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1767. August. a

farther, and therefore we made fail and left them be
hind us. About half a mile from Carteret Point, we
had sixty fathoms, with a bottom of sand and coral.
From this point the land trends away W.$. W. and
S. W. forming a deep lagoon, at the mouth of which
lies an island, that with the main forms two entrances
into it: the island we called 'TREVANION's ISLAND.
This entrance is about two miles wide, and the lagoon,
if there is anchorage in it, is certainly a fine harbour
for thipping. After crossing the first entrance, and
coming off the north-west part of Trevanion's Island,
which we called CAPE TREVANION, we saw a great
rippling, and therefore sent the boat off to found ;
we had, however, no bottom with fifty fathoms, the
rippling being caused only by the meeting of the tides.
Having hauled round this Cape, we found the land
trend to the southward, and we continued along the
shore, till we opened the western passage into the la-
goon between Trevanion's Island and the main. In
this place both the main and the island appeared to
be one continued town, and the inhabitants were in-
numberable. We sent a boat to examine this entrance
or passage, and found the bottom to be coral and rock,
with very irregular soundings over it. As soon as the
natives saw the boat leave the ship, they sent off seve-
ral armed canoes to attack her: the first that came
within bow.shot discharged her arrows at the people
on board, who being ready, fired a volley, by which
one of the Indians was killed, and another wounded;
at the same time we fired a great gun from the ship,
loaded with grape-shot among them, upon which they
all pulled back to the shore with great precipitation,
except the canoe which began the attack, and that
being secured by the boat's crew, with the wounded
man in her, was brought to the ship. I immediately
ordered the Indian to be taken on board, and the Sur-
geon to examine his wounds: it appeared that one
shot had gone through his head, and that his arm was
broken by another : the Surgeon was of opinion that the
wound in his head was mortal, I therefore ordered him
to be put again into his canoe, and notwithitanding his
condition, he paddled away towards the shore. He
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was a young man, with a woolly head, like that of the negroes, and a small beard, but he was well-featured, and not so black as the natives of Guinea : he was of the common stature, and like all the reft of the people whom we had seen upon this island, quite naked. His canoe was very small, and of rude workmanship, being nothing more than part of a trunk of a tree made hollow ; it had, however, an outrigger, but none of them had fails.

We found this place to be the western extremity of the island on the north side, and that it lay in exactly the same latitude as the eastern extremity on the same side. The distance between them is about fifty miles due east and west, and a strong current sets westward along the shore.

I was still confined to my bed, and it was with infinite regret that I gave up the hopes of obtaining refreshments at this place, especially as our people told me they saw hogs and poultry in great plenty as we failed along the shore, with cocoa-nut trees, plantains, bananas, and a variety of other vegetable productions, which would foon have restored us to the health and vigour we had lost, by the fatigue and hardships of a long voyage ; but no friendly intercourse with the natives could now be expected, and I was not in a situation to obtain what I wanted by force. I was myself dangerously ill, great part of my crew, as I have already observed, was disabled, and the rest dispirited by difappointment and vexation, and if the men had been all in health and fpirits, I had not officers to lead them on or direct them in any enterprize, nor even to superintend the duties that were to be performed on board the ship. These disadvantages, which prevented my obtaining refrefhments at this island, prevented me also from examining the rest that were near it. Our little strength was every minute becoming less; I was not in a condition to pursue the voyage to the southward, and was in danger of losing the monsoon, fo that no time was now to be lost ; I therefore gave orders to steer northward, hoping to refresh at the country which Dampier has called Nova Britannia. I Shall, however, give the best account I can of the


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appearance and situation of the islands that I left be- 9767; was we

De August. hind me. Guires :

I gave the general name of QUEEN CHARLOTTE's

ISLANDS to the whole clustre, as well to those that ques. I did not see distinctly, as those that I did; and I

gave several of them particular names as I approached

To the southermost of the two, which when we first
discovered land were right a-head, I gave the name of
LORD How's ISLAND, and the other was Egmont
Island, of which some account has already been given. Lord How's
The latitude of Lord How's Island is 11o 10' S. lon- Illand.
gitude 164° 43' E. the latitude of Cape Byron, the
north-east point of Egmont Island, is 10° 40' S. 1on-
gitude 1640 40' E. The east sides of these two islands,
which lie exactly in a line with each other, about N.

