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1768. whether either our intelligence or conjectures were true or false, we immediately went to work; we rigged the ship, bent the sails, unmoored, got springs upon our cables, loaded all our guns, and barricadoed the deck. At night every body slept under arms, and the Wednes. 30. next day we warped the vessel farther off from the bottom of the bay, towards the eastern shore, that we might have more room, fixed four swivel guns on the fore part of the quarter-deck, and took every other measure that appeared to be necessary for our defence.

The Resident, Mr. Swellingrabel, was at this time absent twenty miles up the country upon the Company's business, but had told me, that he should certainly return on the 1st of April, a day which I now expected with great impatience, especially as an old drunken Serjeant was the most respectable person at the fort. In the evening of the 31st, a packet of letters for him arrived here from Macassar, which I considered as a good omen, and a pledge of his return at the time appointed ; bat I conceived very different sentiments when I learnt that they were sent to him. I did not suspect that he was privy to any such design as had been intimated to me by the letter; but I could not help doubting, whether he was not kept in the country that he might be out of the way when it should be executed. In this state of anxiety and suspence I sent a message to the fort, desiring that an express might be dispatched to him, to acquaint him that I wished to see him immediately upon business of great importance, which would admit of no delay. Whether my message was forwarded to him or not, I cannot tell ; but havApril. ing waited till the 4th of April, without having seen Monday 4- him or received any answer, I wrote him a letter, requesting to speak with him, in the most pressing terms, Tyesd. 5. and the next day he came on board. A few minutes convinced me that he was wholly a stranger to any such design as I had been made to apprehend; and he was clearly of opinion that no such design had been formed. He said, indeed, that one Tomilaly, a counsellor or minister of the King of Bony, had lately paid him a .visit, and had not well accounted for his being in this part of the country ; and, at my request, he very readily undertook to make farther enquiries con- '768. cerning him and his people. The Resident and his t-J^i attendants took notice that the ship was put into a state of desence, and that every thing was ready for immediate action; and he told us, -that the people on shore had acquainted him, before he came on board, with our vigilance and activity, and in particular, with our having exercised the ship's company at small arms every day. I informed him, that we should, at all events,;

continue upon our guard, which he seemed to approve, and we parted with mutual protestations of friendship and good faith. After a sew days he sent me word, that having made a very strict inquiry, whether any other persons belonging to the King oi Bony had teen at Bonthain, he had been credibly informed, that one of the Princes of that kingdom had been there in disguise; but that of the eight hundred men who were faid in my intelligence to be with him, he could find no traces ; so that, except they too, like the troops of the King of Brentford, were an army in disguise, I knew that no such people-could be in that country.

On the 16th, in the morning, the Resident sentmeSatur. 16. word, that M. LeCerf was returned from Macassar with an other -officer, and that they would -come ori board and dine with me. When dinner was over, I asked Le Cerf, among other converfation, while we were taking our wine, what was become of his expedition to Bally? To which he answered drily, that it was laid aside, without faying any thing more upon the subject. On the 23d he returned to Macassar by sea, and the other officer who was also an ensign, remained to take the command of the soldiers that were still left at this place.

The season now approached in which navigation to the westward would be again practicable, which gave us all great pleasure; especially as putrid diseases had begun to make their appearance among us, and a putrid sever had carried offone of our people.

On the 7th of May the Resident gave me a l°ngSiTM'y' letter fromthe Governor of Macassar, which was written in Dutch, and of which he gave me the best interpretation he was able. The general purport of it was, that he had heard* a letter had been sent to me


1768, charging him, in conjunction with the king of Bony, . _*.' 1 with a design to cut us off: that the letter was altogether false, exculpating himself with the most solemn protestations, and requiring the letter to be delivered up, that the writer might be brought to such punishment as'he deserved. It is scarcely necessary to say that I did not deliver up the letter, because the writer would certainly have been punished with equal severity whether it was true or false; but I returned the Governor a polite answer, in which I justified the measures I,had taken, without imputing any evil design to him or his allies; and indeed there is the greatest reason to believe, that there was not sufficient ground for the charge contained in the letter, though it is not equally probable that the writter believed it to be false. Sund. %%. ^t day-break, on Sunday the 22d of May, we sailed from this place, of which, and of the town of Macassar, and the adjacent country,I shall say but little, there being many accounts of the island of Celebes and its inhabitants already extant. The town is built upon a kind of point or neck of land, and is watered by a river or two which either run through, or very near it. It seems to be large, and there is water for a ship to come -within half cannon shot of the walls: the country about it is level, and has a most beautiful appearance; it abounds with plantations, and grovesof cocoa-nut trees, with a great number of houses interspersed, by which it appears to abound with people. At a distance inland, the country rises into hills of a great height, and becomes rude and mountainous. The town lies in latitude 50 10' or 5°-12/ S. and longitude by account 1170 28' E of London.

