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extremely pleasant, so that I began to think myself al- »769' ready in Europe. We found the inhabitants open.._ ""L. '_. hospitable and polite, there being scarcely a gentleman in the place, either in a public or private station, from which I did not receive some civilly; and I should very ill deserve the favours they bestowed, ii I did not particularly mention the First and Second Governor, and the Fiscal.

The recovery of my people made it necessary to continue here till the 6th of January 1769; in the Wednes. 6. evening of this day I fet sail, and before it was dark cleared the land.

On the 20th, aster a fine and pleasant passage, we Wednes. 20. made the Island of St. Helena; and set sail again on Sund. 24. the morning of the 24th. At midnight on the 30 th,Satur' 3°; we made the north-east part of the Island of Ascension, and brought to till day-light, when we ran in close to it. I fent a boat out to discovered the anchoring-place which is called Cross-hill Bay, while we kept running along the north-east and north fide of the island, till we came to tbe-north-west extremity of it, and in the afternoon anchored in the bay we sought. The way to find this place at once, is to bring the largest and most conspicuous hill upon the island to bear S. E. when the ship is in this position, the bay will be open, right in the middle between two other hills, the westermost of which is casled Cross-hill, and gives name to the bay. Upon this hill there is a slag-staff, which if a ship brings to bear $< S. E.. £ E. orS. E. by E. and runs in, keeping it so till she is in ten fathoms water, she will be in the best part of the Bay. In our run along the northeast side of the island, I observed several other small sandy bays, in some of which my boat found good anchorage, and saw plenty of turtle, though they are not soconvenient as this, where we had plenty of turtle 400. The beach here is a fine white sand ; the landing-place is at some rocks, which lie about the middle of the Bay, and may be known by a ladder of ropes which hangs from the top to mount them by. In the evening I landed a few men to turn the turtle that should come on shore during the night, and in the morning I found that they had thus secured no less than eighteen, from four hundred to six hundred weight each, and


17*9. these were as many as we could well stow on the deck. jT^yj As there are no inhabitants, upon this island, it is a custom for the ships that touch at it to leave a letter in a bottle, with their names and destination, the date, and a few other particulars. We complied with this custom, and in the evening of Monday the ist of February, we weighed anchor and set fail. Friday 19. On Friday the 19th we discovered a ship at a considerable distance to leeward in the south-west quarter, which hoisted French colours; she continued in sight Monday 1. all day, and the next morning we perceived that she had greatly outsailed us during the night; she made a tack however in order to get farther to windward, and as it is not usual for ships to turn to windward in these parts, it was evidentthat she had tacked in order to speak with us. By noon she was near enough to hail us, and to my great surprise, made use both of my name and that of the ship, enquiring aster my health, and telling me that aster the return of the Dolphin to Europe, if was believed we had suffered shipwreck in the Streight of Magellan, and that two ships had been sent out in quest of us. I asked, in my turn, who it was that was so well acquainted with me and my ship, and with the opinions that had been formed of us in Europe aster the return of our companion, and how this knowledge had been acquired. I was answered, that the (hip which hailed us was' In the service of the French East India Company, commanded by M.Bougainville; that she was returning to England from the Isle of France; that what was thought of the Swallow in England, had been learnt frorri the French Gazette at the Cape of Good Hope ; and that we were known to be that vessel by the letter which had been found in the bottle at the Island of Ascension a few days after we had left that place. An offer was then made of supplying me with refreshments, if I wanted any, and I was asked if I had any letters to fend to France. I returned thanks for the offer of refreshments, which however w,ts a mere verbal civility, as it was known, that i had lately sailed from the places where M. Bougainville himself had been supplied: but I said that I had received letters for France from some gentlemen of that country at the Cape, and if he would fend his boat ^ on

