desire to eat. A message soon after was brought him, upon which he went out of the boat, and we were in a short time desired to follow. We were conducted to a large area or court-yard, which was railed round with bamboos about three seet high, on one side of his house,. where an entertainment was provided for us, entirely new: this was a wrestling match. At the upper end of the area fat the Chief, and several of his principal men were ranged on each side of him, so as to form a semicircle: these were the judges, by whom the victor was to be applauded; seats were also left for us at each end of the line, but we chose rather to be at liberty among the rest of the spectators.

When all was ready, ten or twelve persons, whom we understood to be the combatants, and who were naked, except a cloth that was fastened about the waist, entered the area, and walked flowly round it, in a stooping posture, with their left hands on their right breasts, and their right hands open, with which they frequently struck the left fore-arm so as to produce a quick smart found : this was a general challenge to the combatants whom they were to engage, or any other person present; after these followed others in the fame manner, and then a particular challenge was given, by which each man singled out his antagonist: this was done by joining the finger ends of both hands, and bringing them to the breast, at the fame time moving the elbows up and down with a quick motion: if the person to whom this was addressed accepted the challenge, he repeated the signs, and immediately each put himself in an attitude to engage: the next minute


they closed; but after, in first seizing each other, it was a mere contest of strength : each endeavoured to lay hold of the other, first by the thigh, and if that failed by the hand, the hair, the cloth, or elsewhere as he could : when this was done, they grappled, without the least dexterity or (kill, till one of them, by having a more advantageous hold, or greater muscular force, threw the other on his back; When the contest was over, the old men gave their plaudit to the victor in a few words, which they repeated together in a kind of tune; his conquest was generally celebrated by three huzzas. The entertainment was then suspended for a few minutes, after which another couple of wrestlers came forward and engaged in the fame manner: if it happened that neither of them was thrown, aster the contest had continued about a minute, they parted, either by consent or the intervention of their friends, and in this case each slapped his arm, as a challenge to a new engagement, either with the fame antagonist or some other. While the wrestlers were engaged, another party of men performed a dance, which lasted also about a minute ; but neither of these parties took the least notice of each other, their attention being wholly fixed on what they were doing. We observed, with pleasure, that the conqueror never exulted over the vanquished, and that the vanquished never repined at the success of the conqueror ; the whole contest was carried on with perfect good- will and goodhumour, though in the presence of at least five hundred spectators, of whom some were women. The number of women indeed was comparatively small; none but those of rank were present, and we had reason to believe that they would not have been spectators of this exercise but in compliment to us.

This lasted about two hours ; during all which time the man who made way for us when we landed kept the people at a proper distance, by striking those who pressed forward very severely with his stick; upon enquiry we learned, that he was an officer belonging to Tco.ahah, aifing as a master of the ceremonies.

•It is scarcely possible for those who are acquainted with the athletic sports of very remote antiquity, not •to remark a rude resemblance of them in this vvrestling

matcb match among the natives of a little island in the middle 1769

of the Pacific Ocean: and even our ferhale readers ^

may recollect the account given of them by Fenclon in his Telemachus, where, though the events are fictitious, the manners of the age are faithfully transcribed from authors, by whom they are supposed to have been truly related.

When the wrestling was over, we were given to understand that two hogs, and a large quantity of bread* fruit, were preparing for our dinner, which, as our appetites were now keen, was very agreeable intelligence. Our host, however, seemed to repent of his liberality; for, instead of setting his two hogs before us, he ordered one of them to be carried into our boat ; at first we were not sorry for this new disposition of matters, thinking that we should dine more comfortably in the boat than on shore, as the crowd would more easily be kept at a distance: but when we came on board, he ordered us to proceed with his hog to the ship; this was mortifying, as we were now to row four miles while our dinner was growing cold; however, we thought fit to comply, and were at last gratified with the cheer that he had provided, of which he and Tuboyrai Tamaide had a liberal share.

Our reconciliation with this man operated upon thb people like a charm ; for he was no sooner known to be on board, than bread-fruit, cocoa-nuts, and other provisions were brought to the fort in great plenty.

Affairs now went on in the usual channel; but pork being still a scarce commodity, our Master, Mr. Mollineux, and Mr. Green, went in the pinnace to the eastward, on the 8th, early in the morning, to see whether they could procure any hogs or poultry in that part of the country; they proceeded in that direction twenty miles;" but though they saw many hogs, and one turtle, they could not purchase either at any price; the people every where told them, that they all belonged to Tootahah, and that they could sell none of them without his permission. We now began to think this man was indeed a great Prince; for an insluence so extensive and absohite could be acquired by no other. And we afterwards found that he administered the government of this part of the island, as sovereign,


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