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1969. April.

· During this visit a wife of our noble host, whose name was Tomio, did Mr. Banks the honour to place herself upon the same matt, close by him Tomio was not in the first bloom of her youth, nor did she appear to have been ever remarkable for her beauty : he did not therefore, I believe, pay her the most flattering attention : it happened too, as a farther mora tification to this lady, that seeing a very pretty girl among the crowd, he, not adverting to the dignity of his companion, beckoned her to come to him: the girl, after some intreaty, complied, and sat down on the other side of him; he loaded her with beads, and every showy trifle that would please her: his Princess, though she was somewhat mortified at the preference that was given to her rival, did not discontinue her civilities, but still assiduously supplied him with the milk of the cocoa-nut, and such other dainries as were in her reach. This scene might possibly haye become more curious and interesting, if it had not been suddenly interrupted by an interlude of a more serious kind. Just at this time, Dr. Solander and Mr. Monkhouse complained that their pockets had been picked. Dr. Solander had lost on opera glass in a shagreen case, and Mr. Monkhouse his snuffbox. This incident unfortunately put an end to the good-humour of the company. Complaint of the injury was made to the Chief ; and, to give it weight, Mr. Banks started up, and hastily struck the but-end of his firelock upon the ground: this a&ion, and the noise that accompanied it, struck the whole assembly with a panick, and every one of the natives ran out of the house with the utmost precipitation, except the Chief, three women, and two or three others, who appeared by their dress to be of a superior rank.

The Chief, with a mixture of confusion and concern, took Mr. Banks by the hand, and led him to a large quantity of cloth, which lay at the other end of the house : this he offered to him piece by piece, intimating by signs, that if that would atone for the wrong which had been done, he might take any part of it, or, if he pleased, the whole. Mr. Banks put it by, and gave him to understand, that he wanted nothing but what had been dishonestly taken away:

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Tubourai Tamaide then went hastily out, leaving 1769.

April. Mr. Banks with his wife Tomio, who during the whole scene of terror and confusion had kept constantly at his side, and intimating his desire that he should wait there till his return. Mr. Banks accordingly sat down, and conversed with her, as well as he could by signs, about half an hour. The chief then came back with the snuff-box and the case of the opera-glass in his hand, and, with a joy in his countenance that was painted with a strength of expression which distinguishes these people from all others, delivered them to the owners. The case of the opera-glass, however, upon being opened, was found to be empty; upon this discovery, his countenance changed in a moment, and, catching Mr. Banks again by the hand, he rushed out of the house, without uttering any sound, and led him along the shore, walking with great rapidity : when they had got about a mile from the house, a woman met him and gave him a piece of cloth, which he hastily took from her, and continued to press forward with it in his hand. Dr. Solander and Mr. Monkhouse had followed them, and they came at length to a house where they were received by a woman, to whom he gave the cloth, and intimated to the gentlemen that they should give her some beads. They immediately complied ; and the beads and cloth being deposited upon the floor, the woman went out, and in about half an hour returned with the opera glass, expressing the same joy upon the occasion that had before been expressed by the Chief. The beads were now returned, with an inflexible resolution not to accept them; and the cloth was, with the same pertinacity, forced upon Dr. Solander, as a recompence for the injury that had been done him. He could not avoid accepting the cloth, but insisted in his turn upon giving a new present of beads to the woman. It will not perhaps be easy to account for all the steps that were taken in the recovery of this glass and snuffbox; but this cannot be thought strange, considering that the scene of action was among a people whose language, policy and connections are even now but imperfe&ly known; upon the whole, however, they thew an intelligence and influence which would do honour to

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3769; any system of government, however regular and im-,

proved. In the evening, about six o'clock, we returned to the ship.

April.

CH A P. IX.

A Place fixed upor for an Observatory and Fort: an Excurfion into the Woods, and its Consequences. The Fort erected : a Vifit from several Chiefs on board and at the Fort, with some Account of the Music of the Natives, and the Manner in which they dispose of their

dead. Saturd. 15. N the next morning, Saturday the 15th, several

of the Chiefs whom we had seen the day before, came on board, and brought with them hogs, bread.. fruit, and other refreshments, for which we gave them hatchets and linen, and such things as seemed to be most acceptable.

As in my excurfion to the westward, I had not found any more convenient harbour than that in which we lay, I determined to go on shore and fix upon some spot, commanded by the ship's guns, where I might throw up a small fort for our defence, and prepare for making our astronomical observation.