on board they should be delivered to his messenger. i769Thus was an occasion surnished for what I have reason 'ruary: to believe was the principal object: of M. Bongainville in speaking with us: a boat was immediately sent on board, and in her a young officer, drest in a waistcoat and trowsers; whether he was thus dressed by design I shall not determine, but I soon perceived that his rank was much superior to his appearance. He came down to me in my cabbin, and after the usual compliments had passed, I asked him how he came to go home so soon in the season? To which he replied, that there had been some difagreement between the Governor and inhabitants of the Isle of France, and that he had been sent home in haste with dispatches: this story was the more plausible, as 1 had heard of the dispute between the Governor and inhabitants of the Iste of France, from a French Gentleman, who came from thence, at the Cape of Good Hope; yet I was not persectly fatisfied: for, supposing.M. Bougainville to have been sent in haste to Europe with dispatches, I could not account for his losing the time which it cost him to speak with me; I therefore observed to this Gentleman, that although he had accounted for his coming before the usual time from the Isle of France, he had not accounted for his coming at an unusual time from India, which must have been the case. To this, however, he readily replied, that they had made only a short trading voyage on the western coast of Sumatra. I then enquired, what commodities he had brought from thence; and he answered, cocoa-nut oil, and rattans : but, faid I, these are commodities which it is not usual to bring into Europe; it is true, faid he, but these commodities we left at the Isle of France, the oil for the use of the island, and the rattans for ships which were to touch therein their way to China, and in exchange we took in another freight for Europe; this freight I think he faid was pepper, and his whole tale being at least possible, I asked him no more questions. He then told me, he had heard at the Cape, that J had been with Commodore Byron at Falkland's Island's; and, faid he, I was on board the French ship that met you in the Streight of Magellan ; which must have been true, for he mentioned several incidents that



»769- it was otherwise highly improbable he should know, |2«J2j particularly the store-ship's running a-ground, and many of the difficulties that occurred in that part of the. Streight which we passed together: by this conversation he contrived to introduce feveral enquiries, concerning the western part of the Streight, the timesit cost me to get through, and the difficulties of thenavigation; but perceiving that I declined giving any account of these particulars, he changed his subject. He said, he had heard that we lost an officer and some men in an engagement with the Indians; and taking notice that my ship was small, and a bad sailer, he insinuated that we must have suffered great hardship in - so long a voyage; but, said he, it is thought to be saser and pleasanter sailing in the South Sea than any where else, As I perceived that he waited for a reply, I said, that the great ocean, called the South Sea, extended almost from one pole to the other; and therefore, although that part of it which lay between the Tropics might justly be called the Pacific, on account of the trade-winds that blow there all the year; yet without the Tropics, on either fide, the winds were variable, and the seas turbulent. In all this he readily acquiesced, and finding that he could not draw from me any thing to satisfy his curiosity, by starting leading subjects of conversation, he began to propose his questions in direct terms, and desired to know on which side the equator I had crossed the South Seas. As I did not think proper to answer this question, and wished to prevent others of the fame kind, I rose up somewhat abruptly, and I believe with some marks of displeasure: at this he seemed to be a little disconcerted, and I believe was about to make an apology for his curiosity, but I prevented him, by desiring that he would make my compliments to his Captain, and in return for his obliging civilities present him with one os the arrows that had wounded my men, which I immediately went into my bed-room to fetch: he followed me, looking about him with great curiosity, as indeed he had done from the time ot his first coming onboard, and having received the arrow, he took his leave.

After he was gone, and we had made fail, I went upop the deck, where my Lieutenant asked me, if my'


visitor had entertained me with an account of his voy- TJ£%jL age. This led me to tell him the general purport of <_.-v-,_] our conversation; upon which he assured me that the tale I had heard was a fiction, for, fays he, the boat's crew could not keep their secret so well as their officer, but aster a little conversation told one of our people, who was born at Quebec, and spoke French, that they had been round the globe as well as we. This naturally excited a general curiosity, and with a very little difficulty we learnt that they had sailed from Europe in company with another ship, which, wanting some repair, had been left at the isle of France; that they had attempted to pass the Streight of Magellan the first summer, but not being able, had gone back, and wintered in the river de la Plata; that the summer asterwards {hey had been more successful, and having passed the Streight, spent two months at the island of Juan Fernandes. My Lieutenant told me also, that a boy in the French boat said, he had been upon that island two years, and that, while he was there an English frigate put into the road, but did not anchor, mentioning the time as well as he could recollect, by which it appeared that the frigate he had seen was the Swallow. On the boy's being asked how he came to be so long vpon the island of Juan Fernandes, he said that he had been taken upon the Spanish coast in the West Indies in a smuggling party, and sent thither by the Spaniards; but that by the French ship, in whose boat he came on board us, having touched there, he had regained his liberty. After having received this information from my Lieutenant, I could easily account for M. Bougainville's having made a tack to speak to me, and for the conversation and behaviour of my visitor; but I was now more displeased at the questions he had asked me than before; for if it was improper for him to communicate an account of his voyage tcfme, it was equally improper for me to communicate an account of my voyage to him; and I thought an artful attempt to draw me into a breach of my obligation to secrecy, while he imposed upon me by a fiction that he might not violate his own, was neither liberal nor just. As what the boat's crew told my people, differs in several


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