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1765. fame, he conceived a strong notion that something January.

was buried there ; when he came on board, he related what he had remarked to me, and I went myself to the spot, with a small party, furnished with spades and pickaxes, and saw the spot opened to a considerable depth, but we found nothing, nor did there appear to be any hollow or vault as was expected. As we were returning through the woods, we found two very large skulls, which, by the teeth, appeared to have belonged to some beasts of prey, but of what kind we

could not guess. Friday 4.

Having continued here till Friday the 4th of January, and completed the wood and water of both ships, for which purpose I had entered the Streight, I determined to steer back again in search of Falkland's Islands.

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The Course back from Port Famine to Falkland's Islands,

with some Account of the Country.

Saturday 50


E weighed anchor at four o'clock in the morn

ing, and worked to windward out of the harbour: the wind continued contrary at N. N. E. till about one o'clock the next day, when it shifted to W. S. W. and blew a fresh gale. We steered N. W. by N. four leagues, and then three leagues north, between Elizabeth and Bartholomew islands: we then steered from the islands N. by E. three leagues, to the second Narrow; and steered through N. E. į E. continuing the same course from the second Narrow to the first, which was a run of eight leagues. As the wind still continued to blow fresh, we steered through the first Narrow against the food, in the direction of N. N. E. but about ten o'clock at night, the wind dying away, the food set us back again into the entrance of the first Narrow, where we were obliged to anchor, in forty fathom, within two cables length of the shore. The tide flows here, at the full and change of the moon, about two o'clock, and runs full fix knots an hour.

At one o'clock the next morning, we weighed, with a light northerly breeze; and about three, we passed


the first Narrow a second time. Having now seen the 1765. .

January: Thip safe through, and being quite exhausted with fatigue, as I had been upon the deck all the preceding day, and all night, I went into my cabin to get some reit. I lay down, and soon fell asleep; but in less than half an hour, I was awakened by the beating of the ship upon a bank: I instantly started up, and ran upon the deck, where I foon found that we had grounded upon a hard sand. It was happy for us, that at this time it was stark calm; and I immediately ordered out the boats to carry an anchor a-stern, where the water was deepest : the anchor took the ground, but before we could work the capstern, in order to heave the ship off to it, she went off, by the mere rising of the tide. It happened fortunately to be just low water when she went a-ground, and there was fifteen feet forward, and six fathom a very little way a-stern. The Master told me, that at the last cast of the lead, before we were a-ground, he had thirteen fathom ; so that the water shoaled at once no less than sixty-three feet.

This bank, which has not been mentioned by any novigator who has passed the Streight, is extremely dangerous ; especially as it lies directly in the fair way between Cape Virgin Mary and the first Narrow, and just in the middle between the south and north shores. It is more than two leagues long, and full as broad ; in many places also it is very steep. When we were upon it, Point Possession bore N. E. diftant three leagues; and the entrance of the Narrow S. W. distant two leagues. I afterwards saw many parts of it dry, and the sea breaking very high over other parts of it, where the water was shallow. A ship that should ground upon this shoal in a gale of wind, would probably be very soon beaten to pieces.

About six o'clock in the morning, we anchored in fifteen fathom, the shoal bearing N. N. W. Į W. at the distance of about half a mile. At noon, we weighed with a light breeze at N. E. and worked with the ebb tide till two, but finding the water shoal, we anchored again in fix fathom and an half, at about the distance of half a mile from the south side of the Thoal. The Affes Ears then bearing N. W. by W. distant four leagues, and the south point of the entrance of che first Narrow W. S. W. diftant about VOL. I.


1765. three leagues. At this time the opening of the Nar. Crow was shut in, and upon sending out the boats

to sound, they discovered a channel between the fhoal and the south shore of the Streight. The Tamarin the mean time, as she was endeavouring to come near us, was very near going on shore, having once got into three fathom, but foon after came to an anchor in the channel between the shoal and the north shore.

The next morning, about eight o'clock, we weighed, with little wind at W. S. W. and steered about half a mile S. E. by E. when, having deepened our water to thirteen fathom, we steered between the E, and E. N. E. along the south side of the shoal, at the distance of about seven miles from the south shore, keeping two boats at some distance, one on each bow, to sound. The depth of water was very irregular, varying continually between nine and fifteen fathom ; and upon hauling nearer to the shoal, we had very soon no more than seven fathom: the boats went over a bank, upon which they had fix fathom and an half; it being then low water, but within the bank they had thirteen fa-. thom.' At noon, we were to the eastward of the shoal, and as we hauled over to the north shore, we soon deepened our water to twenty fa:hom. Point Possefsion at this time bore N. N. W. diftant between four and five leagues, the Asses Ears W.N. W. distant fix leagues, and Cape Virgin Mary N. E. Į E. distant about seven leagues. From this situation we steered N. E. by E. for the south end of the spit which runs to the southward of the Cape, and had no soundings with five and twenty fathom. At four in the afternoon, Cape Virgin