Bonthain is a large bay, where ships may lie in perfect security during both the monsoons: the soundings are good and regular, and the bottom soft njud ; nor is there any danger in coming in.but a ledge of rocks which are above water, and are a good mark for anchoring. The highest land in sight here is called Bonthain hill, and when a ship is in the offing at the distance of two or three miles from the land, she should bring this still north, or N. £ W. and then run in with it and anchor. We lay right under it, at the distance of about a mile from the shore. In this bay there are several small

towns I towns; that which is called Bonthain lies in the north- '768 1768- The latitude of Bonthain hill is 50 30' S. longitude

east part of the bay, and here is the small pallifadoed fort that has been mentioned already, on which there are mounted eight guns that carry a ball of about eight pounds weight : it isjust sufficient to keep the country people in subjection, and is intended for no other purpose : it lies on the south side ofa small river, and there is water for a ship to come close to it. The Dutch Resident has the command of the place, and of Bullocomba, another town which lies about twenty miles farther to the eastward, where there is such another fort, and a sew soldiers, who at the proper season are employed in gathering the rice, which the people pay as a tax to the Dutch.

Wood and water are to be procured here in great plenty ;'we cut our wood near the river, under Bonthain hill: our water was procured partly from that river, and partly from another; when from the other, our boat went above the fort with the casks that were to be filled, where there is a good rolling way; but as the river is small, and has a bar, the boat, after it is loaded, can come out only at high water. There are several other small rivers in the bay, from which water may be got upon occasion.

We procured plenty of fresh provisions all the while we lay here ata reasonable rate; the beef is excellent; but it would be difficult to procure enough of it for a squadron. Rice may be had in any quantity, so may fowls and fruit: there are also abundance of wild hogs in the woods, which may be purchased at a low price, as the natives, being Mahometans, never eat them. Fish may be caught with the seine, and the natives, at times, supplied us with turtle, for this, like pork, is a dainty which they never touch.

Celebes is the key of the Molucca, or spice islands, which, whoever is in possession of it, must necessarily command: most of the ships that are bound to them, or to Banda, touch here, and always go between this island and that of Solayer. The bullocks here are the breed that have the bunch on the back, besides which the island produces horses, buffaloes, goats, sheep, and deers. The arrack and sugar that are consumed here are brought from Bafavia.


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May" by account 1170 53' E. The variation of the compass while we were here was i° 16' W. The tides are very irregular; commonly it is- but once high water and once low water in four and twenty hours, and there is seldom six feet difference between them.


Passage from Bonthain Bay, in the Island of Celebes, to Batavia. Transactions there, and the Voyage round the Cape of Good Hope to England.


'HEN we left Bonthain Bay, we kept along the shore, at the distance of two or three miles, till evening, and then anchored for the night, in the passage between the two islands of Celebes and Tonikaky, in seven fathoms and an half, with a bottom of Mond. n kft mud. The next morning, we got again under fail, and took our departure from Tonikaky, which, according to my account, lies in latitude 50 31' S. longitude 11 7° 1 7' E. the variation here was 1° W. We went to the southward of Tonikaky, and stood to the westward. About three o'clock in the asternoon, we were a-brcast of the eastermost of the islands which in the Dutch charts are called Tonyn's Islands. This island bore from us about N. by W. at the distance of four miles, and the two westermost were in sight. These three islands make a kind of right angle triangle with each other: the distance between the eastermost and westermost is about eleven miles, and their relative bearings are very nearly east and west. The distance between the two westermost is nearly the fame, and they bear to each other S. by E. and N. by W. About six o'clock, having just sounded, and got no ground,we suddenly found ourselves upon a shoal, with not three fathoms, and the water being smooth and clear, we could see great crags of coral rocks under our bottom: we immediately threw all the fails a-back, and happily got off without damage: we had just passed over the eastermost edge of it, which is as steep as a wall, for we had not gone back two cables length before we weie out of soundings again. At this time we had the


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