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1768. May.

eserved might be the letter te molt folen


charging him, in conjunction with the king of Bony, with a design to cut us off: that the letter was altogether false, exculpating himself with the most folemn protestations, and requiring the letter to be delivered up, that the writer might be brought to such punishment as he deserved. It is scarcely necessary to say that I did not deliver up the letter, becaufe the writer would certainly have been punished with equal severity whether it was true or falfe ; but I returned the Governor a polite answer, in which I justified the measures I had taken, without imputing any evil design to him or his allies; andindeed there is the greatest reason to believe, that there was not fufficient ground for the charge contained in the letter, though it is not equally probable that the writter believed it to be false.

At day-break, on Sunday the 22d of May, we sailed from this place, of which, and of the town of Macalsar, and the adjacent country,I shall say but little, there being many accounts of the ifland of Celebes and its inhabitants already extant. The town is built upon a kind of point or neck of land, and is watered by a river or two which either run through, or very near it. It seems to be large, and there is water for a ship to come within half cannon fhot of the walls: the country about it is level, and has a most beautiful appearance ; it abounds with plantations, and groves of cocoa.nut trees, with a great number of houses interfperfed, by which it appears to abound with people. At a distance inland, the country rises into hills of a great height, and becomes rude and mountainous. The town lies in latitude 50 ro' or 5° 12' S. and longitude by account 117° 28' E of London.

Bonthain is a large bay, where ships may lie in pers fect security during both the monsoons: the soundings are good and regular, and the bottom soft mud ; nor is there any danger in coming in,but a ledge of rocks which are above water, and are a good mark for anchoring. The highest land in fight here is called Bonthain hill, and when a fip is in the offing at the distance of two or three miles from the land, she should bring this still north, or N. 1 W. and then run in with it and anchor. We lay right under it, at the distance of about a mile from the shore. In this bay there are several small


5768. May.

towns; that which is called Bonthain lies in the north-
east part of the bay, and here is the small pallisadoed
fort that has been mentioned already, on which there
are mounted eight guns that carry a ball of about eight
pounds weight : it is just fufficient to keep the country
people in subjection, and is intended for no other pur-
pose : it lies on the south side of a small river, and there
is water for a ship to come close to it. The Dutch
Resident has the command of the place, and of Bullo-
comba, another town which lies about twenty miles
farther to the eastward, where there is such another
fort, and a few soldiers, who at the proper season are
employed in gathering the rice, which the people pay
as a tax to the Dutch.

Wood and water are to be procured here in great
plenty ; 'we cut our wood near the river, under Bonthain
hill : our water was procured partly from that river,
and partly from another ; when from the other, our
boat went above the fort with the casks that were to be
filled, where there is a good rolling way ; but as the
river is small, and has a bar, the boat, after it is loaded,
can come out only at high water. There are several
other small rivers in the bay, from which water may
be got upon occasion.

We procured plenty of fresh provisions all the while we lay here at a reasonable rate; the beef is excellent ; but it would be difficult to procure enough of it for a squadron. Rice may be had in any quantity, so may fowls and fruit : there are also abundance of wild hogs in the woods, which may be purchased at a low price, as the natives, being Mahometans, never eat them. Fish may be caught with the seine, and the natives, at times, supplied us with turtle, for this, like pork, is a dainty which they never touch.

Celebes is the key of the Molucca, or spice islands, which, whoever is in posseffion of it, muft necessarily command: most of the ships that are bound to them, or to Banda, touch here, and always go between this island and that of Solayer. The bullocks here are the breed that have the bunch on the back, besides which the island produces horses, buffaloes, goats, sheep, and deers. The arrack and sugar that are consumed here are brought from Batavia.


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The latitude of Bonthain hill is 5° 30' S. longitude by account 1170 53' E. The variation of the compass while we were here was 1° 16' W. The tides are very irregular ; commonly it is but once high water and once low water in four and twenty hours, and there is seldom six feet difference between them.


Passage from Bonthain Bay, in the Island of Celebes, to

Batavia. Transa&tions there, and the Voyage round the Cape of Good Hope to England.

