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Sunday 7

particulars from the account printed by M. Bougainville, I shall not pretend to determine how much of it is true; but I was then very sorry that the Lieutenant had not communicated to me the intelligence he received, such as it was, before my guest left me, and I was now very desirous to speak with him again, but this was impossible; for though the French ship was foul from a long voyage, and we had just been cleaned, she shot by us as if we had been at anchor, not-withstanding we had a fine fresh gale, and all our sails set.

On the 7th of March, we made the Western Islands, and went between Saint Michael and Tercera; in this situation we found the variation 130 36' W. and the winds began to blow from the S. W. The gale as we got farther to the westward. increased, and on the TWsd. 11. i Ith, having got to W. N. W. it blew very hard, with a great sea; we scudded before it with the foresail only, the foot rope of which suddenly breaking, the sail blew all to pieces, before we could get the yard down, though it was done instantly. This obliged us to bring the ship to, but having, with all possible expedition, bent a new foresail, and got the yard up, we bore away again; this was the last accident that happened to us during the voyage. On the 16th, being in latitude 490 15' N we got soundings. On the 18th I knew by the depth of Water that we were in the Channel, but the wind being to the northward, we could not make land till the next day, when we saw the Start Point ; and on the 20th, to our great joy, we anchored at Spithead, aster a very fine passage, and a fair wind all the way from the Cape of Good Hope.

Tuesd. 16 Thurs. 18.

Friday 19.

Satnrd. 20.


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BY LIEUTENANT JAMES COOK, Commander of his Maiesty's Bark the Endeavour.

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VOYAGE round the WORLD.


C H A P. I.

The Passage from Plymouth to Madeira, with some
Account of that Island.

HAVING received my commission, which was i768.
dated the 2 5 th of May, 1768, I wenton board MaV*
on the 27th, hoisted the pennant, and t0°k FridT""^''
charge of the ship, which then lay in the bason in
Deptford Yard. She was fitted for sea with all expe-
dition; and stores and provisions being taken on board,
failed down the river on the 30th of July, and on the Saturate.
13th of August anchored in Plymouth Sound. August.

While we lay here waiting for a wind, the articles Satur"'3' Of war and the act of parliament were read to the ship's company, who were paid two months wages in advance, and told that they were to expect no additional pay for the performance of the voyage.

On Friday the 26th of August, the wind becoming Ftlday *6fair, we got under fail, and put to sea- On the 31st, e n" 3' we faw several of the birds which the failors call Mother Cary's Chickens, and which they suppose to be




Thors. 1.

Friday 1;
Monday 5.

the forerunners of a stgrm; and on the next day we had a very hard gale, which brought us under our courses, washed over-board a small boat belonging to the Boatswain, and drowned three or four dozen of our poultry, which we regretted still more.

On Friday the 2d of September we saw land between Cape Finister and Gape Ortegal, on the coast of Gallicia, in Spain; and the 5th, by an observation of the sun and moon, we found the latitude of Cape Finister to be 420 53'North, and its longitude 80 46' West, our first meridian being always supposed to pass through Greenwich; variation of the needle 210 4' West,

During this course, Mr. Banks and Dr. Solander had an opportunity of observing many marine animals, of which no naturalist has hitherto taken notice; particularly, a new species of the Onifcus, which was found adhering to the Medusa Pelagica; and an animal of an angular figure, about three inches long and one thick, with a hollow pasting quite through it, and a brown spot on one end, which they conjectured might be its stomach; four of these adhered together by their sides when they were taken, so that at first they were thought to be one animal, but upon being put into a glass of water they soon separated, and swam about very briskly. These animals are of a new genus, to which Mr. Banks and Dr. Solander gave the name of Dcgysa, from the likeness of one species of them to a gem: several specimens of them were taken adhering together, sometimes to the length of a yard or more, and shining in the water with very beautiful colours. Another animal of a new genus they also discovered, which shone in the water with colours still more beautiful and vivid, and which indeed exceeded in variety ar.d brightness any thing that we had ever seen: the colouring, and splendour of these animals were equal to those of an Opal, and from their resemblance to that gem, the genus was called Carcinium Opalinum.- One of these, lived several hours in a glass of salt water, swimming about with great'agility, and at every motion displaying a change of colours almost infinitely various. We caught also among the rigging cf the ship, when we were at the distance of about ten leagues


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