by W. and S. by E. including the passage between pents them, extend about eleven leagues, and the passage is

about four miles broad ; both of them appear to be
fertile, and have a pleasant appearance, being covered
with tall trees of a beautiful verdure. Lord How's
Island, though more flat and even than the other, is
notwithstanding high land. About thirteen leagues
W. N. W. N. by compass, from Cape Byron, there
is an island of a stupendous height, and a conicat
figure. The top of it is shaped like a funnel, from
which we saw smoke issue, though no flame ; it is,
however, certainly a volcano, and therefore I called it
VOLCANO ISLAND. To a long flat island that, when Volcano
How's and Egmont's INands were right a-head, bore INand.
N. W: I gave the name of KEPPEL'S ISLAND. It Keppel's
lies in latitude 10° 15' S. longitude by account, 1650 INand.
4'E. The largest of two others to the S. E. I called
Lord EDGECOMB's ISLAND, the small one I called Lord Edge-
Ourry's ISLAND. Edgecomb's Illand has a fine of
pleasant appearance, and lies in latitude 11° 10' S. Ourry's
longitude 165° 14' E. The latitude of Ourry's Illand Illand.
is 11° 10' S. longitude 165° 19' E. The other islands,
of which there were several, I did not particularly ·

The Inhabitants of Egmont Island, whose persons
have been described already, are extremely nimble, vi-
gorous, and active, and seem to be almost as well qua-



1767. lified to live in the water as upon the land, for they Augué.

, were in and out of their canoes almost every minute.

The canoes that came out against us from the west end of the island, were all like that which our people brought on board, and might probably, upon occasion, carry about a dozen men, though three or four manage them with amazing dexterity: we saw, however, others of a large size upon the beach, with awnings or shades over them.

We got two of their bows, and a bundle of their arrows, from the canoe that was taken with the wounded man; and with these weapons they do execution at an incredible distance. One of them went through the boat's washboard, and dangerously wounded a midhipman in the thigh. Their arrows were pointed with flint, and we saw among them no appearance of any metal. The country in general is woody and mountainous, with many vallies intermixed ; several small rivers flow from the interior part of the country into the sea, and there are many harbours upon the coast. The variation here was about 11° 15' E.

CH A P. V.

Departure from Egmont Inand, and Passage to Nova

Britannia ; with a Description of several other Islands, and their Inhabitants.

Tuesd. 18. V E made fail from this island in the evening of

V Tuesday the 18th of August, with a fresh trade-wind from the eastward, and a few squalls at times. At first we only hauled up W. N. W. for I was not without hope of falling in with some other islands, where we might be more fortunate than we had been at those we left, before we got the length of

Nova Britannia. Thurs. 20. On the 20th, we discovered a small, flat, law island,

and got up with it in the evening : it lies in latitude 7° 56' S. longitude 158° 56' E. and I gave it the name of Gower's Island. To our great mortification we found no anchorage here, and could procure only a few cocoa-nuts from the inhabitants, who were much the same kind of people that we had seen at Isle 1767:



Auguft. Egmont, in exchange for nails and such trifles as we had ; they promised, by signs, to bring us more the next day, and we kept off and on all night : the night' . was extremely dark, and the next morning, at day- Friday 2 . break, we found that a current had set us considerably to the southward of the island, and brought us within sight of two more. They were situated nearly east and west of each other, and were distant about two miles. That to the eastward is much the smallest, and this we called SIMPSON'S ISLAND : to the other, which Simpson's

is lofty and has a stately appearance, we gave the name Carteret's
of CARTERET's ISLAND. The east end of it bears Illand.
about fouth from Gower's Island, and the distance be-
tween them is about ten or eleven leagues. Carteret's
Island lies in about the latitude of 8° 26' S. longitude
1590 14' E. and its length from east to west is about
fix leagues : we found the variation here 80 30' E.
· Both these islands were right to windward of us, and

we bore down to Gower's Island. It is about two
leagues and a half long on the western side, which
makes in bays : the whole is well wooded, and many
of the trees are cocoa-nut. We found here a conside-
rable number of the Indians, with two boats or canoes,
which we supposed to belong to Carteret's Island, and
to have brought the people hither only to fish. We
sent the boat on shore, which the natives endeavoured
to cut off, and, hostilities being thus commenced, we
seized their canoe, in which we found about an hun-
dred cocoa-nuts, which were very acceptable ; we saw
some turtles near the beach, but were not fortunate
enough to take any of them. The canoe, or boat, was
large enough to carry eight or ten men, and was very
neatly built, with planks well joined : it was adorned
with shell-work, and figures rudely painted, and the
seams were covered with a substance somewhat like our
black putty, but it appeared to me to be of a better
consistence. The people were armed with bows, ar-
rows, and spears ; the spears and arrows were pointed
with flint. By some signs which they inade, pointing
to our muskets, we imagined they were not wholly
unacquainted with fire arms. They are much the
fame kind of people as we had seen at Egmont Island,


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