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I shall now give a more particular account of our , 1767.

November. navigating the sea that washes the coasts of this island,

om the rather as Dampier's description is in several particulars erroneous.

Having seen the north-east part of the island on the 26th of October, without certainly knowing whether it was Mindanao or Saint John's, we got nearer to it the next day, and made what we knew to be Saint Au. gustina, the south eastermost part of the island, which rises in little hummocks, that run down to a low point at the water's edge ; it bears N. 40 E. at the distance of two and twenty leagues from a little island, which is diftinguished from the other islands that lie off the southermost point of Mindanao by a hill or hummock, and which for that reason I called HUMMOCK ISLAND. All this land is very high, one ridge of mountains rising behind another, so that at a great distance it appears not like one island but several. After our first discovery of the island, we kept turning along the east side from the northward to Cape Saint Augustina, nearly S. by W. { W. and N. by E. { E. for about twenty leagues. The wind was to the southward along the shore, and as we approached the land, we stood in for an opening which had the appearance of a good bay, where we intended to anchor ; but we found that it was too deep for our purpose, and that some shoals rendered the entrance of it dangerous. To this bay, which lies about eight or ten leagues N. by E. from Cape Saint Augustina, the south-east extremity of the island, I gave the name of DISAPPOINTMENT BAY. When we were in the offing standing in for this Bay, we observed a large hummock, which had the appearance of an island, but which I believe to be a peninsula, joined by a low isthmus to the main ; this hummock formed the northermost part of the entrance, and another high bluff point opposite to it formed the southern most part ; between these two points are the shoals that have been mentioned; and several small islands, only one of which can be seen till they are approached very near. On this part of the coast we saw no ligns of inhabitants ; the land is of a stupendous height, with mountains piled upon mountains till the summits are hidden in the clouds: in the offing therefore it is almost VOL. I.



one of the hills as they are as much as ind

1767. impossie to estimate its distance, for what appear

then to be small biljaks, just emerging from the water, in comparison of the mountains that are seen over them, swell into high hills as they are approached, and the distance is found to be thrice as much as it was imagined ; perhaps this will account for the land here being so ill laid down, and in situations so very different as it appears to be in all our English charts. We found here a strong current setting to the southward along the fhore, as the land trended. The high land that is to the north of Saint Augustina, becomes gradually lower towards the Cape, a low flat point in which it terminates, and off which, at a very little distance, lie two large rocks. Its latitude is 6° 15' N. and the longitude by account 127° 20' E.

From this cape the land trends away. W.and W. by S. for six or seven leagues, and then turns up to the N. W. making a very deep bay, the bottom of which, as we crossed it from Saint Augustina, to the high land on the other side, which is not less than twelve leagues, we could not fee. The coast on the farther side of it, coming up from the bottom, trends first to the S. and S. S. W. and then to the S. W. by W. towards the south extremity of the ifland.' · Off this southern extremity, which Dampier calls the south-east by mistake, the south-east being Saint Augustina, at the distance of five, fix,and seven leagues, lie ten or twelve islands, though Dampier says there are only two, and that together they are about five leagues round. The islands that I saw could not be contained in a circuit of less than 15 leagues, and from the number of boats that I saw among them I imagine they are well inhabited. The largest of these lies to the S. W. of the others, and makes in a remarkable peak, fo that it is first seen in coming in with the land, and is indeed visible at a very great distance, Its latitude I make

5° 24' N. and its longitude by account 126° 37' E. Hummock This island which I called HUMMOCK ISLAND,

bears from Saint Augustina S. 40 W. at the distance of between twenty and two and twenty leagues: and from the same Cape, the southermost part of the island Mindanao bears S. W. W. at the distance of between twenty-one and twenty-three leagues. This fouthermoff



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extremity consists of three or four points, which bear 1767. east and 'west of each other for about seven miles. N

November, They lie in latitude 5° 34' N. longitude 126° 25' E.' according to my account. The variation here was one' point east...

?!'! .. " ... 01. I passed between these islands and the main;' and found the passage good, the current setting to the westward. Dampier has placed his Bay and Savannah four leagues N: W. from the eastermost island, and there I fought it, as indeed I did on all the S. E. part of the ifland till we came to the little creek which ran" up to the town.. rond 2.

