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were the habitations of the people, most of them being only a roof without walls, and the whole scene realized the poetical fables of Arcadia. We remarked however, not without some regret, that in all our walk we had seen only two hogs, and not a single fowl. Those of our company who had been here with the Dolphin told us, that one of the people, whom we had yet seen were of the first class; they suspected that the chiess had removed, and upon carrying us to the place where what they called the Queen's palace had stood, we found that no traces of it were left. We determined therefore to return in the morning, and endeavour to find out the Nobleffe in their retreats. FniJay 14. In the morning, however, before we could leave the ship, several canoes came about us, most of them from the westward, and two of them were filled with people, who by their dress and deportment appeared to be of a superior rank: two of these came on board, and each singled out his friend; one of them, whose name we found to be Matahah, fixed upon Mr. Banks, and the other upon me: this ceremony consisted in taking off great part of their clothes and putting them upon us. In return for this, we presented each of them with a hatchet and some beads. Soon after they made signs for us to go with them to the places where they lived, pointing to the S. W. and as I was desirous of finding a more commodious harbour, and making farther trial of the disposition of the people, I consented.
I ordered out two boats, and with Mr. Banks and Dr. Solander, the other gentlemen, and our two Indian friends, we embarked for our expedition. After rowing about a league, they made signs that we should go on shore, and gave us to understand that this was the place of their residence. We accordingly landed, among several hundreds of the natives, who conducted us into a house of much greater length than any we had seen. When we entered, we faw a middle-aged man, whose name we afterwards discovered to be Tootahah; mats were immediately spread, and we were desired to sit down over-against him. Soon after we were seated, he ordered a cock
and and hen to be brought out, which he presented to Mr. *7(?Banks and me; we accepted the present, and in a .Ap^1short time each of us received a piece of cloth, perfumed after their manner, by no means disagreeably, which they took great pains to make us remark. The piece presented to Mr. Banks was eleven yards long and two wide; in return for which he gave a laced silk neckcloth, which he happened to have on, and a linen pocket handkerchief: Tootahah immediately dressed himself in this new finery, with an air of perfect complacency and satisfaction. But it is now time that I should take some notice of the ladies.
Soon aster the interchanging of our presents with Tootahah, they attended us to feveral large houses, in which we walked about with great freedom ; they (hewed us all the civility of which, in our situation, we could accept: and, on their part, seemed to have no scruple that would have prevented its being carried farther. The houses which, as I have observed before, are all open, except a roof, afforded no place of rer tirement; but the ladies, by frequently pointing to the mats upon the ground, and sometimes seating themselves and drawing us down upon them, left us no room ro doubt of their being much less jealous of observation than we were.
We now took leave of our friendly Chief, and directed our course along the shore ; when we had walked about a mile, we met, at the head of a great number of people, another Chief, whose name was Tubourai Tamaide, with whom we were also to ratify a treaty of peace, with the ceremony of which we were now become better acquainted. Having received the branch which he presented to us, and given another in return, we laid our hands upon our left breasts, and pronounced the word Tata, which we supposed to signify friend ; the Chief then gave us to understand, that if we chose to eat, he had victuals ready for us. We accepted his offer, and dined very heartily upon fish, bread-fruit, cocoa-nuts and plantains, dressed aster their manner; they eat some of their fistt raw, and raw fish was offered to us, but we declined that part of the entertainment.
Vol. I. F f During
*7f9' During this visit a wise of our noble host, whose ,^"1^ name was Tomio, did Mr. Banks the honour to place herself upon the fame matt, close by him Tomio was not in the first bloom of her youth, nor did she appear to have been ever remarkable for her beauty: he did not therefore, I believe, pay her the most slattering attention: it happened too, as a farther mortification to this lady, that seeing a very pretty girl among the crowd, he, not adverting to the dignity of his companion, beckoned her to come to him: the girl, after some intreaty, complied, and fat down on the other side of himi he loaded her with beads, and every lhpwy trisle that would please her: his Princess, though she was somewhat mortified at the preserence that was given to her rival, did not discontinue her civilities, but still assiduoufly supplied him with the milk of the cocoa-nut, and such other dainties as were in her reach. This scene might possibly have become more curious and interesting, if it had not been suddenly interrupted by an interlude of a more serious kind. Just at this time, Dr. Solander and Mr. Monkhouse complained that their pockets had been picked. Dr. Solander had lost on opera glass in a shagreen case, and Mr. Monkhouse his snuffbox. This incident unfortunately put an end to the good-humour of the company. Complaint of the injury was made to the Chief; and, to give it weight, Mr. Banks started up, and hastily struck the but-end of his firelock upon the ground: this action, and the noise that accompanied it, struck the whole assembly with a panick, and every one of the natives ran out of the house with the utmost precipitation, except the Chief, three women, and two or three others, who appeared by their dress to be of a superior rank.