I therefore took a party of men, and landed, without delay, accompanied by Mr. Banks, Dr. Solander, and the astronomer, Mr. Green. We foon fixed upon a part of the sandy beach, on the N. E. point of the bay, which was in every respect convenient for our purpose, and not near any habitation of the natives. Haying marked out the ground that we intended to occupy, a small tent belonging to Mr. Banks was set up, which had been brought on shore for that purpose : by this time a great number of the people had gathered about us ; but, as it appeared, only to look on, there not being a single weapon of any kind among them. I intimated, however, that none of them were to come within the line I had drawn, except one who appeared to be a Chief, and Owhaw. To these two persons I addressed myself by figns, and endeavoured to make them understand that we wanted the ground which we had marked out to sleep upon for a certain number of nights,

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and that then we should go away. Whether I was understood I cannot certainly determine; but the people behaved with a deference and respect that at once pleased and surprised us : they sat down peaceably without the circle, and looked on, without giving us any interruption, till we had done, which was upwards of two hours. As we had seen no poultry, and but two hogs, in our walk when we were last on shore at this place, we suspected that upon our arrival they had been driven farther up the country; and the rather, as Owhaw was very importunate with us, by signs, not to go into the woods, which, liowever, and partly for these reasons, we were determined to do. Having therefore appointed the thirteen marines and a petty officer to guard the tent, we set out, and a great number of the natives joined our party. As we were crossing a little river that lay in our way we saw some ducks, and Mr. Banks, as soon as he had got over, fired at them, and happened to kill three at one shot: this struck them with the utmost terror, so that most of them fell suddenly to the ground, as if they also had been shot at the same discharge : it was not long, however, before they recovered from their fright and we continued our route; but we had not gone far before we were alarmed by the report of two pieces, which were fired by the guard at the tent. We had then straggled a little distance from each other, but Owhaw immediately called us together, and by waving his hand, sent away every Indian that followed us except three, each of whom, as a pledge of peace on their part, and an intreaty that there might be peace on ours, hastily broke a branch from the trees, and came to us with it in their hands. As we had too much reason to fear that some mischief had happened, we hasted back to the tent, which was not distant above half a mile, and when we came up, we found it entirely deserted, except by our own people.

It appeared, that one of the Indians who remained about the tent after we left it, had watched his opportunity, and taking the centinel unawares, had snatched away his musquet. Upon this, the petty officer, a mid: Thipman, who commanded the party, perhaps from sudden fear of farther violence, perhaps from the natural petulance of power newly acquired, and perhaps

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1769. Aprií.

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from a brutality in his nature, ordered the marines to fire: the men, with as little consideration or humanity as the officer, immediately discharged their pieces among the thickest of the flying crowd, consisting of more than a hundred ; and observing that the thief did not fall, pursued him, and shot him dead. We afterwards learned, that none of the others were either killed or wounded.

Owhaw, who had never left us, observing that we were now totally deserted, got together a few of those who had fied, though not without some difficulty, and ranged them about us : we endeavoured to justify our people as well as we could, and to convince the Indians, that if they did no wrong to us, we should do no wrong to them : they went away without any appearance of distrust or resentment; and having struck our tent, we returned to the ship, but by no means satisfied with the transactions of the day.

Upon questioning our people more particularly, whose condu&t they soon perceived wecould not approve, they alledged that the centinel whose musquet was taken away, was violently assaulted and thrown down, and that a push was afterwards made at him by the man who took the musquet, before any command was given to fire. It was also suggested, that Owhaw had suspi cions, at least, if not certain knowledge, that something would be attempted against our people at the tent, which made him so very earnest in his endeavours to prevent our leaving it ; others imputed his importunity to his desire that we should confine ourselves to the beach : and it was remarked that neither Owhaw, nor the Chiefs who remained with us after he had sent the rest of the people away, would have inferred the breach of peace from the firing at the tent, if they had had no reason to suspect that some injury had been offered by their countrymen ; especially as Mr. Banks had just fired at the ducks: and yet that they did infer a breach of peace from that incident, as was manifest from their waving their hands for the people to disperse, and instantly pulling green branches from the trees. But what were the real circumstances of this unhappy affair, and whether either, and which of these conje&tures were frue, can never certainly be known.

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