"SE All the southern part of Mindanao is extremely pleasant, with many spots where the woods had been cleared for plantations, and fine lawns of a beautiful! verdure: this part also is well inhabited, as well as the neighbouring islands. Of the town I can give no acus count, as the weather was fo thick that I could not lees it; neither could I sufficiently diftinguish the land to set off the points, at which I was not a little mortifiedi i . When I came to open the land to the westward of the southermost point, I found it trend from that point W. N. W. and N. W. by W. forming firft a point af the distance of about seven or eight leagues, and then a very deep bay running so far into the N! and N. E. that I could not see the bottom of it. Thé'weftermoft point of this bay is low, but the land soon rifés again, and runs along to the N. W. by W, which seems to be the direction of this coast, from the southermost point of the island towards the city of Mindanao...,

To the westward of this deep bay, the land is all fat, and in comparison of the other parts of the island, but thinly wooded. Over this flat appears a peak of stupendous height, which rises in the clouds like a tower. Between the entrance of this bay and the south point of the island there is another very high hill, the top of which has the funnel shape of a' volcano, but I did not perceive that it emitted either fire or smoke. It is possible that this deep bay is that which Dampier mentions, and that it is misplaced by an error of the press ; for, if instead of saying it bore N. W. four leagues from the eastermost of the islands, he had said it bore N. W. fourteen leagues from the westermost of the Y 2


1767. islands, it would correspond well with his description, November.

the bearings being the fame, and the land on the east side of it high, and low on the west: he is also nearly right in the latitude of. his islands, which he makes 5° 10' N. for probably some parts of the southermost of them may lie in that latitude ; but as I did not go to the southward of them, this is only conje&ure.

Between Hummock Inand, which is the largest and weitermost of them, and the islands to the eastward of it, which are all fat and even, is a passage running north and fouth, which appears to be clear. The north caftermost of these islands is small, low, and flat, with a white sandy beach all round it, and a great. many trees in the middle East or north-east of this iland there are shoals and breakers ; and I saw no other appearance, of danger in these parts. Neither did I see any of the islands which are mentioned by Dampier, and laid down in all the charts, near Mindanao in the offing ; perhaps they are at a more remote distance than is commonly supposed; for without great attention navigators will be much deceived in this particular by the height of the land, as I have observed already. As I.coasted this island, I found the current set, very ftrong to the southward along the shore, till I came to the south end of it, where I found it run N. W. and N. W. by W. which is nearly as the land trends. We had the winds commonly from $. W. to N: W. with light airs, frequent rain, and unfettled weather. '

We now bid farewel to Mindanao, greatly disappointed in our hope of obtaining refreshments, which at first the inhabitants fo readily promised to furnish. We fufpected that there were Dutchmen, or at least Dutch partisans in the town; and that, having discovered us to be English, they had dispatched an armed party to prevent our having any intercourse with the natives, who arrived about two hours after our friendly conference, and were the people that defied us from shore.

C H A P.

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The Passage from Mindanao to the land of Celebes, with 'a particular Account of the Streight of Macassar, in which many Errors are corrested. .

A FTER leaving Mindanao, I stood to the west-, 1767. A ward for the passage between the islands of Bor. No neo and Celebes, called the Streight of Macassar, and made it on Saturday the fourteenth. I observed, that Saturday 14. during the whole of this run we had a strong north westerly current ; but that while we were nearer to Mindanao than Celebes, it ran rather towards the north than the west ; and that when we came nearer to Celebes than we were to Mindanao, it can rather towards the west than the north. The land of Celebes on the north end runs along to the entrance of the passage, is very lofty, and seems to trend away about W. by S. 10 a remarkable point in the passage, . .which makes in a hummock, and which at first we took for an island. I believe it to be the same which in the French charts is called Stroomen Point, but I gave it the name of HUMMOCK POINT. Its latitude, according to my account, is jo 20' N. longitude 1 2 10 30 E. and it is a good mark for those to know the passage that fall in with the land coming from the eastward, who, if poffible, should always make this side of the passage. From Hummock Point the land trends more away to the southward, about S. W. by W. and to the southward of it there is a deep bay, full of islands and rocks, which appeared to me to be very dangerous. Jutt off the point there are two rocks, which, though they are above water, cannot be seen from a ship till the is clofe to the land. To the eastward of this point, dose to the shore, are two islands, one of them very flat, long and even, and the other swelling into a hill: both these islands, as well as the adjacent country, are well covered with trees : I stood close in a little to the eastward of them, and had no ground with an hundred fathoms, within half a mile of the shore, which seemed to be rocky. A little to the weftward of these islands, we saw no less than sixty boats, which



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