THEN we left Bonthain Bay, we kept along the

fhore, at the distance of two or three miles, till evening, and then anchored for the night, in the passage between the two islands of Celebes and Toni

kaky, in seven fathoms and an half, with a bottom of Mond. 23.

soft mud. T'he next morning, we got again under fail,
and took our departure from Tonikaky, which, accord-
ing to my account, lies in latitude 5° 31' S. longitude
1170 17' E. the variation here was so W. We went ,
to the southward of Tonikaky, and stood to the west-
ward. About three o'clock in the afternoon, we were
a-breast of the eastermost of the islands which in the
Dutch charts are called Tonyn's Islands. This island
bore. from us about N. by W. at the distance of four
miles, and the two westermost were in sight. These
three islands make a kind of right angle triangle with
each other : the distance between the eastermost and
westermost is about eleven miles, and their relative
bearings are very nearly east and west. The distance
between the two westermost is nearly the fame, and
they bear to each other S. by E. and N. by W. About
six o'clock, having just sounded, and got no ground, we
suddenly found ourselves upon a shoal, with not three
fathoms, and the water being smooth and clear, we
could see great crags of coral rocks under our bottom :
we immediately threw all the sails a-back, and happily
got off without damage : we had just passed over
The eastermoft edge of it, which is as steep as a wall,
for we had not gone back two cables length before we
were out of foundings again. At this time we had the


two westermost of the Tonen Ilands in one, bearing 1768. N. by W. at the distance of somewhat more than four miles from the nearest. This is a very dangerous thoul, and is not laid down in any chart that I have seen : it seemed to extend ittelt to the southward and wettward, all round the two weitermott of these three iflard», for near six miles, but about the eaitermoit illand there seemed to be no darger ; there was a'lo a clear paffaze between this island and the other two. The la:itude of the eastermott and u ettermoit of these iflard; is so 31S. The eattermoit is diftant thirts-fcu: miles due weit from Tonikaty, and the veile:moci lies ten miles farther.

In the afternoon of the 235 weicund the water Weise 25. much discoloured, upon which se cunced, ard had five and thirty fathoms, with soft mud. Soon after we went over the northermost part of a ihoal, and h doo more than ten fathoms, with lot mud. In this place, where we found the water shallowest, it was very foul ; it seemed to be still ihallower to the southward, but to the northward of us it appeared to be clear. We had no observation this day, by which I could ascertain the latitude, but I believe this to be the northermost part of the shoals that lie to the eaitward of the island Madura, and in the Englith Fast India Pilot are called Bralleron's Shoals, the fame which in the Dutch charts are called Kalcain's Eylandens. By my reckoning, the part that we went over lies in 50 go'or 5°52' S. and 30 36' to the westward of the island Tonikaky, or S. 840 27' W.distant fixty-nine leagues. At eleven o'clock the same night, we saw, to the nor:hward of us, the southermost of the islands Salombo. I make its latitude to be ;° 33' S. and its long. west of Tonikaky 4° 4', at the distance of about eighty-two or eighty-three leagues. It bears from the last thoal N. W. by W. W. at the distance of about fourteen leagues. It is to be remarked, that hereabout, off the itland Madura, the winds of the monsoons are commonly a month later in settling than at Celebes. The variation here was not more than half a degree west, and we found the current, which

W Thurf. 26. before set to the southward, now setting to the N. W.

In the alternoon of the 26th we saw from the mast. head the island of Luback, and had soundings from thirty-five to forty fathoms, u bottom of bluish


1768. clay. The latitude of this island is 5° 43' S. and its May.

longitnde 5° 36' west of Tonikaky, from which it is diftant about one hundred and twelve leagues. Its distance west from the islands of Salombo, is thirty-one leagues : we went to the northward of this island, and found a current setting to the W. N. W.

In the evening of Sunday the 29th we saw the clusSunday 29.

'ter of small islands called Carimon-Java. The latitude of the eastermost, which is also the largest, is 5° 48' S. and its longitude, west of Tonikaky, 70 52'. From this island it is distant about one hundred and fifty-eight

leagues, and forty-five leagues from Luback. June. On Thursday the 2d of June, we hauled in and Thurs. 2. made the land of Java, which proved to be that part

of the island which makes the eastermost point of the bay of Batavia, called Carawawang Point. When we first got sight of the land, we had gradually decreased our soundings from forty to twenty-eight fathoms, with a bottom of bluish mud. As we steered along the shore for Batavia, we decreased them gradually, ftill farther, to thirteen fathoms, the depth in which, night coming on, we anchored near the two small islands

called Leyden and Alkmar, in fight of Batavia ; and Friday 3. in the afternoon of the next day, we anchored in the

Road, which is so good that it may well be considered as an harbour. We had now great reason to congratulate ourselves upon our situation, for during the whole of our passage from Celebes, the ship admitted so much water by her leaks, that it was all we could do to keep her from sinking, with two pumps constantly going.

We found here eleven large Dutch ships, besides se

veral that were less, one Spanish ship, a Portuguese Saturd. 4. snow, and several Chinese junks. The next morning

we saluted the town with eleven guns, and the same number was returned As this was the birth-day of his Britannic Majesty, our sovereign, we afterwards fired one and twenty guns more upon that occasion. We found the variation here to be less than half a degree to the westward.

In the afternoon I waited upon the Governor, and acquainted him with the condition of the fhip, desiring liberty to repair her defects. To which he replied, that I mult petition the Council.


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