Mary bore N. E. and the south end of the spit N. E. Tuesd. 8. by E distant three leagues. At eight the next morning.

the Cape bore N. by W. diftant two leagues. Ourlatitude was 510 50', and our soundings were eleven and twelve fathom. We now brought to for the Tamar, who had come through the north channel, and was some leagues a-stern of us, and while we were waiting for her coming up, the officer of the watch informed me that the head of the main-maft was sprung: I'immediately went up to look at it myself, and found it split almost in a strait line perpendicularly for a confi


for ude 680 44'

w. distant cong gales at ninety-nine

derable length, but I could not discover exa@ly how ,1765:

January: far the fissure went, for the cheeks that were upon the mast. We imagined this to have happened in the very hard gale that had overtaken us some time before; but as it was of more importance to contrive how to repair the damage than to discover how it happened, we immediately put on a strong fish, and woolded it so well, that we had reason to hope the mast would be as serviceable as ever. Cape Virgin Mary now bore S. 62 W. diftant twenty-one leagues, and our latitude was 510 50'S. longitude 69° 56' W. the variation 200 E.

On the oth having failed S. 67 E. our latitude was were 52° 8' S. our longitude 68° 31' W. and Cape Virgin Mary bore S. 83 W. diftant thirty-three leagues.

On the roth, there having been little wind for the Thurf. 10. last twenty-four hours, between the north and east, with thick foggy weather, our course was N. 18 W. for thirty-nine miles. Our latitude was 510 31' S. lon. gitude 68° 44' W. variation 20° E. and Cape Virgin Mary bore S. 60 W. diftant thirty-three leagues.

On the rith, we had strong gales at S. W. with Friday a great fea : our course was N. 87 E. for ninety-nine miles. Our latitude was 51° 24' S. longitude 660 10' W. Cape Virgin Mary bore S. 730 8' W. distant sixtyfive leagues, and Cape Fairweather W. 2 S. distant feventy leagues : the variation was now 190 E. About feven in the evening, I thought I saw land a-head of ús, but the Tamar being some leagues a.stern, I wore ship, and made an easy fait off : the next morning, at Saar: 126 break of day, I stood in again, the wind having shifted in the night to N. W. and about four o'clock, I recovered sight of the land a-head, which had the appearance of three islands ; I imagined they might be the islands of Sebald de Wert, but intended to stand between them; I found that the land which had appeared to be separated, was joined by some very low ground, which formed a deep bay. As soon as I had made this discovery, I tacked and stood out again, and at the same time faw land a great way to the south-, ward, which I made no doubt was the same that is mentioned in the charts by the name of the New Islands. As I was hauling out of this bay, I saw a long, low Thoal of rocks, stretching out for more than a league to D 2


1765: the north ward of us, and another of the same kind January:

lying between that and what we had taken for the northermost of De Wert's islands. This land, except the low part, which is not seen till it is approached near, consists of high, craggy, barren rocks, which in appearance very much resemble Staten Land. When I had got so near as to discover the low land, I was quite embayed, and if it had blown hard at S. W. fo great a sea must have rolled in here as would have rendered it almost impossible to claw off the shore ; all ships, therefore, that may hereafter navigate these parts, should avoid falling in with it. The seals and birds here are innumerable; we saw also many whales spouting about us, several of which were of an enormous fize. Our latitude now was 51° 27' S. longitude 63° 54' W. the

variation was 23° 30' E. In the evening we brought to, Sund. 136 and at day-break the next morning, stood in for the

north part of the island by the coast of which we had
been embayed : when we had got about four miles to
the eastward, it fell calm, and rained with great vio.
lence, during which there arose such a swell as I never
remember to have seer : It came from the westward,
and ran so quick and so high, that I expected every
moment it would break : it set us very fast towards
the shore, which is as dangerous as any in the world,
and I could see the surge breaking at some distance from
it, mountains high : happily for us a fresh gale sprung
up at south east, with which, to our great joy, we
were able to stand off : and it behoves whoever shall
afterwards come this way, to give the north part of
this island a good birth. After I had got to some dis-
tance, the weather being thick, and it raining very
hard, I brought to. Our latitude was now 510 S. and

longitude 63° 22' W. Monday 14. On Monday the 14th, the weather having cleared

up, and the wind shifted to the S. S. W. we steered along the shore S. E. by E. four miles, and saw a low flat illand full of high tufts of grass resembling bushes, bearing south, at the distance of two or three leagues, the northermost land at the same time bearing west, distant about six leagues: we had here thirty-eight fathom, with rocky ground. We continued our course along the shore six leagues farther, and then saw a low


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