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'7^9- but a very short time to live. Mr. Banks, however,

hi '-a_a being now master of his disease, directed him to drink

plentisully of cocoa-nut milk, which in a short time put an end to his sickness and apprehensions, and he spent the day at the fort with that uncommon ttow of cheersulness and good-humour, which is always produced by a sudden and unexpected relief from pain cither of body or mind.

Captain Wallis having brought home one of the adze's which these people, having no metal of any kind, make of stone, Mr. Stevens, theSecrerary to the Admiralty, procured one to be made of iron in imitation of it, which I brought out with me, to shew how much we excelled in making tools after their own fashion: this I had not yet produced, as it never happened to come into my mind. But on the first of May, Tootahah coming on board about ten o'clock in the forenoon, expressed a great curiosity to see the contents of every eh'est and drawer that was in my cabbin; as I always made a. point of gratifying him, I opened them immediately, arid having taken a fancy to many things that he Taw, and collected them together, he at last happened to cast his eyes upon this adze; he instantly snatched it up with the greatest eagerness, and putting awayevery thingwhich he had before selected,he asked me whether I would let him have that: I readily consented; and, as if he was afraid I mould repent, hecarried it off immediately in a transport of joy, with©ut iraking any other request, which, whatever had been our liberality, was seldom the case.

About noon a Chief, who had dined with me a sew days before^ accompanied by some of his women, came on board alone: I had observed that he was sed by his. women, but I made no doubt, that upon occasion he would condescend to seed himself: in this, however, I found myself mistaken. When my noble guest was seated, and the dinner upon the table, I helped him to some victuals: as 1 observed that he did not immediately begin his meal, I pressed him to eat: but he still continued to sit motionless like a statue, without attempting to put a single morsel into his mouth, and would certainly have gone without his dinner, if one of the servants had not fad him.



The Observatory set up; the Quadrant ftolen, and Consequence! os the Theft : A visit to Tootahah: Description of a Wrestling-match: European Seeds sown: Names given to our People by the Indians.

IN the afternoon of Monday the 1st of May, we set 1769. up the observatory, and took the astronomical qua- Maydrant, with some other instruments on shore, for the i^J^^Tf first time.

The next morning, about nine o'clock, \ went on Tuesday*, shore with Mr. Gr-een to fix the quadrant in a situation for use, when to our inexpressible surprize and concern, it was not to be found. It had been deposited in the tent which was reserved for my use, where, as I passed the night on board, nobody slept: it had never been taken out of the packing-case, which was eighteen inches square, and the whole was of considerable weight ; a sentinel had been posted the wbole night within five yards of the tent door, and none of the other instruments were missing. We at first suspected that it might have been stolen by some of our own people, who leeing a deal box, and not knowing the contents, might think it contained nails, or some other subjects of traffic with the natives. A large reward was therefore offered to any one who -could skid it, as, without this, we .could not perform the service for which our voyage was principally undertaken. Our search in the mean time was not confined to the tort and the places adjacent, but as the case might possibly have been carried back to the ship, if any of our people had been the thieves, the most diligent search was made for it on board; all the parties however returned without any news of the quadrant. Mr. Banks, therefore, who upon such occasions declined neither labour nor risk, and who had more influence over the Indians than any of us, determined to go in search of it into the woods; he hoped that if it had been stolen by the natives, he should find it wherever they opened the box, as they would immediately discover that to them it would be wholly useless : or, if in this case he should be difappointed, that he might recover it by the ascendency he



had acquired over the Chiefs. He set out, accompanied by a midshipman and Mr. Green, and as he was crossing the river he was met by Tubourai Tamaide, who immediately made the figure of a triangle with three bits of straw upon his hand. By this Mr. Banks knew that the Indians were the thieves ; and that although they had opened the case, they were not disposed to part with the contents. No time was therefore to be lost, and Mr. Banks made Tubourai Tamaide understand that he must instantly go with him to the place whither the quadrant had been carried ; he consented, and they set out together to the eastward, the Chief inquiring at every house which they passed aster the thief by name: the people readily told him which way he was gone, and how long it was since he had been there: the hope which this gave them that they should overtake him, supported them under their fatigue, and they pressed forward, sometimes walking, sometimes running, though the weather was intolerably hot; when they had climbed a hill at the distance of about four miles, their conductor shewed them a point full three miles farther, and gave them to understand that they were not to expect the instrument till they had got thither. Here they paused; they had no arms, except a pair of pistols, which Mr. Banks always carried in his pocket; they were going to a place that was at least seven miles distant from the fort, where the Indians might be less submissive than at home, and take from them what they had ventured their lives to get, and what, notwithstanding our conjectures, they appeared desirous to keep: these were discouragingcircumstances, and their situation would become more critical at every step. They determined, however, not to relinquish their enterprise, nor to without taking the best measures for their security that were in their power. It was therefore determined, that Mr. Banks and Mr. Green should go on, and that the Midshipman should return to me, and desire that I would send a party of men aster them, acquainting me at the same time, that it was impossible they should return till it was dark. Upon receiving this message I set out with such a party as I thought sufficient for the occasion; leaving, orders, both at the ship and at the sort, that no canoe should

