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and that then we should go away. Whether I was understood I cannot certainly determine; but the people behaved with a deserence and respect that at once pleased and surprised us: theyfat down peaceably without the circle, and looked on, without giving us any interruption, till we had done, which was upwards of two hours. As we bad seen no poultry, and but two hogs, in our walk when we were last on shore at this place, we suspected that upon our arrival they had been driven farther up the country; and the rather, as Owhaw was very importunate with us, by signs, not to go into the woods, which, however, and partly for these reasons, we were determined to do. Having therefore appointed the thirteen marines and a petty officer to guard the tent, we set out, and a great number of the natives joined our party. As we were crossing a little river that lay in our way We faw some ducks, and Mr. Banks, assoonashehadgotover, fired at them, and happened to kill three at one shot:, this struck them 'with the utmost terror, so that most of them sell suddenly to the ground, as if they also had been shot at the fame discharge: it was not long, however, before they recovered from their fright,and we continued our route; but we had not gone far before we were alarmed by the report of two pieces, which were fired by the guard at the tent. We had then straggled a little distance from each other, but Owhaw immediately called Us together, and by waving his hand, sent away every Indian that followed us except three, cachofwhom, as a pledge of peace on their part, and an intreaty that there might be peace on ours, hastily broke a branch from the trees, and came to us with it in their hands. As we had too much reason to sear that some mischief had happened, we hasted back to the tent, which was not distant above half a mile, and when we came up, we found it entirely deserted, except by our own people.
It appeared, that one of the Indians who remained about the tent after we left it, had watched his opportunity, and taking the centinel unawares, had snatched away his musquet. Upon this, the petty officer, a midshipman, who commanded the party, perhaps from*a sudden sear of farther violence, perhaps from the natural petulance of power newly acquired, and perhaps
'769- from a brutality in his nature, ordered the marines to
, fire: the men, with as little consideration or humanity as the officer, immediately discharged their pieces among the thickest of the flying crowd, consisting of more than a hundred; and observing that the thief did not fall, pursued him, and shot him dead. We afterwards learned, that none of the others were either killed or wounded.
Owhaw, who had never left us, observing that we were now totally deserted, got together a sew of those who had fled, though not without some difficulty, and ranged them about us: we endeavoured to justify our people as well as we could, and to convince the Indians, that if they did no wrong to us, we should do no wrong to them: they went away without any appearance of distrust or resentment; and having struck our tent, we returned to the ship, but by no means fatisfied with the tranfactions of the day.
Upon questioning our people more particularly, whose conduct they socn perceived we could not approve, they alledged that the centinel whose musquet was taken away, was violently assaulted and thrown down, and that a push was afterwards made at him by the man who took the musquet, before any command was given to fire. It was also suggested, that Owhaw had suspicions, at least, if not certain knowledge, that something would be attempted against our people at the tent, which made him so very earnest in his endeavours to prevent our leaving it ; others imputed his importunity to his desire that we should confine ourselves to the beach: and it was remarked that neither Owhaw, nor the Chiess who remained with us after he had sent the rest of the people away, would have inferred the breach of peace from the firing at the tent, if they had had no reason to suspect that some injury had been offered by their countrymen; especially as Mr. Banks had just fired at the ducks: and yet that they did inser a breach of peace from that incident, as was manisest from their waving their hands for the people to disperse, and instantly pulling green branches from the trees. But what were the real circumstances of this unhappy affair, and whether either, and which of these conjectures were Jrue, can never certainly be known.
The next morning but few of the natives were seen »7G9upon the beach, and not one of them came off to the pn' ship. This convinced us that our endeavours to quiet Sunday 16. their apprehensions had not been effectual; and we remarked with particular regret, that we were deserted even by Owliaw, who had hitherto been so constant in his attachment, and so active in renewing the peace that had been broken.
Appearances being thus unfavourable, I warped the ship nearer to the shore, andmooredher in/uch amanner as to command all the N. E. part of the bay, particularly the place which I had marked out for the building a fort. In the evening, however, I went on shore with only a boat's crew, and some of the Gentlemen: the natives gathered about us, but not in the fame number as before; there were I believe between thirty and forty, and they trafficked with us for cocoa-nuts and other fruit, to all appearance as friendly as ever.
