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impossible to estimate its distance, for what appear then to be small hillocks, just emerging from the water, in comparison of the mountains that are seen over them, swell into high hills as they are approached, and the distance is found to be thrice as much as it was imagined; perhaps this will account for the land here being so ill laid down, and in situations so very different as it appears to be in all Out English charts. We found here a strong current setting to the southward along the shore, as the land trended. The high land that is to the north of Saint Augustina, becomes gradually lower towards the Cape, a low slat point in which it terminates, and off which, at a very little distance, lie two large rocks. Its latitude is 6° 15' N. and the longitude by account 1270 20' E.
From this cape the land trends away W. and W. by S. for fix or seven leagues, and then turns up to the N. W. making a very deep bay, the bottom of which, as we crossed it from Saint Augustina, to the high land on the other side, which is not less than twelve leagues, we could not fee. The coast on the farther side of it, coming up from the bottom, trends first to the S. and S. S. W. and then to the S. W. by W. towards the south extremity of the island. . : .
Off this southern extremity, which Dampier calls the south-east by mistake, the south-east being Saint Augustina, at the distance of five,six,and seven leagues, lie ten or twelve islands, though Dampier fays there are only two, and that together they are about five leagues round. The islands that I saw could not be contained in a circuit of less than 1 5 leagues, and from the number of boats that I saw among them I imagine they arc well inhabited. The largest of these lies to the S. W. of the others, and makes in a remarkable peak, so that it is first seen in coming in with the land, and is indeed visible at a very great distance. Its latitude I make 50 24' N. and its longitude by account 126° 37' E. This island which I called Hummock Island, bears from Saint Augustina S. 40 W. at the distance of between twenty and two and twenty leagues: and from the fame Cape, the southermost part of the island Mindanao bears S. W. £ W. at the distance of between twenty-one and twenty-three leagues. This southermost extremity consists of three or four points, which bear 1767-' . east and west of each other for about seven miles. °v-em '-'. They lie in latitude 50 34' N. longitude 120"°' 25' E. <~"v*"*"' according to my account. The variation here was one point east. CHAP. IX. . i.
I passed between these islands and the main,' and' found the passage good, the- current setting to-the westward. Dampier has placed his Bay arid SaVannah four kagues' Ni W. from the eastefmost island, and there I fought it, as indeed I did on all the S. E. part of the island till we came to the little creek which ran up to the town. -):~<t
All the southern part of Mindanao is extrefnelty' pleasant, with many spot* where the woods-trad KeeW1 cleared for plantations, and fine lawns'of a'b'ea1ufirrrf' verdure: this part also is well inhabited•,- a^ welrr;'4%:t1i'4s neighbouring islands. Of- the town I-caWgrve:no0ac*; count, as the weather was so thick that'I c6'u!d WtW fee-'-' it; neither could I sufficiently distinguish the! land'ter set off the points, at whieh^l was not a little mortified;:; When I came to open the land to the westward of the southermost point, I'fonnd it- trend from that point' W. N. W. and N. W. by W. forming first a-point at the distance of about seven or eight leagues,- 'smtEOfeti a very deep bay'running so far into the N.' and Tf. E-. that I could' not fee the bottom of it. The'westermpÆ point of this bay is low, but she land soon rises agarny and runs along to the N. W. by W. which seems to be the direction of this coast, from the southermost point of the island towards the city of Mindanao.
To the westward of this deep bay, the land is all slat, and in comparison of the other parts of the.island, but thinly wooded. Over this slat appears a peak of stupendous height, which rises in the clduds like a tower. Between the entrance of this bay and'fche south point of the island there is another very high hill, the top of which has the funnel shape of a volcano, but I did not perceive that it emitted either fire or smoke. It is possible that this deep bay is that which Dampier mentions, and that it is misplaced by an error of the press; for, if instead of saying it bore N. W. four leagues from the eajiermoji of the islands, he had said it bore N. W. fourteen leagues from the westermost of the Y 2 islands,
7^ Passage from Mindanao to the Island of Celebes, with a particular Account of the Streight of'Macassar', in which many Errors are correSiad.
AFTER leaving Mindanao, I stood to the west- l767ward tor the passage between the islands os Bor-, ovtm f'. neo and Celebes, called the Streight of Macassar, and made it on Saturday the fourteenth. I observed, that Saturday 14. during the whole of this run we had a strong north westerly current; but that while we were nearer to Mindanao than Celebes, it ran rather towards the north than the west ; and that when we came nearer to Celebes than we were to Mindanao, it ran rather towards the west than the north. The land of Celebes on the north end runs along to the entrance of the passage, is very lofty, and seems to trend away about VV. by S. to a remarkable point in the pasfage, which makes in a hummock, and which at first we took for an island. I believe it to be the fame which in the French charts is called Stroomen Point, but 1 gave it the name of Hummock Point. Its latitude, according to my account, is i° 20' N. longitude 121° 3$* E. and it is a good mark for those to know the passage that fall in with the land coming from the eastward, who, if possible, should always make this fide of the passage. From Hummock Point the land trends more away to the southward, about S. W. by W. and to the southward of it there is a deep bay, sull of island; and rocks, which appeared to me to be very dangerous. just off the point there are two rocks, which, though they are above water, cannot be seen from a ship till she is close to the land. To the eastward of this point, <Aok to the shore, are two islands, one of them very fiat, long and even, and the other swelling into a hill: both these islands, as well as the adjacent country, are well covered with trees: I stood close in a little to tire eastward of them, and had no ground with an hundred fathoms, within half a mile of the shore, which seemed to be rocky. A little to the westward of :hese islands, we faw no less than sixty boats, which
»7fi7- were fishing on some shoals that lie between them and ^^LTj Hummock Point. '1 his part of the shore appeared to be foul, and I think should not be approached without great caution. In this place I found the currents various and uncertain, sometimes setting to the southward, and sometimes to the northward, and sometimes there v/as no current at all; the weather also was very unsettled, ; and so was the wind ; .it blew, however, chiesly to the south and south west quarter, but we had sometimes sudden and violent gusts, and tornadoes from the N. W. .> <- 'i • with thunder, lightning, and rain: these generally lasted about an hour, when they were succeeded by a dead calm, and the wind would asterwards spring up fresh from the S. W. or S. S. W. which was right against us, and blow strong. From these appearances I conjectured that the shifting season had commenced, and that the west monsoon would soon set in. The ship sailed so ill that we made very little way; we frequently sounded in this passage, but could get no ground, ^atufday2i. Qn the 2ist of November, as we were standing towards Borneo, we made two small islands, which I } judged to be the fame that in the French chart are called Taba Islands; they are very small, and covered with-trees. By my account they lie in latitude i° 44.' -N. longitude 70 32' W. of the south end of Mindanao, andare distant from Hummock, or Stroomen Point, about fifty-eight leagues. The weather was now hazy, but happening suddenly to clear up, we saw a shoal with breakers, at the distance of about five or six miles, from the south to the north-west. Off the north end of this shoal we saw four hummocks close together, which we took for small islands, and seven more from the S. \ W. to the W. \ S. whether these are really islands, or some hills on the island of Borneo, I could not determine. This shoal is certainly very dangerous, but may be avoided by going to the westward of Taba Islands, where the passage is clear and broad. In the French chart of Monsieur d'Apres de Mandevillette, published in 1745, two shoals are laid down, to the eastward, and a little to the north ofthese islands; one pf theni is called Vanloorif, and the other, on which are placed two islands, Harigs; but thefe shoals and islands have certainly no existence, as I turned through