The Chief, with a mixture of consusion and concern, took Mr. Banks by the hand, and led him to a large quantity of cloth, which lay at the other end of the house: this he offered to him piece by piece, intimating by signs, that if that would atone for the wrong which had been done, he might take any part of it, or, if he pleased, the whole. Mr. Banks put it by, and gave him to understand, that he wanted nothing but what had been dishonestly taken away:
Tubourai Tamaide then went [hastily out, leaving Mr. Banks with his wise Tomio, who during the whole scene of terror and consusion had kept constantly at his side, and intimating his desire that he should wait there till his return. Mr. Banks accordingly fat down, and conversed with her, as well as he could by signs, about half an hour. The chief then came back with the snuff-box and the case of the opera-glass in his hand, and, with a joy in his countenance that was painted with a strength of expression which distinguishes these people from all others, delivered them to the owners. The case of the opera-glass, however, upon being opened, was found to be empty; upon this discovery, his countenance changed in a moment, and, catching Mr. Banks again by the hand, he rushed out of the house, without uttering any sound, and led him along the shore, walking with great rapidity: when they had got about a mile from the house, a woman met him and gave him a piece of cloth, which he hastily took from her, and continued to press forward with it in his hand. Dr. Solander and Mr. Monkhouse had followed them, and they came at length to a house where they were received by a woman, to whom he gave the cloth, and intimated to the gentlemen that they should give her some beads. They immediately complied; and the beads and cloth being deposited upon the floor, the woman went out, and in about half an hour returned with the opera glass, expressing the fame joy upon the occasion that had before been expressed by the Chief. The beads were now returned, with an inflexible resolution not to accept them; and the cloth was, with the fame pertinacity, forced upon Dr. Solander, as a recompence for the injury that had been done him. He could not avoid accepting the cloth, but insisted in his turn upon giving anew present of beads to the woman. It will not perhaps be easy to account for all the steps that were taken in the recovery ot this glass and snuffbox; but this cannot be thought strange, considering that the scene of action was among a people whose language, policy and connections are even now but impersectly known; upon the whole, however, they shew an intelligence and influence which would do honour to F f 2 any
1769. any system of government, however regular and imi^.^ proved. In the evening, about six o'clock, we returned to the ship.
A Place fixed upon for an Observatory and Fort: an Excursion into the Woods, and its Consequences. Ihe Fort er eel ed: a Visit from several Chiefs on board and at the Fort, with some Account of the Music os the Natives, and the Manner in which they dispose of their dead.
Satutd. 1 j. /-v^ the next morning, Saturday the 15th, several \J of the Chiess whom we had seen the day before, came on board, and brought with them hogs, breadfruit, and other refreshments, for which we gave them hatchets and linen, and such things as seemed to be most acceptable.
As in my excursion to the westward, I hadnotfound any more convenient harbour than that in which we by, I determined to go on shore and six upon some spot, commanded by the ship's guns, where I might throw up a small fort for ourdesence, and prepare for making our astronomical observation.
I therefore took a party of men, and landed, without delay, accompanied by Mr. Banks, Dr. Solander, and the astronomer, Mr. Green. We soon fixed upon a part of the fandy beach, on the N. E- point of the bay, which was in every respect convenient for our purpose, and not near any habitation of the natives. Having marked out the ground that we intended to occupy, a small tent belonging to Mr. Banks was set up, which had been brought on shore for that purpose: by this time a great number of the people had gathered about us; but, as it appeared, only to look on, there not being a single weapon of any kind among them. I intimated, however, that none of them were to come within the line I had drawn, except one who appeared to be a Chief, and Owhaw. To these two personsl addressed myself by signs, and endeavoured to make them understand that we wanted the ground which we had marked out to steep upon fora certain number of nights,