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1767. August. a
farther, and therefore we made fail and left them be
was a young man, with a woolly head, like that of the negroes, and a small beard, but he was well-featured, and not so black as the natives of Guinea : he was of the common stature, and like all the reft of the people whom we had seen upon this island, quite naked. His canoe was very small, and of rude workmanship, being nothing more than part of a trunk of a tree made hollow ; it had, however, an outrigger, but none of them had fails.
We found this place to be the western extremity of the island on the north side, and that it lay in exactly the same latitude as the eastern extremity on the same side. The distance between them is about fifty miles due east and west, and a strong current sets westward along the shore.
I was still confined to my bed, and it was with infinite regret that I gave up the hopes of obtaining refreshments at this place, especially as our people told me they saw hogs and poultry in great plenty as we failed along the shore, with cocoa-nut trees, plantains, bananas, and a variety of other vegetable productions, which would foon have restored us to the health and vigour we had lost, by the fatigue and hardships of a long voyage ; but no friendly intercourse with the natives could now be expected, and I was not in a situation to obtain what I wanted by force. I was myself dangerously ill, great part of my crew, as I have already observed, was disabled, and the rest dispirited by difappointment and vexation, and if the men had been all in health and fpirits, I had not officers to lead them on or direct them in any enterprize, nor even to superintend the duties that were to be performed on board the ship. These disadvantages, which prevented my obtaining refrefhments at this island, prevented me also from examining the rest that were near it. Our little strength was every minute becoming less; I was not in a condition to pursue the voyage to the southward, and was in danger of losing the monsoon, fo that no time was now to be lost ; I therefore gave orders to steer northward, hoping to refresh at the country which Dampier has called Nova Britannia. I Shall, however, give the best account I can of the
h was eve to pursue oring the efore
appearance and situation of the islands that I left be- 9767; was we
De August. hind me. Guires :
I gave the general name of QUEEN CHARLOTTE's
ISLANDS to the whole clustre, as well to those that ques. I did not see distinctly, as those that I did; and I
gave several of them particular names as I approached
To the southermost of the two, which when we first
by W. and S. by E. including the passage between pents them, extend about eleven leagues, and the passage is
about four miles broad ; both of them appear to be
The Inhabitants of Egmont Island, whose persons
1767. lified to live in the water as upon the land, for they Augué.
, were in and out of their canoes almost every minute.
The canoes that came out against us from the west end of the island, were all like that which our people brought on board, and might probably, upon occasion, carry about a dozen men, though three or four manage them with amazing dexterity: we saw, however, others of a large size upon the beach, with awnings or shades over them.
We got two of their bows, and a bundle of their arrows, from the canoe that was taken with the wounded man; and with these weapons they do execution at an incredible distance. One of them went through the boat's washboard, and dangerously wounded a midhipman in the thigh. Their arrows were pointed with flint, and we saw among them no appearance of any metal. The country in general is woody and mountainous, with many vallies intermixed ; several small rivers flow from the interior part of the country into the sea, and there are many harbours upon the coast. The variation here was about 11° 15' E.
CH A P. V.
Departure from Egmont Inand, and Passage to Nova
Britannia ; with a Description of several other Islands, and their Inhabitants.
Tuesd. 18. V E made fail from this island in the evening of
V Tuesday the 18th of August, with a fresh trade-wind from the eastward, and a few squalls at times. At first we only hauled up W. N. W. for I was not without hope of falling in with some other islands, where we might be more fortunate than we had been at those we left, before we got the length of
Nova Britannia. Thurs. 20. On the 20th, we discovered a small, flat, law island,
and got up with it in the evening : it lies in latitude 7° 56' S. longitude 158° 56' E. and I gave it the name of Gower's Island. To our great mortification we found no anchorage here, and could procure only a few cocoa-nuts from the inhabitants, who were much the same kind of people that we had seen at Isle 1767:
Auguft. Egmont, in exchange for nails and such trifles as we had ; they promised, by signs, to bring us more the next day, and we kept off and on all night : the night' . was extremely dark, and the next morning, at day- Friday 2 . break, we found that a current had set us considerably to the southward of the island, and brought us within sight of two more. They were situated nearly east and west of each other, and were distant about two miles. That to the eastward is much the smallest, and this we called SIMPSON'S ISLAND : to the other, which Simpson's
we bore down to Gower's Island. It is about two