be "be suffered to go out of the bay, but that none of the »769.

natives should be seized or detained. _ ^

In the mean time, Mr. Banks and Mr. Green pur- sued their journey, under the auspices of Tubourai Tamaide, and in the very spot which he had specified, they met one of his own people, with part of the quadrant in his hand. At this most welcome sight they stopped; and a great number of Indians immediately came up, some of whom pressing rather rudely upon them, Mr. Banks thought it necessary to shew one of "his pistols, the fight of which reduced them instantly to.order: as the crowd that gathered round them was every moment encreasing, he marked out a circle in the grass, and they ranged themselves on the outside of it, to the number of several hundreds, with great quietness and decorum. Into the middle of this circle the box, which was now arrived, was ordered to be brought, with several reading glasses, and other small matters, which in their hurry they had put into a pistol-case, that Mr. Banks knew to be his property, it having been some time before stolen from the tents, with a horse pistol in it, which he immediately demanded, and which was also restored.

Mr. Green was impatient to fee whether all that had been taken away was returned, and upon examining the box found the stand, and a few small thingsosless consequence, wanting; several persons went in search of these, and most of the small things were returned : but it was signified that the thief had not brought the stand so far, and that it would be delivered to our friends as they went back ; this being confirmed by Tubourai Tamaide, they prepared to return, as nothing would then be wanting but what might easily be supplied; and aster they had advanced about two miles, I met them with our party, to our mutual satisfaction, congratulating each other upon the recovery of the quadrant with a pleasure proportioned to the importance of the event.

About eight o'clock, Mr. Banks with Tubourai Tamaide got back to the fort; when, to his great furprize, hi found Tootahah in custody, and many of the natives in the utmost terror and distress, crowding about the gate. He went hastily in, some of the Indians




1769- were suffered to follow him, and the scene was extremely affecting. Tubourai Tamaide pressing forward, ran up to Tootahah, and catching him in his arms, they both burst into tears, and wept over each other, without being able to speak: the other Indians were also in tears for their Chief, both he and they being strongly possessed with the notion that he was to be put to death. In this situation they continued till I entered the fort, which was about a quarter of an hour asterwards. I was equally surprized and concerned at what had happened, the confining Tootahah being contrary to my orders, and therefore instantly set him at liberty. Upon enquiring into the affair, I was told, that my going into the woods with a party of men under arms, at a time when a robbery had been committed, which it was supposed I should resent, in proportion to our apparent injury by the loss, had so alarmed the natives, that in the evening they began to leave the neighbourhood of the fort with their effects: that a double canoe having been seen to put off from the bottom of the bay by Mr. Gore, the Second Lieutenant, who was left in command on board the ship, and who had received orders not to suffer any canoe to go out, he sent the Boatswain with a boat aster her to bring her back: that as soon as the boat came up, the Indians being alarmed, leaped into the sea; and that Tootahah, being unfortunately one of the number, the Boatswain took him up, and brought him to the ship, suffering the rest of the people to swim on shore: that Mr. Gore, not sufficiently attending to the order that none of the people should be confined, had sent him to the fort, and Mr. Hicks, the First Lieutenant, who commanded there, receiving him in charge from Gore, did not think himself at liberty to dismiss him.

The notion that we intended to put him to death had possessed him so strongly, that he could not be persuaded to the contrary till by my orders he was led out of the fort. The people received him as they would have done a father in the fame circumstances, and every one pressed forward to embrace him. Sudden joy is commonly literal, without a scrupulous regard to merit; and Tootahah, in the first expansion of his heart, upon being unexpectedly restored to liberty and life, insisted


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