On'the 17th, early in the morning, we had the misfortune to lose Mr. Buchan, the person whom Mr. Monday »TBanks had brought out as a painter of landscapes and figures. He was a sober, diligent, and ingenious young man, and greatly regretted by Mr. Banks; who hoped, by his means, to have gratified his friends in England with representations of this country and its inhabitants, which no other person on board could delineate with the same accuracy and elegance. He had always been subject to epileptic fits, one of which seized him on the mountains of Terra del Fuego, and this disorder being aggravated by a bilious complaint which he contracted on board the ship, at length put an end to his life. It was at first proposed to bury him on shore ; but Mr. Banks thinking that it might perhaps give offence to the natives, with whose customs we were then wholly unacquainted, we committed his body to the sea, with as much decency' and solemnity as our circumstances and situation would admit.
In the forenoon of this day we received a visit from Tubourai Tamaide and Tootahah, our Chiefs from the West .they brought with them, as emblems of peace, not branches of plantain, but two young trees, and would not venture on board till thefe had been received,
JJ6?' having probably been alarmed by the mischief which . f"' , had been done at the tent. Each of them also brought, as propitiatory gifts, some bread-fruit, and a hog ready dressed: this was a most acceptable present, as we perceived that hogs were not always to be got; and in return we gave to each of our noble benefactors a hatchet and a nail. In the evening we went on shore and set up a tent, in which Mr. Green and myself spent the night, in order to observe an eclipse ot the first fatellite of Jupiter ; but the weather becoming cloudy, we were disappointed. Tues 18. ^n l^e *8thi at day-break, I went on more, with as many people as could possibly be spared from the ship, and began to erect our fort. While some were employed in throwing up intrenchments, others were busy in cutting pickets and fascines, which the natives, who soon gathered round us as they had been used to do, were lo far from hindering, that many of them voluntarily assisted us, bringing the pickets and fascines from the wood where they had been cut, with great alacrity : we had indeed been so scrupulous of invading their property, that we purchased every stake which was used upon this occasion, and cut down no tree till we had first obtained their consent. The soil where we constructed our sort was fandy, and this made it necessary to strengthen the intrenchments with wood; three sides were to be fortified in this manner; the fourth was bounded by a river, upon the banks of which 1 proposed to place a proper number of water-casks . This day we served pork to the ship's company for the first time, and the Indians brought down so much bread-fruit and cocoa-nuts, that we found it necessary to send away part of them unbought, and to acquaint them, by signs, that we should want no more for two days to come. Every thing was purchased this day with beads: a single bead, as big .as a pea, being the purchase of five or six cocoa-nuts, .and as many of the bread-fruit. Mr. Banks's tent was got up before night within the works, and he slept on shore for the first time. Proper centries were placed round it, but no Indian attempted to approach it the whole night. Wedn. 19. Tj'e next morning, our friend Tubourai Tamaide made Mr. Banks a visit at the tent, and brought with
him him not only his wife and family, but the roof of a y6?: house and several materials for setting it up, with furniture and implements of various kinds, intending, as we understood him, to take up his residence in our neighbourhood: this instance of his confidence and good-will gave us great pleasure, and we determined to strengthen his attachment to us by every means in our power. Soon aster his arrival, he took Mr. Banks by the hand, and leading him out of the line, signified that he should accompany him into the woods. Mr. Banks readily consented, and having walked with him about a quarter of a mile, they arrived at a kind of awning which he had already set up, and which seemed to be his occasional habitation. Here he unfolded a bundle of his country cloth, and taking out two garments, one of red cloth, and the other of very neat matting, he clothed Mr. Banks in them, and without any other ceremony, immediately conductedhim back to the tent. His attendants soon aster brought him some pork and bread-fruit, which he eat, dipping his meat into salt-water instead of sauce: aster his meal he retired to Mr. Banks's bed, and slept about an hour. In the asternoon, his wife Tomio brought to the tent a young man, about two and twenty years of age, of a very comely appearance, whom they both seemed to acknowledge as their son, tho' we asterwards discovered that he was not so. In the evening, this young man and another Chief, who had also paid us a visit, went away to the westward, but Tubourai Tamaide and his wife returned to the awning in the skirts of the wood.
Our Surgeon, Mr. Monkhouse, having walked out this evening, reported, that he had seen the body of the man who had been shot at the tents, which he said was wrapped in cloth, and placed on a kind of bier, supported by stakes, under a roof that seemed to have been set up for the purpose: that near it were deposited some instruments of war, and other things, which he would particularly have examined, but for the stench of the body, which was intolerable. He said, that he saw also two more sheds of the fame kind, in one of which were the bones of a human body that had lain till they were quite dry. We discovered asterwards, that this was the way in which they usually disposed of their dead.